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Romper Room was a long-running children's television series that ran in the United States from 1953 to 1994 as well as internationally at various times in Canada, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, and Japan. The program targeted preschoolers, children five years of age or younger.
- 1 Television franchises
- 2 A typical episode
- 3 Romper Room and Friends
- 4 Hostesses
- 4.1 National
- 4.2 Baltimore
- 4.3 Boston
- 4.4 Chicago
- 4.5 Cleveland
- 4.6 Denver
- 4.7 Quad Cities, Iowa/Illinois
- 4.8 Honolulu
- 4.9 Johnstown, Pennsylvania
- 4.10 Lexington, Kentucky
- 4.11 Los Angeles
- 4.12 Little Rock, Arkansas
- 4.13 Madison, Wisconsin
- 4.14 Memphis, Tennessee
- 4.15 Miami
- 4.16 Milwaukee
- 4.17 Minneapolis-St. Paul
- 4.18 New Orleans
- 4.19 New York City
- 4.20 Philadelphia
- 4.21 Pittsburgh
- 4.22 Puerto Rico
- 4.23 Oakland/San Francisco
- 4.24 Rochester
- 4.25 Salt Lake City, Utah
- 4.26 Savannah, Georgia
- 4.27 Washington, D.C.
- 4.28 Wichita, Kansas
- 5 Controversy
- 6 International
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Romper Room was a rare case of a series being franchised and syndicated, so local affiliates—Los Angeles and New York were prime examples—could produce their own versions of the show instead of airing the national telecast. For some time local shows all over the world used the same script but with local children. Kids would be on waiting lists for years (sometimes before birth) to be on the show. It was called "an actual kindergarten". Originally filmed in Baltimore, Romper Room eventually moved its broadcast facilities to Chicago, then moved back to Baltimore in 1981. River West Brands is the current owner of the Romper Room trademark and intends to re-launch the brand.[not in citation given]
A typical episode
Each program would open with a greeting from the hostess and the Pledge of Allegiance. Then the hostess and her group of children would embark on 30 or 60 minutes of games, exercises, songs and moral lessons, which were regularly accompanied by background music. The young cast was rotated every two months and ranged from four to five years old.
Romper Room tried to teach its young charges to be polite. For instance, the hostesses were always addressed as "Miss". Many of the hostesses had prior experience in working with small children, as many were former kindergarten teachers.
The hostess would also serve milk and cookies to the children, with prayer offered before eating. The famous Romper Room prayer went "God is great, God is good. Let us thank him for our food. Amen."
A recurring character was Mr. Do-Bee, an oversized bumblebee who came to teach the children proper deportment; he was noted for always starting his sentence with "Do Bee", as in the imperative "Do be"; for example, "Do Bee good boys and girls for your parents!" There was also a "Mr. Don't Bee" to show children exactly what they should not do. Do-Bee balloons were also manufactured. Each balloon featured a painted sketch of Do-Bee on it. When the balloons were inflated and then released, they would fly around the room slowly emitting a buzzing sound. These balloons were made available for purchase to the public.
The show used the then-popular Mattel Jack-in-the-box for its opening and closing titles, with its traditional nursery rhyme "Pop Goes the Weasel" theme song. Starting in 1981, a new, original theme song was used.
At the end of each broadcast, the hostess would look through a "magic mirror" – actually an open hoop with a handle, the size and shape of a hand mirror – recite the rhyme, "Romper, bomper, stomper boo. Tell me, tell me, tell me, do. Magic Mirror, tell me today, have all my friends had fun at play?" She would then name the children she saw in "televisionland", saying, for example, "I can see Kathleen and Owen and Julie and Jimmy and Kelly and Tommy and Bobby and Jennifer and Martin" and so on. Kids were encouraged to mail in their names, which would be read on the air – first names only.
Romper Room and Friends
In 1981, the format of Romper Room was overhauled and re-titled Romper Room and Friends. 100 syndicated versions were taped in Baltimore with "Miss Molly" as host. The biggest change to the program was the introduction of a series of new puppet characters, including a full costume character named Kimble, and puppets, Granny Cat and Up-Up. Kimble and UpUp were performed by Bruce Edward Hall and Granny Cat by Molly McCloskey aka "Miss Molly". The three characters were developed by The Great Jones Studios in NYC. The new characters starred in a series of vignettes, somewhat similar to the "Neighborhood of Make-Believe" segments on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, and were meant to introduce or reinforce simple moral lessons. About 100 of these skits — each running three to five minutes — were produced for insertion into local Romper Room programs; the host would introduce each segment and comment after its conclusion.
In addition, a new opening and closing credits sequence, and lyrical theme – "Romper Room and Friends", containing mostly non-sensical lyrics, but also naming the characters Up-Up, Do Bee, Granny Cat, and Kimble in the lyrics as well – were used, replacing the "Pop Goes the Weasel" theme that had been used.
"Miss Nancy" Terrell, was the hostess in the 1960s and early 1970s when Romper Room was seen on ABC-owned and operated stations throughout the United States in locales that did not have their own hostesses.
The first Romper Room hostess was Nancy Claster, who helped produce the series with her husband under the Claster Television banner. Miss Nancy hosted the show, produced at the studios of WBAL-TV in Baltimore, Maryland, from the first episode in 1953 until 1963, when she was replaced by her daughter Sally Claster Gelbard. Miss Sally hosted the show, in Baltimore and the surrounding area, until 1981 when it was retitled.
Miss Jean (real name Jean Harrington) hosted the Boston area Romper Room (which aired on WHDH and its successor WCVB) for fourteen years. She was an English major and Education minor and a graduate of Salem State College, in Salem, Massachusetts. A Swampscott native, she was a former high school teacher. Her husband at that time was WHDH news reporter Bill Harrington. The show aired with Miss Jean from 1958-1972. She was replaced in March 1972 by "Miss Louise" (Louise Lark, a 23 year old school-teacher and a graduate of Boston University). She and Bill Harrington divorced, and she ultimately moved to Florida.
Romper Room debuted on WGN, Chicago in 1954, and ran until 1960. From 1961 to 1962, a nationally syndicated version aired. The local Romper Room returned from 1963 to 1975. Three of the Chicago hostesses were "Miss Rosemary" Rapp, "Miss Beverly" Marston-Braun and "Miss Elizabeth" Trench. When holding up the Magic Mirror, Miss Beverly would say "Romper, bomper, stomper, boo. Tell me, tell me, tell me do. Magic mirror, tell me today. Did all my friends have fun at play?"
"Miss Genie" deLuise hosted the Denver area Romper Room between 1962 and 1972 on KWGN-TV (which was KCTO at the time). Denver's Miss Genie deLuise was also the Romper Room hostess in Phoenix from fall of 1957 to March 1959.
Quad Cities, Iowa/Illinois
The Hawaiian version of Romper Room debuted in 1964 on KTRG (now KHNL) with "Miss Robin" (Robin Mann), but after the station canceled the program in 1966, the show and its host moved over to KHON where it ran until 1972, when KHON replaced it with Today. Mann later admitted that despite the success of Romper Room in Honolulu, she felt that there wasn't any Hawaiian influence or culture being emphasized into the series during its run. In 1974 KHON bought Mann back for a series called "Robin's Room", which incorporated the Hawaiian culture but had the Romper Room elements, which ran until 1976.
A version of the program aired on WJAC-TV out of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was originally hosted and taught by "Miss Jean," Jean Federici of Pittsburgh. A music education graduate of Indiana State Teacher's College in Indiana, Pa - now Indiana University of Pennsylvania, she hosted the program from 1958 to 1960. "Miss Patti" Patti Hewitt was the hostess from October 1960 through December 1973. She was an elementary major and graduated from Penn State University in State College, Pennsylvania. Miss Patti was replaced with "Miss Mary" Mary Parks until the end of its run about 1976. Mary remained with channel 6 for until 1990 as an anchor, reporter and public affairs reporter. She left WJAC in 1990 to become Sister Mary of the Sisters of St Joseph.
In Los Angeles, Romper Room aired on KCOP-TV. There were only two hosts of the Los Angeles version of the series: "Miss Mary Ann" and "Miss Soco". The second host of the program was Socorro Serrano, aka "Miss Soco", who hosted from 1977 until it ended in 1989 and was the first Latina of Mexican American heritage to host Romper Room. Miss Soco is still fondly remembered by Angelenos in their late 20s and 30s.
Little Rock, Arkansas
One hostess would later find some measure of success in music. Margaret Jones, who hosted the Little Rock show as "Miss Peggy" between 1963 and 1966, went on to sing and to play tabla and keyboards for a locally popular psychedelic rock band called Campbell's Lavender Circus (or sometimes simply Lavender Circus). The sextet sold 2,000 copies statewide of their single, "I Have No Time for Time"/"Mr. N. Bourbaki's Multicoloured Jam."
Judy Fraser attended the University of Wisconsin in Madison and graduated with a B.A. in Speech Communications. She received an honorary scholarship and membership in the Phi Beta Honorary Society for outstanding academic work and the University's Outstanding Actress Award for her portrayal of Maggie in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. After college, Judy remained in Madison, working at a local television station as weathercaster, movie hostess, and Romper Room's "Miss Judy." Channel 15 [WMTV].
WHBQ-TV was the Memphis home for Romper Room, which ran from 1956 to 1970.
The Miami, Florida hostess "Miss Iris" Maxwell from WCKT (now WSVN) Channel 7 was formerly Miss Miami Beach 1953. She was also the author of the children's book Terri and Mike in Lollipop Land, named after her first two children, Michael and Theresa Martin, who had appeared on the show several times. She later married philanthropist and real estate developer Ben Tobin, with whom she had a daughter, Benita Tobin.
Virginia Sherwood Carino, a former broadcaster and ABC News White House correspondent best known in New Orleans for the role that began her career – as Miss Ginny on WWL-TV’s “Romper Room” – died Oct. 7. She was 87.
Mrs. Carino suffered complications from Alzheimer’s disease, her family said. Her husband was former WWL-TV general manager Larry Carino, who came to WWL in 1958 as sales manager.
Mrs. Carino’s career included a stint at ABC News, as one of the network’s first female correspondents, covering the White House during the Nixon and Ford administrations. Later, she became a communications coach and consultant, helping TV reporters and hosts, political candidates and corporate executives enhance their communication skills.
As “Miss Ginny,” Mrs. Carino presided over the Romper Room schoolhouse, welcoming six preschool-aged children to the studio for games, exercise and lessons in everything from math and reading to table manners – particularly how “Do Bees” acted. "Do Bee good boys and girls for your parents," was an example, illustrated by a large bumblebee hand puppet and on signs posted in the school room studio.
Each show began with a Jack-in-the box opening title, to the theme of “Pop Goes the Weasel,” and closed with the hostess looking into her Magic Mirror. Miss Ginny, and her counterparts across the country, would recite the still-familiar line, "Romper, bomper, stomper boo. Tell me, tell me, tell me, do. Magic Mirror, tell me today, have all my friends had fun at play?” She would then name the children she saw in "television land,” who had mailed in their names and were part of the at-home audience.
Mrs. Carino hosted various other shows and appeared in commercials on the station before leaving in 1967. She was a graduate of Stanford University, where she majored in theater.
In addition to her husband, Mrs. Carino is survived by a daughter, 8 stepchildren, 28 grandchildren and 31 great-grandchildren.
A memorial service was held in Sun Lakes, Arizona. Memorial donations may be made to the Mayo Clinic for Alzheimer’s Research or the Alzheimer’s Association.
But she is best known in the city where she began her TV career and spent nearly 10 years teaching children to be “Do Bees” and not “Don’t Bees,” on Channel 4’s “Romper Room.” Each weekday the station aired a local edition of the nationally syndicated show which licensed local versions in TV markets across the country. A later New Orleans version was hosted by actress Linda Mintz.
Linda Barnett Mintz, is a New Orleans' born child actress of radio and stage. She already possessed local celebrity upon being selected to be New Orleans' next "Romper Room" teacher. She appeared on the "MIss Muffin Show" with Terry Flettrich and PBS's "Let's Tell a Story," which was a collaborative effort between the National Council of Jewish Women, New Orleans Section; WDSU-TV; the New Orleans Public Library; and New Orleans schools. These programs encouraged reading and literacy. Linda Mintz was well recognized for her voice-over work on many radio and television commercials. She was a wonderful character actress in local theaters and national television movies. She has performed on every stage in New Orleans as a mistress of ceremonies, songstress, lead in musical theatre, and dramatic actress. She is best known for her portrayal as Amanda Wingfield, in Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie," and Desiree in Stephen Sondheim/Hugh Wheeler's "A Little NIght Music." Her loyal work with PBS has been a constant. She wrote and produced "Dark Secrets" about Russian composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, as well as a series of poetry shows. She recently released a grammy nominated CD for spoken word, a romantic poetry collection "Soft Words, Warm Nights." Mrs. Mintz graduated with a BA and MA in theatre from Tulane University. She is a loyal board member of Tulane's Summer Lyric Theatre at Tulane University.
Linda Mintz is married to Albert Mintz, a prominent New Orleans corporate attorney. She has two adult children and two adult grandchildren. Miss Linda is still an active participant in the New Orleans' community and continues to appear on television and radio. Although a studied actress, singer, and poet—with heart, depth and range—she remains the beloved last Miss Linda of New Orleans.
New York City
In New York City, the first hostess was "Miss Gloria" Flood on WABC-TV for the years 1955-57. "Miss Joan" Thayer became the new hostess when it moved to WNEW-TV (now WNYW) in 1957. "Miss Louise" Redfield took over hosting duties at the same time the program moved over to WOR-TV (now WWOR-TV) in 1966. From 1966 to 1971, in the New York City market, Romper Room aired at 11 a.m. In 1971 it moved up to 10 a.m. in order not to conflict with PBS's 9 a.m. airing of Sesame Street. "Miss Louise" was followed by "Miss Mary Ann" Pedersen, who began filling in for Louise in the early 1970s.
After Louise Redfield left in 1975, Mary Ann Pederson took over the show until 1981. In 1981, the station took the Baltimore-based Romper Room and Friends offered in syndication by Claster Television with new host "Miss Molly" McCloskey, which gave the program nationwide carriage even in markets in was not available on a broadcast station because it was on WOR's superstaion feed. Miss Molly gained a great deal of popularity with viewers and is still fondly remembered today. WOR-TV continued to produce the show, moving it to 9 a.m. in the fall of 1981 and then back to 10 a.m. a month later, due to complaints that it was interfering with the airing of PBS's Sesame Street. The show was aired "live" until 1985. Children who were on the show for a week were on a waiting list for three to four years. It would remain in that time slot until the summer of 1985 when it was pushed up to 8:30 am. A few months after WOR-TV was sold and renamed WWOR, Romper Room was reduced to 30 minutes and moved to 6 a.m. in September 1987. Production in the New York area was discontinued a year later. While many local versions ended in the late 1980s and early 1990s (and some ended in the early-to-mid 1980s), nationally syndicated episodes of Romper Room and Friends with "Miss Molly" stopped airing in 1994.
Another early Romper Room hostess was Claire Coleman, who was the original "Miss Claire" at the Romper Room debut in Philadelphia in 1954. Miss Claire hosted the show at WFIL (now WPVI-TV) from 1954 until 1956. During this time she shared an office with Dick Clark from American Bandstand. Claire Coleman is married to former U.S. Senator Richard Schweiker.
WTAE's version ran from 1958 to 1976, although they also carried the national version on Saturday mornings in its later years. "Miss Jan" Bohna was the local teacher for the WTAE version.
In Puerto Rico, the show was hosted by Bertita Novoa and later, by Sandra Zaiter.
Miss Nancy Besst hosted the San Francisco version on KTVU from 1958 to 1969.
From 1981 - 1987, the San Francisco Bay Area featured another version of Romper Room which was televised live from Oakland, California on the local affiliate KTVU. This version featured "Miss Mary Ann" however her real name was Ruby Unger, a Mill Valley resident. During that time, there were several other teachers who lead the bay area's version of Romper Room.
Stand up comic Johnny Corn was said to be one of the small children in one episode.
In Rochester, New York, where the show was carried on the newly founded WOKR, now WHAM-TV, it was hosted from 1962-1967 by "Miss Rita," Rita Barton, who later founded an innovative child-care facility and is still active today, nearly 50 years after her debut on the program. The role was later taken on by "Miss Karen" for a later portion of the program's run in the 1960s and early 1970s.
Salt Lake City, Utah
Miss Julie, the unflappable mistress of KSL's owned by Bonneville International "Romper Room, played by Edna Anderson-Taylor, she Miss Julie for countless Generation-Xers across Utah, from 1964 thru 1981. Some 6,100 children would come to appear on the program, Anderson-Taylor has been quoted saying that the program gives "a big boost to a child's self-esteem".
There were three or four Miss Julies in the show's 23-year run. But if you grew up in the '60s and '70s, you knew only one: Edna Anderson-Taylor. A sunny blonde with a throaty voice, she led you in the Pledge of Allegiance every morning.
Miss Kay Lisicia hosted the Savannah version on WTOC during the early 1970s.
Miss Connie Bohlin hosted the D.C. version on WTTG Channel 5 from 1957 - 1967.
Miss Marti Watson Garlett was the final host of Romper Room on KAKE-TV in Wichita, Kansas, from 1977-1986, when KAKE canceled the show, a few years after the FCC ceased requiring educational programs for children on commercial television (KAKE was and is an ABC affiliate). Marti Garlett holds a PhD and was one of the few nationwide hosts who came from a child development background and was a former classroom teacher (preschool through grade 3). Most hosts came with radio-television prior experience. She went on to create online teacher preparation programs at Western Governors University, Walden University, and Kendall College, the latter in early childhood education. While she was hosting Romper Room, she was also a full-time professor of elementary teacher education at Friends University in Wichita. She lovingly called Romper Room her "moonlight job" and thought aloud that she should have paid for the privilege of being Miss Marti, rather than being paid.
Miss Barbara Balay was one of the first hosts of Romper Room on KAKE-TV. She later married one of the first producers on the morning show, David Carl Dunn. He wrote a book about their relationship both on and off the air called "From Kansas to Hollywood."
Two controversial events were connected with Romper Room:
In 1962, the hostess of the Phoenix franchise of Romper Room linked her own name with that of the ongoing controversies over abortion. Sherri Finkbine, known to television viewers as "Miss Sherri", sought hospital approval for abortion on the ground that she had been taking thalidomide and believed her child would be born deformed. Finkbine made a public announcement about the dangers of thalidomide, and the hospital refused to allow an abortion, apparently because of her announcement and its own fear of publicity. Finkbine traveled to Sweden for the abortion. Upon completion, it was confirmed that the fetus had no legs and only one arm. The incident became a made-for-TV movie in 1992, A Private Matter, with Sissy Spacek as Finkbine.
Action For Children's Television
After the children's television watchdog group Action for Children's Television was organized in 1968, the group's first target was Boston's version of Romper Room at WHDH-TV, which at the time was a children's show that focused on the promotion of its branded line of toys to its viewers. Threatened with referral to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), WHDH scaled back the host's role in pitching the program's products ("host-selling").
Through the 1980s, Hasbro (which had purchased the program in 1969) sold branded Romper Room toys and products, but since ACT's intervention, ads and promotions for the items were not seen in the Romper Room program.
The Romper Room format was expanded into other countries, such as Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, and the United Kingdom.
Several stations in Australia aired their own versions of Romper Room, most notably the Seven Network (who produced a national version through its Sydney station ATN-7) and regional station NBN-3 Newcastle.
The hostesses of the national edition were Miss Susan, Miss Patricia, Miss Colleen, Miss Helena, Miss Nancy, and Miss Megan. This version of Romper Room was axed in 1988 as the children's show Fat Cat and Friends replaced it.
The NBN edition continued after the station became an affiliate of the Nine Network, with a new title, Big Dog and Friends, the title referring to the station's mascot Big Dog, who appeared in the show as the sidekick of the hostess, Miss Kim. This, the last version of Romper Room to survive on Australian television, was eventually cancelled.
In Canada, the first station to start airing the locally produced version of Romper Room was CKLW-TV in Windsor, Ontario, which at the time was serving the Detroit, Michigan television market, in 1954, the year the station signed on, with Miss Ardis (Ardis Kenealy) and Miss Flora, Flora (Paulin) Asselstine. Besides Windsor, CJCH-TV in Halifax, Nova Scotia also produced a local version during the 1960s, which was hosted by "Miss Jo-Anne" (Jo-Anne Lawson.) This version later moved to CHSJ-TV in Saint John, New Brunswick during the 1970s. Other local versions were produced at CHCH-TV in Hamilton, Ontario, CHBC-TV in Kelowna, BC, CJAY-TV in Winnipeg, CKVR-TV in Barrie, Ontario hosted by "Miss Lois" (Lois Welsman) and CFCF-TV in Montreal. In Newfoundland and Labrador, a local version was produced on CJON-TV (NTV) in St. John's, and there was another local version produced in Grand Falls-Windsor. The version in Toronto aired on CFTO-TV.
A nation-wide program that ran from 1972-1992 on CTV was produced at CKCO-TV in Kitchener, Ontario and was hosted by "Miss Fran" (Fran Pappert), "Miss Jean" (Jeanette Moffat) and "Miss Betty" (Betty Thompson). The Canadian version of the program used the same opening credits and "Pop Goes the Weasel" theme as the US version, the Jack-in-the-box logo, and other elements such as the Do-Bee character and the Magic Mirror (including the psychedelic visual effect that went along with it). When the US franchise changed the title to Romper Room and Friends, the Canadian series followed suit.
In Hong Kong, there was a local version called Siusiu Lokyuen (小小樂園), which aired since the late 1960s to the early 1970s. It was hosted by Miss Chiu Suk-ching (趙淑貞) but she would be known as "Sister Chiu" (趙淑貞姐姐). Elements such as "Pop Goes the Weasel" theme, the Jack-in-the-box logo, the Do-Bee character and the Magic Mirror are the same as other versions.
In Japan, there was a localised version called Ronpārūmu (ロンパールーム?), which aired from 1963 to 1979 on Nittele. Just before this show debuted, the first Japanese hostess, Midori Namiki, visited New York for training with other hostesses from several countries.
Hostesses of the Japanese version were always named Miss Midori, with "midori" meaning "green".
The United Kingdom had several versions of Romper Room.
In Northern Ireland, local ITV affiliate UTV created a local production in the late 1960s and early 1970s, hosted by "Miss Adrienne" (mother of television reporter Andrea Catherwood), and then "Miss Helen" and Rose Neill "Miss Rose".
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- Anthony LaCamera. "Boston's Miss Jean is Welcomed Back." Boston Record American, March 6, 1968, p. 21.
- Anthony LaCamera. "Romper Room Gets New Teacher." Boston Record American, March 14, 1972, p. 10.
- Reckler, J. (1964, February 23). Education is Fun on 'Romper Room'. The Rocky Mountain News TV DIAL, pp. Cover and 12-13.
- "Virginia Carino, "Miss Ginny" on WWL-TV's "Romper Room," dies at 87 | wwltv.com New Orleans". Wwltv.com. 2012-10-14. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- "Romper Room Takes Its Own Advice: 'Do Bee' the Longest-Running Kids' Program on U.S. Television". People Vol 9 No. 5. 02-06-1978.
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- CBC News (20 Feb 2009). "Miss Ann of Saint John children's TV dies at 80.". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
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- A Clip from the Australian Romper Room c. 1985
- Romper Room at the Internet Movie Database
- A Private Matter at the Internet Movie Database
- Romper Room info from tvparty.com
- Romper Room on WOC-TV 6 Davenport, Iowa
- 2008 interview with Honolulu's Romper Room host Robin Mann from Honolulu Star-Bulletin
- Romper Room at the National Film and Sound Archive