Ronald White

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For other people named Ronald or Ronnie White, see Ronald White (disambiguation).
Ronald White
Birth name Ronald White
Born (1939-04-05)April 5, 1939
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Died August 26, 1995(1995-08-26) (aged 56), Detroit, MI
Occupation(s) Singer, songwriter, entrepreneur
Years active 1955–1995
Associated acts The Miracles

Ronald "Ronnie" White (April 5, 1939 – August 26, 1995) was an American musician, best known as the co-founder of The Miracles and its only consistent original member. White was also known for bringing Stevie Wonder to the attention of Motown Records and songwriting several hit singles for the Miracles and other artists including The Temptations, Marvin Gaye, and Mary Wells.

Biography[edit]

Born in Detroit, White began his friendship with fellow Miracles co-founder Smokey Robinson when they were kids. The pair started singing together when White was 12 and Robinson was 11. They were soon joined by a third boy, Pete Moore, and in 1955, the trio formed a quintet called The Five Chimes, with two other boys. After the inclusion of Bobby Rogers and his cousin Emerson "Sonny" Rogers, the group changed its name to the Matadors, and changed their name again to The Miracles after Claudette Rogers, of the sister group the Matadorettes, replaced "Sonny".

The quintet soon began working with Berry Gordy following a failed audition with Brunswick Records and soon found fame after signing with Gordy's Motown label under the Tamla subsidiary. During the group's early years, White and Robinson performed several songs as the duo Ron & Bill.[1] White helped Robinson compose several hit singles including The Miracles' "My Girl Has Gone" and "A Fork in the Road" and is known as the co-writer and co-producer of The Temptations' signature song, "My Girl" and also co-wrote the same group's "Don't Look Back". He also co-wrote Mary Wells' "You Beat Me to the Punch" and Marvin Gaye's "Ain't That Peculiar". White would later win awards as a songwriter from the BMI.[2] White helped to bring a then unknown Stevie Wonder to Motown after overhearing him playing with White's cousin; Wonder was signed immediately afterwards.

In 1966, White and the other Miracles briefly retired from the road to work as staff songwriters and executives for the label, but soon complained of not getting paid, and returned to perform on the road the following year, in 1967. After Smokey Robinson, Claudette Robinson and Marv Tarplin left the group in 1972, the group carried on with Billy Griffin, scoring two more hits with Motown including the number-one smash, "Love Machine", before leaving Motown in 1977 for Columbia Records. The group disbanded in 1978 after Pete Moore opted for retirement and Billy Griffin returned to his solo career.

White and Bobby Rogers revived the Miracles in 1980 with Dave Finley and Carl Cotton, calling themselves "The New Miracles". This lasted until 1983, when White faced personal struggles following the death of his first wife, Earlyn Stephenson, who died from breast cancer that year. White announced a retirement shortly afterwards and the Miracles again disbanded. White later remarried. White and Rogers revived the Miracles again in 1993. From his first marriage, he fathered three children, daughters Michelle Lynn and Pamela Claudette and son Ronald White, II. His granddaughter, Maya Naomi, was born to Pamela after his death. White's first born daughter, Michelle succumbed to leukemia at the age of 9. Later in life, White would fight his own battle with leukemia. He died, August 26, 1995, at the age of 56.

RRHOF controversy, The Walk of Fame, and 2012 Miracles induction[edit]

In 1987, Smokey Robinson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a solo artist. Controversially, Ronnie White and the other original members of The Miracles, Bobby Rogers, Marv Tarplin, Pete Moore and Claudette Robinson, were not.[3] However, The Miracles, including White, would later be retroactively inducted into the Hall of Fame by a special committee in 2012, alongside Smokey Robinson.[4][5]

White was also posthumously awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 20 March 2009 along with the other original members of The Miracles. His second wife, Gloria, daughter Pamela, and granddaughter Maya were present.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smokey Robinson and David Ritz, Smokey: Inside My Life.
  2. ^ Ebony 1971, pp. 169.
  3. ^ "The Miracles", Not in Hall of Fame, accessed 16 November 2011.
  4. ^ "The Miracles: inducted in 2012 | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum". Rockhall.com. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  5. ^ "The Miracles". Future Rock Legends. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 

External links[edit]