Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke
|Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke|
|Born||8 January 1901
|Died||13 June 1972
|Buried at||St Peter and St Paul's Churchyard, Oxton|
|Years of service||1917 - 1954|
|Commands held||HMS Onslow|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Other work||Lord-Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire|
Rear Admiral Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke VC CB DSO DL (Oxton 8 January 1901 – Oxton 13 June 1972) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Born in Oxton, Nottinghamshire, Sherbrooke attended the Royal Naval Colleges of Osborne and Dartmouth and joined the Royal Navy in 1917 as a midshipman aboard HMS Canada. He was promoted to Commander in 1935 and served aboard the aircraft carrier HMS Courageous. His wartime commands were all Destroyers. From July 1945 to mid-1946 Sherbrooke was CO cruiser HMS Aurora.
On 31 December 1942 off North Cape, Norway in the Barents Sea, Captain Sherbrooke in HMS Onslow was senior officer in command of destroyers escorting an important convoy for North Russia, when he made contact with a vastly superior enemy force—the cruiser Hipper and the pocket battleship Lutzow. Four times the enemy tried to attack the convoy but was forced back each time. Early in the action Captain Sherbrooke was seriously wounded in the face and temporarily blinded. Nevertheless he continued to direct the ships under his command and even when the next senior officer had assumed control, he insisted on receiving all reports of the action until the convoy was out of danger. His actions—and the Nazi ships' failure to neutralize the convoy despite its superior force—were pivotal for Hitler's order to scrap the Kriegsmarine in the beginning of 1943.
He later achieved the rank of rear-admiral.
- British VCs of World War 2 (John Laffin, 1997)
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
- Pope, Dudley, "Battle of Barents Sea". History of the Second World War (magazine series), Vol 3, No. 14. (London: Purnell and Sons, 1967)
- Pope, Dudley, "73 North - The Battle of Barents Sea 1942" (Catham Publishing, 2000, ISBN 1-86176-128-7)
- Captain R.S.V. Sherbrooke in The Art of War exhibition at the UK National Archives
- Rear-Admiral Robert St. Vincent Sherbrooke (brief biography)
- Location of grave and VC medal (Nottinghamshire)
- Royal Navy Officers 1939-1945