Ruger GP100

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For the melanoma tumor-specific antigen, see Glycoprotein 100.
GP100
Ruger GP100 .357 Stainless.jpg
Ruger KGP-141 with speed loaders of .357 ammunition.
Type Revolver
Place of origin United States
Production history
Manufacturer Sturm, Ruger & Co.[1]
Produced 1985 - Present [1]
Variants See Models
Specifications
Weight 36–45 oz (1,000–1,300 g)[2]
Length 8.5 in (22 cm)[2]
9.5 in (24 cm)[2]
11.5 in (29 cm)[2]
Barrel length 3 in (7.6 cm)[2]
4.2 in (11 cm)[2]
6 in (15 cm)[2]

Cartridge .357 Magnum / .38 Special
.327 Federal Magnum[2]
Action Double Action Revolver
Effective firing range 55 to 110 yards (50 to 100 meters)
Maximum firing range +/- 550 yards (500 meters)
Feed system 6-shot Cylinder (.357 Mag & .38 Sp)
7-shot Cylinder (.327 Fed Mag)[2]

The GP100 is a family/line of six-shot double action .357 Magnum/.327 Federal Magnum revolvers made by Sturm, Ruger & Co., manufactured in the United States. It was introduced in 1985 as a second-generation of the Ruger double action, exposed hammer revolvers intended to replace Ruger's Security / Service / Speed Six line. It was made stronger with the intent to fire an unlimited number of full-power .357 Magnum rounds and has been produced in a number of variations with three basic barrel lengths (3" / 76 mm, 4" / 102 mm, and 6" / 152 mm), various barrel profiles (full lug and half lug), fixed or adjustable sights, and in blued carbon steel or polished stainless steel.

Description and features[edit]

The GP100 was an evolution of an earlier Ruger double action revolver, the Security Six. The first significant change was introduced with the Ruger Redhawk and that involved a new locking mechanism with a lever on the crane rather than using the end of the ejector rod to lock. Another change was the shape of the frame. Traditional revolver frames had exposed metal at the front and rear of the grips, with the frame determining the shape of the grips. This meant that to have a round butt concealed carry version and a square butt holster or target version of the same gun usually meant having two different frame shapes. The GP-100 series, instead, used a small rectangular "peg" grip large enough to enclose the hammer spring and strut. The grips could then be any shape desired, as long as they were large enough to enclose the peg. This was not a new innovation having been used by Dan Wesson and, to some degree, by High Standard revolvers that predated the GP100. The Dan Wesson patent (U.S. Patent 3,683,535) was granted in 1972 and Ruger's patent (U.S. Patent 4,625,445) was granted in 1986.

The stock grips are made of Santoprene, a soft, chemical resistant elastomer that helped absorb the recoil of firing. Panels on the side, made of black plastic, goncalo alves wood or rosewood, provide contrast to the flat black of the Santoprene. The grips are now Hogue one piece rubber grips standard. (Ruger Website)[3]

The GP-100 shared the crane lock from the Redhawk that was later used in the small frame SP-101 revolver. All of these models use the same thickness on the solid frame and double latching system as used on the heavy .44 Magnum. Because of these features, the GP-100 series is widely described as one of the strongest medium frame revolvers ever made.[3]

The GP100 is manufactured in .357 Magnum, .38 Special and .327 Federal Magnum calibers. Available Barrel lengths are 3" (76mm), 4.2" (107mm) and 6" (152mm) with partial or full length underlugs.[4] Blued Steel, or Stainless Steel finishes are available with stainless model numbers preceded by a "K". The Firing pin of the GP100 is mounted inside the frame. The Transfer bar of the GP100 is connected directly to the trigger. The transfer bar must be present between the hammer and the firing pin in order for the cartridge to be fired. The transfer bar only assumes the required position when the trigger is pulled completely rearward. GP100 models are available with fixed or adjustable sights. Fixed sight models are designated by a "F" suffix model number. When the cylinder is closed and the gun is at the point of firing, the cylinder crane is locked into the frame at the front and rear of the crane and by the cylinder lock at the bottom of the crane opening.The GP100 disassembles into three major modules with only limited use of tools. This allows the user to easily clean the revolver after shooting. The design of the gun eliminates the need for a frame "sideplate", a feature which contributes to the GP100's reputation for strength.[3]

Specifications[edit]

Major sub units of GP100 (KGP-141)
  • Weight: 2.2 lbs (1000 g 4", 1300 g 6") The type of sights and barrel profile affect the weight of the revolver. These are representative weights in the most common configurations.
  • Barrel lengths: 3" (76mm), 4.2" (107mm), 5" (127mm), and 6" (152mm).[4] The run of 5" GP100 revolvers was made for the distributor, Davidson's.[5]
  • Double Action. The GP100 may be fired by either cocking the hammer and subsequently pulling the trigger (a.k.a. Single Action), or by merely pulling the trigger when the hammer is not cocked.
  • Maximum effective range: 55 to 110 yards (50 to 100 meters) depending on barrel length, cartridge load, and additional optical sights. Projectiles from this weapon can still be dangerous up to several thousand yards from the muzzle under optimum conditions. The quoted range is more a function of the useful range of a typical handgun than a statement of the maximum lethal range of the projectiles.
  • 6-Shot .357 Magnum and .38 Special
  • 7-Shot .327 Federal Magnum

Models[edit]

Catalog Number Caliber[1] Barrel Length[4] Finish Sights Weight Shroud
GP-141 .357 Mag. 4.2" Blued Adj. sight 40 oz Full Shroud
GP-161 .357 Mag. 6" Blued Adj. sight 45 oz Full Shroud
GPF-840 .38 4" Blued Fixed sight 37 oz Half Shroud
GPF-841 .38 4" Blued Fixed sight 38 oz Full Shroud
KGP-141 .357 Mag. 4.2" Stainless Adj. sight 40 oz Full Shroud
KGP-151[2] .357 Mag. 5" Stainless Adj. sight 42 oz Full Shroud
KGP-161 .357 Mag. 6" Stainless Adj. sight 45 oz Full Shroud
KGPF-331 .357 Mag. 3" Stainless Fixed sight 36 oz Full Shroud
GPNY[3] .38 3" & 4" Stainless Fixed sight 36~37 oz Full Shroud
KGP-4327-7 .327 Fed. Mag. 4.2" Satin Stainless Adj. sight 40 oz Full Shroud

^ Caliber: .357 Magnum GP100's handle all .357 Magnum factory loads and accept factory .38 Special cartridges.
^ Not on CA DOJ approved list
^ Special design for the New York City Police Department in .38 with a spurless hammer, double-action only. Never issued to service officers. Ruger stainless double action only Service Six revolvers chambered in 38 Special were issued from July 1987 until approximately 1990-1991 when 9mm semi-automatics were phased in. Some Officers still carry the Stainless Spurless Ruger and Smith&Wesson revolvers by choice and are being phased out as they retire.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wilson, R. L.; G. Allan Brown (2008). Ruger & His Guns: A History of the Man, the Company and Their Firearms. Book Sales, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7858-2103-8. 
  1. ^ a b Peterson, Philip. Gun Digest Book of Modern Gun Values: The Shooter's Guide to Guns 1900 to Present (16th ed.). p. 242. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ruger GP100". Sturm, Ruger & Co., Inc. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Sweeney, Patrick (2007). Gun Digest Book of Ruger Pistols and Revolvers. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. pp. 172–174. ISBN 978-0-89689-472-3. 
  4. ^ a b c Ruger GP-100 Double-Action Revolver Models at Ruger.com
  5. ^ "Ruger GP100 Double Action Revolver". Gallery of Guns. Davidson's. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 

External links[edit]