Rotenburg an der Fulda
|Rotenburg a.d. Fulda|
Old houses in Rotenburg, facing the Fulda River
|• Mayor||Christian Grunwald (CDU)|
|• Total||79.84 km2 (30.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||183 m (600 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||HEF, ROF|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and sightseeing
- 5 Economy and infrastructure
- 6 Famous people
- 7 Further reading
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The town lies south of the Stölzinger Gebirge (range) in the narrowest part of the Fulda valley. The town’s lowest point lies at 180 m above sea level in the area near the two bridges across the Fulda linking Rotenburg’s Old Town and New Town; these are the Alte Fuldabrücke (“Old Fulda Bridge”) and the Brücke der Städtepartnerschaften (“Bridge of Town Partnerships”). The town’s highest point is the 548.7 m-high Alheimer, lying on the town limit between Rotenburg and the neighbouring community of Alheim.
Clockwise from the north, these are Alheim, Spangenberg, Cornberg, Bebra and Ludwigsau. On the so-called Stölzinger Höhe (heights) in the northeast, above the outlying centre of Dankerode, Rotenburg has a boundary with the town of Waldkappel.
Besides the main town, Rotenburg a.d. Fulda is made up of the outlying Stadtteile of Lispenhausen, Braach, Schwarzenhasel, Erkshausen, Seifertshausen, Dankerode, Atzelrode (with Alte Teich Estate and Wüstefeld) and Mündershausen.
In 769, the outlying centres of Braach and Lispenhausen, along with the now vanished village of Breitingen (which lay somewhere near the Hochmahle) had their first documentary mentions in the Hersfeld Abbey’s directory of holdings. These consisted of six estates and 90 Morgen of land.
The Gisonen were the Abbey’s Vögte (singular: Vogt). They built the first security castle in the Fulda valley once they had come to hold the Vogtei (the right to be Vogt). Around this castle arose a settlement. The Landgraves of Thuringia, who inherited the Vogtei from the Gisonen, built on the Alter Turm (mountain) Rodenberg Castle, which today lies in ruins, but is believed to be the town’s namesake.
The settlement on the Fulda’s left bank, today’s Altstadt (“Old Town”), had its first documentary mention as a town in 1248, and after the Thuringian-Hessian War of Succession in 1264 the town belonged to the Landgraviate of Hesse. The old castle in the valley had supposedly been removed sometime after 1423. In 1470 arose the first Schloss Rotenburg. A great town fire destroyed the Old Town in 1478 along with the newly built Schloss. Between 1627 and 1834, Rotenburg was a residence town of the landgrave family of Hesse-Rotenburg, the so-called Rotenburger Quart.
In 1615, 57 houses burnt down in Braach, and in the Thirty Years' War, in 1637, the town and the town hall burnt. The fire was set by soldiers from the Isolani Regiment. In March 1882, the volunteer fire brigade was started as a club. In 1900 it acquired an equipment shed with a drying tower near the Fulda.
During the Second World War, the town was the location of a prisoner of war camp for officers (Oflag). Rotenburg has belonged since 1972 to Hersfeld-Rotenburg district, before which it was the old Rotenburg district’s seat. In 2003, the town earned unwanted fame through Armin Meiwes.
In 2004, the town earned a silver medal in the national contest Unsere Stadt blüht auf (“Our Town is Blossoming”), and in 2005 it earned a gold medal with a special prize for the landscaping design of the Fulda floodplain.
In August 2007, the volunteer fire brigade staged the 20th Hessian Fire Brigade Day with an extensive programme of events on the occasion of its 125 anniversary of founding.
Through municipal reform in 1972, the above-named formerly self-administering communities were integrated into the town of Rotenburg a. d. Fulda.
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:
|Parties and voter communities||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||35.9||13||37.7||14|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||51.8||19||50.4||19|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||2.0||1||2.5||1|
|UBR||Unabhängige Bürger Rotenburgs||10.3||4||9.3||3|
|Voter turnout in %||48.2||56.2|
The town’s executive (Magistrat) is made up of six councillors, including the mayor, with four seats allotted to the SPD and two to the CDU.
The new mayor is 34 year old Christian Grunwald, elected in 2012.
Coat of arms
The town’s arms might be described thus: Argent at the nombril point a mount of three gules surmounted by a bough vert in fess arising from the bottom of which and growing in pale a sprig of three linden leaves vert.
The German blazon describes the “mount” as a Dreiberg, even though in the artistic rendering seen here, it does not have the same shape that this charge usually has in German civic coats of arms. See, for instance, Nentershausen’s, Neuenstein’s or Philippsthal’s coat of arms.
The arms come from the early 17th century. The mound stands for the Rotenberg, a mountain on which once stood a castle. From these, the town got its name. The linden sprig comes from old guild seals, which bore a cloverleaf and a star. From this arose the linden sprig, which was adopted as a charge in the town’s arms, putting the coat of arms in the “North Hesse Cloverleaf Arms Family” along with Kassel and Felsberg. The first example of the arms now valid in the town was in the Knights’ Hall (Rittersaal), which was torn down in the late 18th century. The first examples on mediaeval town seals show a saint bearing a palm frond before a town gate. It most likely was meant to be the town’s patron saint, James the Elder.
- Argentan, Orne, France since 1976
- Gedling, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom since 1978
- Rothenburg, Lucerne, Switzerland since 1988
There are friendship relations with the following towns:
- Rotenburg an der Wümme, Lower Saxony
- Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Bavaria
- Rothenburg, Saxony-Anhalt
- Rothenburg, Saxony
- Czerwieńsk, Lubusz Voivodeship, Poland (formerly Rothenburg an der Oder)
Culture and sightseeing
- Kreisheimatmuseum Rotenburg (district history)
- Puppen- und Spielzeugmuseum (puppets and toys)
- Memorial and meeting place: the former mikvah
The most important sights in the town are these following:
- Schloss Rotenburg, built in Renaissance style between 1570 and 1607, remodelled about 1790, today houses the Hesse State Financial School, includes preserved side building and palace park.
- Town Hall, built in 1597–1598 and remodelled in the Baroque period; on 23 September 1637 the town was burnt down by Colonel Isolani’s people. The statue of Saint James at the Town Hall “fell crashing onto the marketplace and burst asunder” (according to the chronicler).
- Saint James’s Parish Church
- Saint Elizabeth and Mary Monastery Church in the New Town, built beginning in 1370, crypt of the Landgraves of Hesse. Only Landgrave Moritz the Learned’s son, Hermann, the first Quartfürst of Hesse-Rotenburg is buried here next to his consort Kunigunde Juliane of Anhalt-Zerbst. From this princely house also sprang Russian Tsaritsa Catherine the Great.
- On the Alter Turm (mountain, 418.1 m above sea level) are hidden the ruins of Rodenberg Castle (from about 1150).
- On the Fulda is found an old lock from the 17th century.
- The mikvah, the former Jewish community’s ritual bath, since 2006 a memorial and meeting place and Jewish Museum. There are two websites with extensive information, www.mikwe.de and www.hassia-Judaica.de
Rotenburg further has other historic churches and interesting houses. Even parts of the mediaeval town wall from the 12th and 13th centuries with two round towers are preserved.
- Heimat- und Strandfest (“Homeland and Beach Festival”, every year on the first weekend in July)
- Historic Christmas Market on Rotenburg’s Marketplace and in adjoining lanes (from early December – 16 days) with Germany’s tallest Christmas pyramid
- Kuckucksmarkt (“Cuckoo’s Market”) in the outlying centre of Braach (North Hesse art, craft and farmers’ market held on the last weekend of each month from May to October)
Economy and infrastructure
Especially important to the town and the whole area is the Herz-Kreislauf-Zentrum (HKZ – Cardiovascular Centre) on the south slope above the town.
As at January 2006, 4,188 workers are employed in town, of which 989 jobs are offered by producing businesses, 2,143 by service providers, 367 by trade, 80 by forestry and agriculture and 609 by other fields of endeavour. There are 1,325 beds dedicated to tourism.
- RMW Rotenburger Metallwerke GmbH
- C. Brühl Komplementär Textilwerk Rotenburg Verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH (textile specialist in trousers, shirts and jackets)
Hessische/Niedersächsische Allgemeine (daily newspaper) with its Lokalteil Rotenburg Bebra (local section) and the Kreisanzeiger published district-wide.
- Until it was disbanded early in 2006, the Panzergrenadierbataillon 52 (Armoured Grenadier Battalion 52) was stationed at the Alheimer-Kaserne (“Alheim Barracks”). Since July 2006, the newly deployed Führungsunterstützungsbataillon 286 (“Command Support Battalion 286”) have been there. Joining them is the 6th Company of the Feldjägerbataillon 251 (“Military Police Battalion 251”), which was formerly stationed in Schwalmstadt. The FüUstgBtl 286 belongs to the Command Support Regiment 28 in Mechernich and is part of the Bundeswehr’s Streitkräftebasis (SKB).
- Rotenburg Study Centre: Hesse State Financial School, Professional Administration College of the State of Hesse.
- Training and Continuing Education Centre of HSVV “Marstall”
- BKK-Akademie – conference and seminar hotel
There are ten schools in town, among them the Jakob-Grimm-Schule, which acts as an ancillary comprehensive school with a Gymnasium upper level. There is also the BKK Akademie, where there is training in social insurance law and related themes for those employed in the field.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Bernhard Christoph Faust (b. 23 May 1755 in Rotenburg, d. 25 January 1842 in Bückeburg), physician and architectural theoretician
- Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (b. 31 March 1819 in Rotenburg, d. 6 July 1901 in Ragaz); politician, Imperial chancellor and Prussian Prime Minister (1894–1900).
- Gustav Adolf Hohenlohe (b. 26 February 1823 in Rotenburg; d. 30 October 1896 in Rome); German Cardinal.
- Franz Vetter (b. 1824 in Rotenburg, d. 27 February 1896 in Potsdam); Electoral court gardener, from 1891 royal Prussian chief court gardener at Sanssouci.
- Elise zu Salm-Horstmar (b. 6 January 1831 in Rotenburg, d. 29 June 1920); writer.
- Dr. Leopold Neuhaus (b. 1879 in Rotenburg, d. 1954), rabbi in Frankfurt am Main.
- Manfred Gruber (b. 24 January 1951 in Erkshausen); artist (painting, graphic arts and scenic design).
People associated with the town
- Jakob Wilhelm Georg Vilmar (b. 4 June 1804 in Solz, d. 7 December 1884 in Melsungen), clergyman of the Hessische Renitenz, clergyman in Rotenburg (1830–1851).
- Walter Wallmann (b. 24 September 1932 in Uelzen), Chief Mayor of Frankfurt am Main, Federal Minister for Environment, Conservation and Reactor Safety (1986–1987), Hessian premier (1987–1991), judge at the Amt court in Rotenburg (1966).
- Günter Schabowski (b. 4 January 1929 in Anklam), journalist and politician, member of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany central committee and politburo, editor of the Heimatnachrichten (1993–1999) in Rotenburg.
- Armin Meiwes (b. 1. December 1961 in Essen), known as the Rotenburg-Cannibal
- Albert Deist, Thomas Sippel: Rotenburg an der Fulda. Sutton Verlag 2005, ISBN 3-89702-852-2
- Heinrich Nuhn: Ein Rundgang durch Rotenburg a.d. Fulda. Spuren jüdischen Lebens. 2001, ISBN 3-933231-18-3
- Angela Pooch: Historische Einblicke in unsere Stadt. Archiv der Stadtverwaltung, 1997, ISBN 3-932580-02-8
- Albert Deist, Thomas Sippel Rotenburg an der Fulda: 1948 bis 1983 2008 Sutton Verlag ISBN 3-86680-251-X
Heinrich Nuhn, Die Rotenburger Mikwe. Kultudenmal und Zeugnis der Vielfalt jüdischen Lebens, 2006, ISBN 3-933734-11-8
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- Official site (German)
- Flight around Rotenburg Videoclip (13 MB, 1:40 min) from the German site http://www.osthessen-news.de *Virtual town tour – traces of Jewish life (German)
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
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