HMS Aurora (12)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Aurora.
HMS Aurora 1942 IWM A 8158.jpg
Aurora at anchor off Liverpool, April 1942
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Aurora
Builder: Portsmouth Dockyard
Laid down: 27 July 1935
Launched: 20 August 1936
Commissioned: 12 November 1937
Decommissioned: April 1946
Identification: Pennant number: 12
Fate: Sold on 19 May 1948 to the Nationalist Chinese Navy
Career (Nationalist China) Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg
Name: Chung King
Acquired: 19 May 1948
Fate: Defected to Chinese Communists
Career (Chinese Communists) Naval Ensign of the People's Republic of China.svg
Name: Tchoung King
Renamed: Hsuang Ho (1951)
Pei Ching (1951)
Kuang Chou
Fate: Continued in service until mid-1950s
General characteristics
Class & type: Arethusa-class light cruiser
Displacement: 5,220 tons standard load
6,665 tons full load
Length: 506 ft (154 m)
Beam: 51 ft (16 m)
Draught: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Propulsion: Four Parsons geared steam turbines
Four Admiralty 3-drum oil-fired boilers
Four shafts
64,000 shp
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: Unknown; 1,325 tons fuel oil
Complement: 500
Armament:
Original configuration:
  • 6 × BL 6 inch Mk XXIII naval guns
  • 4 × 4-inch (102 mm) single AA guns
  • 2 × 0.5 inch quadruple machine guns
  • 2 × 21-inch (533 mm) triple torpedo tubes

April 1941 configuration:

  • 3 × 6-inch (152 mm) dual guns
  • 2 × 2-pounder (40 mm) pom-pom quad AA guns
  • 3 × 20 mm Oerlikon single AA guns
  • 2 × 0.5 inch quadruple machine guns
  • 2 × 21-inch (533 mm) triple torpedo tubes.

December 1943 configuration:

  • 3 × 6-inch (152 mm) dual guns
  • 2 × 40 mm Bofors quad AA guns
  • 4 × 20 mm Oerlikon dual power-operated AA guns
  • 3 × 20 mm Oerlikon single AA guns
  • 2 × 0.5 inch quadruple machine guns
  • 2 × 21-inch (533 mm) triple torpedo tubes[1][2]
Armour:
Original configuration:
  • 1 to 3 inches - magazine protection
  • 2.25 inches - belt
  • 1 inches - deck, turrets and bulkheads
Aircraft carried: One aircraft (later removed)

HMS Aurora was an Arethusa-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was built by Portsmouth Dockyard, with the keel being laid down on the 27 July 1935. She was launched on the 20 August 1936, and commissioned 12 November 1937.

History[edit]

Aurora served with the Home Fleet from completion as Rear Admiral (D). In September 1939 she was with the 2nd Cruiser Squadron, escorting convoys to Scandinavia and engaged on the hunt for Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. From October 1940 she was commanded by Captain William Gladstone Agnew. After the Norwegian Campaign she participated in the operations hunting Bismarck and, with Kenya, intercepted one of the German supply ships, Belchen, on 3 June 1941.

Between July and August 1941, as part of Force "K" with the Home Fleet, she was involved in operations to Spitzbergen and Bear Island (Operation Gauntlet). After one of these sorties, in company with Nigeria, she intercepted a German troop convoy off Northern Norway, and the German Bremse was sunk. In the autumn she was transferred to the Mediterranean and arrived in Malta on 21 October 1941 to join a new Force "K".[3]

After her return to the Mediterranean she joined Force "H", and in November was part of the Centre Task Force for the Landings in North Africa, Operation Torch. Off Oran, she engaged the Vichy French torpilleurs Tramontane and Tornade on 8 November 1942, sinking the latter and damaging the former so badly that she had to be beached. The following day she badly damaged the contre-torpilleur Epervier and drove her ashore. By December she was operating as part of Force "Q" at Bône against the Axis evacuation and supply convoys between Trapani and Tunis.

Then, as a unit of the 15th Cruiser Squadron, she participated in the invasion of Sicily and the Salerno landings (Operation Avalanche) before moving into the Aegean in October 1943. During operations in that area she was damaged by bombs off Castellorizo on 30 October, and withdrew to Taranto for repairs which lasted until April 1944. In August 1944 she was at the landings in the south of France, then returned to the Aegean, where she assisted in the liberation of Athens.

After the war Aurora was sold on 19 May 1948 to the Chinese Navy as compensation for six Chinese Custom patrol ships and one freighter that the British seized in Hong Kong and lost during the war. She was renamed Chung King and became the flagship of Chinese navy. On 25 February 1949 her crew defected to the Communists and the ship was renamed Tchoung King, a variation on her previous name. In March 1949 she was sunk in Taku harbour by Nationalist aircraft. She was later salvaged with Russian assistance but then stripped bare as "repayment". The empty hulk spent the rest of her life as an accommodation and warehouse ship, being subsequently renamed Hsuang Ho (1951), Pei Ching (1951) and Kuang Chou.Her name tablet and shipbell were preserved in Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution[4]

Commanding officers[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Lenton & Colledge 1968 p.41
  2. ^ Campbell 1985 p.34
  3. ^ Our Name Wasn't Written — a Malta Memoir, Caroline Vernon, Canberra, 1992, p37 ISBN 0-646-07198-X
  4. ^ http://www.cnss.com.cn/html/2010/yjfc_0519/21880_2_6.html

References[edit]

  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwhich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1980). British Cruisers of World War Two. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-922-7. 
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1995). Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Cassell. ISBN 1-86019-874-0. 

External links[edit]