Rudolf Freiherr von Roman

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Rudolf Freiherr von Roman
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-088-3724-06A, Russland, Generale vor Holzhaus.jpg
Rudolf Freiherr von Roman (3rd from left)
Born 19 November 1893
Bayreuth, Bavaria
Died 18 February 1970(1970-02-18) (aged 76)
Schernau (Dettelbach)
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1912 - 1945
Rank General der Artillerie
Commands held 35. Infanterie Division
XX. Armeekorps
LXIV. Armeekorps
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Rudolf Ernst Philipp August Joachim Freiherr von Roman[a] (19 November 1893 – 18 February 1970) was a German general who commanded several corps during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Rudolf Freiherr von Roman was captured by American troops in May 1945 and was released in 1947.

Career[edit]

1893 Nov 19: born in Bayreuth.

1914 Aug 1: Lt. in Bayr. 6. Fa.R.

1936 Aug 1: Lt. Col.

1939 March 1: Colonel.

1939 Sept 1: 10th Artillery Regmt. (later 17th Art. Regmt.)

1940 Nov 15: Arko 3.

1941 Sept 1: Major General

1941 Dec 1: 35th Inf.Div (I.D.)

1942 Feb 19: awarded Ritterkreuz

1942 Oct 1: Lt.Gen. 1942-1945: XX A.K.

1942 Nov 1: General der Artillery.

1943 Sept 3: awarded Ritterbreuz m. Eichenlaub (oak leaves).

1944 June: saw combat around Normandy invasion.

1945 May: captured.

1947: released from POW camp.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  • a Regarding personal names: Freiherr is a title, translated as Baron, not a first or middle name. The female forms are Freifrau and Freiin.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 296.
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 63.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Schaulen, Fritjof (2005). Eichenlaubträger 1940 – 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe III Radusch – Zwernemann [Oak Leaves Bearers 1940 – 1945 Contemporary History in Color III Radusch – Zwernemann] (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite. ISBN 978-3-932381-22-5. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Walther Fischer von Weikersthal
Commander of 35. Infanterie Division
1 December 1941 – 10 September 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Ludwig Merker
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Friedrich Materna
Commander of XX. Armeekorps
10 September 1942 – 14 February 1943
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Erwin Vierow
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Erwin Vierow
Commander of XX. Armeekorps
10 March 1943 – December 1943
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Edgar Röhricht
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Edgar Röhricht
Commander of XX. Armeekorps
January 1944 – 1 April 1945
Succeeded by
General der Kavallerie Carl-Erik Koehler
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Helmut Friebe
Commander of LXIV. Armeekorps
April 1945 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by
None