Saidu Sharif

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Saidu Sharif
سيدو شريف
Town
Saidu Sharif -2012.JPG
Saidu Sharif is located in Pakistan
Saidu Sharif
Saidu Sharif
Location within Pakistan
Coordinates: 34°45′N 72°21′E / 34.750°N 72.350°E / 34.750; 72.350Coordinates: 34°45′N 72°21′E / 34.750°N 72.350°E / 34.750; 72.350
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
District Swat
Elevation 970 m (3,180 ft)

Saidu Sharif (Urdu: سیدو شریف) The main city in the Swat district is Mingoara, however the city of Saidu Sharif is widely regarded as an administrative hub for the Khyber Pakthunkhwa government.

It's GPS coordinates are 34°45'0N 72°21'0E and it has an altitude of 970 metres (3182 feet). Saidu sharif is a convenient location for government staff due to its proximity to larger cities in the Swat district and Malakand division.

Saidu Sharif has several government buildings, and archeological sites such as the Swat Museum, the Tomb of Akund and the archaeological remains of the Butkara Buddhist Stupa. It is also home to the Government Girls College, Govt Jehanzeb college, DIG, DC, and the Commissioner House.

Saidu Sharif Hospital

Languages and people[edit]

Languages of Kyber Pakhtunkha.jpg

Pashto is main language spoken in a specific Swati dialect. The Hindko dialect of Punjabi language is also spoken but by few. The town is largely underdeveloped and the population is largely uneducated. Major sections of the population can't understand English, however they may understand Urdu.

The Swat museum is on the east side of the street, halfway between Mingora and Saidu. Japanese aid has given a facelift to its seven galleries which now contain an excellent collection of Gandhara sculptures taken from some of the Buddhist sites in Swat. The galleries have been rearranged and labelled to illustrate the Buddha's life story.

Terracotta figurines and utensils, beads, precious stones, coins, weapons and various metal objects are present from ancient Gandhara. The ethnographic section displays the finest examples of local embroidery, carved wood and tribal jewelry. It is also under renovation with funds from the Pakistani-Italian debt swap agreement.

Jambil Valley[edit]

At Panrh (or Pahn) on the east side of the Jambil Khwarh are a stupa and a monastery from the 1st to 5th centuries AD. Further out at Loebanrh, on the west side, is an Aryan graveyard from the 2nd century BC and a 3rd to 4th century AD stupa. The roads can be dangerous in the monsoon season due to land sliding caused by water erosion.

Education[edit]

The largest college (P.G Jahanzeb college)of the district is situated here, built in 1952. Which offers MSc (to males and females), BSc and Fsc degrees (male only).[1] Saidu medical college was built here in 1998. which ranks third in the government medical colleges in the province.[2] On 7 July 2010 the first university of the district was established in this area. [3]

Since the rule of the Mian family in Saidu Sharif,[original research?] Swat has set excellent ground for education and infrastructure improving its image as a well preserve touristic site.[citation needed]

In the last few years, Swat has seen great changes in all aspects of its society including an increase in education,modern health care centres and a new university, along with private sector colleges.

The reason that capital investment, aid, and charity, isn't predominant in Saidu Sharif is because the government views other cities as a more worthwhile investment due to the myriad of problems in this district.[citation needed][original research?]

Archeological sites[edit]

Butkara (Butkada) Stupa

One of the most important Buddhist shrines in Swat, is near the museum. The stupa, which dates from the 2nd century BC, was possibly built by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka to house some of the ashes of the Buddha. In subsequent centuries, it was enlarged five times by encasing the existing structure in a new shell.

Italian excavators working in 1955, exposed the successive layers of the stupa, each layer illustrating a stage in the evolution of building techniques.[4]

Saidu Sharif in Panorama View 2012.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

http://education.yahoo.com/reference/encyclopedia/entry/Swat