Robert Mackenzie Johnston

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For other people named Robert Johnston, see Robert Johnston (disambiguation).

Robert Mackenzie Johnston F.L.S., (27 November 1843 – 20 April 1918)[1] was a Scottish-Australian statistician and scientist.

Early life[edit]

Johnston was born at Petty[2] near Inverness, Scotland, the son of Lachlan Johnstone,[2] a crofter, and his wife Mary, née Mackenzie.[1] Johnston was educated at the village school where his ability was quickly recognized. Johnson was influenced by the life of Hugh Miller, a stonemason and geologist,[1] whose books were lent to him. Johnston obtained work on the railways, read widely, and studied botany, geology, and chemistry at the Andersonian University under Professors Kennedy, Crosskey, and Penny.[2] Glasgow.

Career in Australia[edit]

Emigrating to Australia in 1870 he was given a position in the accountant's branch of the Launceston and Western District railway. He transferred to the government service in 1872, authoring "Field Memoranda for Tasmanian Botanists" (Launceston, 1874). In 1880 he became chief clerk in the Audit Department, his former railway colleagues presented him with a watch inscribed:

Presented to ROBERT MACKENZIE JOHNSTON by personal friends, on the occasion of his going from amongst them, in recognition not merely of his scientific attainments, but also of his social worth, and as a token of the high esteem and great regard in which he has been ever hold. Launceston, Tasmania, August, 1880. Invitum sequitur honos.

[3]

In 1882 Johnston was appointed registrar-general and government statistician. Johnston was appointed a royal commissioner to report on the fisheries of Tasmania, being the author of "Descriptive Catalogue of Tasmanian Fishes" (Hobart, 1882). Johnston also did much geological work, and in 1888 the government published his Systematic Account of the Geology of Tasmania. He was president of the economic and social science and statistics section at the meeting of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science held at Melbourne in 1890, and with the coming of federation he was able to influence very much the special problems of finance that were raised. He originated the scheme of per-capita payments by the Commonwealth to the states that was eventually adopted. Johnston was offered and declined the position of government statist for New South Wales, and declined to be a candidate for the position of Commonwealth statist.

Legacy[edit]

Johnston was also interested in all branches of science, in music, and in education. Johnston died at Hobart on 20 April 1918 of heart disease.[1] Johnston received the Imperial service order in 1903 and was fellow of the Linnean Society of London and the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia and honorary fellow of the Royal Statistical Society of London. A list of 103 of his papers is given in the Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania for 1918, of which over 50 are on geological subjects. In 1903 The R. M. Johnston Memorial Volume, being a selection from his more important papers, was published by the Tasmanian government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d R. L. Wettenhall, 'Johnston, Robert Mackenzie (1843 - 1918)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, MUP, 1983, pp 501-503. Retrieved 8 November 2012
  2. ^ a b c Mennell, Philip (1892). "Wikisource link to Johnston, Robert Mackenzie". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource
  3. ^ "PRESENTATION TO R. M. JOHNSTON ESQ.". Launceston Examiner. Trove, National Library of Australia. 3 September 1880. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Author Query for 'R.M.Johnst.'". International Plant Names Index.