Royal Society of Canada
|The Royal Society of Canada|
|Abbreviation||RSC / SRC|
|Purpose/focus||To promote Canadian research and scholarly accomplishment in both official languages, to recognize academic and artistic excellence and to advise governments, non-governmental organizations and Canadians on matters of public interest.|
|Headquarters||Ottawa, Ontario, Canada|
The Royal Society of Canada (La Société royale du Canada) also known as RSC: The Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (SRC : Les Académies des arts, des lettres et des sciences du Canada) is the senior national, bilingual body of distinguished Canadian scholars, humanists, scientists and artists. The primary objective of the RSC is to promote learning and research in the arts, the humanities and the sciences. The RSC is Canada’s National Academy and exists to promote Canadian research and scholarly accomplishment in both official languages, to recognize academic and artistic excellence, and to advise governments, non-governmental organizations and Canadians on matters of public interest. 
In the late 1870s, the Governor General of Canada, the Marquis of Lorne, determined that Canada required a cultural institution to promote national scientific research and development. Since that time, succeeding Governors General have remained closely involved with the affairs of the Society. In 1882 the Royal Society of Canada was founded under the personal patronage of the Marquis of Lorne. A year later, in 1883, the Society was incorporated by a statute of the Parliament of Canada. In 2010, His Excellency the Right Honourable David Lloyd Johnston, Governor General of Canada, was elected as an Honorary Fellow of the Society.
From its founding in 1883 into the early 1900s, the structure of the RSC followed the model of the Royal Society of London but with the important addition of literature and other elements found in the Institut de France. Like their counterparts, membership to the RSC was limited and by election. Initially, the RSC was divided into four sections, each of 20 Fellows. These sections were: (1) Littérature française, Histoire, Archéologie; (2) English Literature, History, Archaeology; (3) Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Sciences; and (4) Geological and Biological Sciences. The founding Fellows of the RSC included Sir Sandford Fleming, the originator of the world system of Standard Time, and Sir William Osler, one of the greatest physicians of his day. The Fellows of the RSC were nominated by a committee headed by the Principal of McGill University, Sir John William Dawson, and by the former Premier of Québec, Pierre Chauveau. These two men served as the first and second Presidents of the Society.
As Canadian scholarship and research blossomed, the RSC also grew. Within three decades the fellowship of the RSC doubled in number. After several phases of restructuring, the RSC evolved into the contemporary organization that it is today.
Organization and purpose 
The Royal Society of Canada currently consists of over 2 000 Fellows: men and women from all branches of learning who have made remarkable contributions in the arts, the humanities and the sciences, as well as in Canadian public life. Today, the fellowship comprises four categories: Regularly Elected Fellows, Specially Elected Fellows, Foreign Fellows and Honorary Fellows.
Each year, approximately 80 outstanding individuals are elected to the fellowship. This cohort includes approximately 75 Regularly Elected Fellows recommended by the Divisions; up to six Specially Elected Fellows; up to four Foreign Fellows; and a maximum of one Honorary Fellow.
Election to fellowship in the Society is the highest accolade available to scientists, artists and scholars in Canada. Once inducted into the Society, Anglophone Fellows may use the post-nomial FRSC (Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada) and Francophone Fellows may use MSRC (Membre de la Société royale du Canada). The RSC is composed of three bilingual Academies, embracing a broad range of scholarly disciplines and artistic fields.
Academy I is the Academy of Arts and Humanities. There are three divisions of Academy I: an Anglophone Division (I) - Humanities; a Francophone division (II) – Lettres et sciences humaines; and a bilingual division for the Arts (III) – The Arts/Les Arts; embracing architecture, creative writing and the arts.
Academy II is the Academy of Social Sciences. There are two divisions of Academy II: an Anglophone division (I) – Social Sciences; and a Francophone division (II) – Sciences sociales.
Academy III is the Academy of Science. There are four bilingual divisions of Academy III: (I) - Applied Sciences and Engineering; (II) - Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences; (III) - Life Sciences; and (IV) - Mathematical and Physical Sciences.
The Society is dedicated to making its members’ broad and varied knowledge available to the public. Members are available to assess issues of value to Canadians and provide independent expert advice, notably to government on matters of public policy through its program of Expert Panel reports.
Institutional members 
The RSC officially launched the Institutional Member (IM) Programme in 2004. The goal was to provide a mechanism by which, on the one hand, the Society could develop its programmes in conjunction with Canadian universities, and on the other hand, universities could have formal and direct input into the strategic organization and governance of the Society. This closer relationship facilitates the nomination of new Fellows from all Canadian universities, and provides a home for the Society to sponsor scholarly activities at institutions of all sizes across Canada. Today 46 universities and the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) are Institutional Members of the Society.
Medals and awards 
The RSC recognizes outstanding achievements in research and innovation by awarding medals and prizes. Twenty Society awards are offered on an annual or biennial basis and consist of either medals or certificates, some of them with cash prizes. These awards are as follows:
- Award in Gender Studies to recognize significant contributions by a Canadian scholar in the humanities and social sciences to furthering our understanding of issues concerning gender
- Bancroft Award for publication, instruction, and research in the earth sciences that have conspicuously contributed to public understanding and appreciation of the subject
- Centenary Medal to honour individuals and organizations that have made outstanding contributions to the object of the RSC and to recognize links to international organizations
- Henry Marshall Tory Medal for outstanding research in a branch of astronomy, chemistry, mathematics, physics, or an allied science
- Innis Gérin Medal for a distinguished and sustained contribution to the literature of the social sciences including human geography and social psychology
- J.B. Tyrrell Historical Medal for outstanding work in the history of Canada
- John L. Synge Award for outstanding research in any of the branches of the mathematical sciences
- Lorne Pierce Medal for an achievement of special significance and conspicuous merit in imaginative or critical literature written in either English or French (critical literature dealing with Canadian subjects has priority over critical literature of equal merit that does not deal with Canadian subjects)
- Miroslaw Romanowski Medal for significant contributions to the resolution of scientific aspects of environmental problems or for important improvements to the quality of an ecosystem in all aspects – terrestrial, atmospheric and aqueous – brought about by scientific means
- Pierre Chauveau Medal for a distinguished contribution to knowledge in the humanities other than Canadian literature and Canadian history
- Rutherford Memorial Medal for outstanding research in chemistry
- Rutherford Memorial Medal for outstanding research in physics
- Sir John William Dawson Medal for important and sustained contributions in two domains of interest to RSC or in interdisciplinary research
- The Alice Wilson Award for outstanding academic qualifications of a woman who is entering a career in scholarship or research at the postdoctoral level
- The Flavelle Medal for an outstanding contribution to biological science during the preceding ten years or for significant additions to a previous outstanding contribution to biological science
- The McLaughlin Medal for important research of sustained excellence in any branch of medical sciences
- The McNeil Medal for outstanding ability to promote and communicate science to students and to the public within Canada
- Willet G. Miller Medal for outstanding research in any branch of the earth sciences
- The Konrad Adenauer Research Award for the promotion of academic collaboration between Canada and the Federal Republic of Germany, presented to honour the scholar’s entire academic record
- The EJLB-CIHR Michael Smith Chair in Neurosciences and Mental Health allows a Canadian university or health research institute to attract a leading scientist in the field of neurosciences and mental health to Canada. It is offered by the EJLB Foundation, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the CIHR Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction (INMHA) and the RSC.
- "The Royal Society of Canada". Retrieved 6 June 2012.
See also 
- List of presidents of the Royal Society of Canada
- List of Canadian organizations with royal patronage
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Royal Society of Canada|
- The Royal Society of Canada Website
- The Royal Society of Canada's YouTube Channel
- The Royal Society of Canada's LinkedIn Page
- @RSCTheAcademies on Twitter
- Chenier, Nancy Miller, and Claude Le Moine. The Royal Society of Canada, 1881-1981 ... to Commemorate the Centennial of the Royal Society of Canada = La Société royale du Canada, 1881-1981 ... afin de commémorer le centenaire de la Société royale du Canada. Ottawa: National Library of Canada, 1982. N.B.: Published on the occasion of an "exhibition presented by the National Library of Canada, June 1 to September 6, 1982...." Text, printed in the double page columns, in English and in French.