Salt River (Wyoming)

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This article is about the river in Wyoming. For other uses, see Salt River (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 43°10′02″N 111°03′52″W / 43.16722°N 111.06444°W / 43.16722; -111.06444
Salt River
Part-of-Snake-River-in-Wyom.png
Map of Salt, Greys and Hoback River showing the Salt
Country United States
State Wyoming
Source
 - location Mount Wagner, Salt River Range, Wyoming
 - coordinates 42°35′38″N 110°48′08″W / 42.59389°N 110.80222°W / 42.59389; -110.80222 [1]
Mouth Palisades Reservoir
 - location Alpine, Wyoming
 - coordinates 43°10′02″N 111°03′52″W / 43.16722°N 111.06444°W / 43.16722; -111.06444 [1]
Length 84 mi (135 km) [2]
Basin 890 sq mi (2,000 km2)

The Salt River is an 84-mile-long (135 km)[2] river draining a valley in Lincoln County in western Wyoming. It is named for several exposed beds of salt and briny salt springs of up 60% pure salt in Idaho that drains into the Salt River via Stump Creek.[3][4] The Salt River valley was a popular destination for Indians and later pioneers seeking salt and game. The headwaters of the river are below 10,472-foot (3,192 m) Mount Wagner[5] in the Salt River Range. The river flows west out of the mountains and then northward along the border of Wyoming and Idaho. It passes 6,600-foot (2,000 m) Smoot, Wyoming and then meanders through the mostly agricultural Star Valley, being joined by numerous creeks along the way, to its confluence with the Snake River near the town of Alpine (elevation 5,600 feet (1,700 m)).

The Salt River watershed drains about 890 square miles (2,300 km2) of the western part of the Salt River Range in Wyoming and the eastern part of the Caribou Range of Idaho. The Greys River, draining part of the eastern side of the Salt River Range, joins the Snake River just a few miles east of the mouth of the Salt River.

About halfway along its course, the Salt River passes through a section known as the "Narrows", where it cuts between two ridges that divide Star Valley into an upper and lower valleys. The river's mouth is now inundated by the reservoir of the Palisades Dam in Idaho during high water. Paralleling the Salt River is Wyoming Highway 89 leading north to Teton and Yellowstone National Park.

The river is an excellent source for fly fishing for brook, rainbow, cutthroat and brown trout. The state ranks the Salt River Class 2 (red) – Very good trout waters – fisheries of statewide importance.[6]

History[edit]

Prior to about 1890, during the summer the Salt River valley was often visited by several different Indian tribes who valued its bountiful game, fish and salt. Starting from about 1810 to 1840 it and its many tributaries was trapped in the spring and fall by numerous trappers seeking its often plentiful beaver, muskrats and other fur and game. From about 1858 to 1910 the Lander Road of the Oregon and California Trail paralleled much of the river from above Smoot to Auburn, Wyoming. Starting in 1866 to about 1880 an extensive salt works called the Oneida Salt Works dried the salt from some of these salt springs and sold it to miners, ranchers etc. in Wyoming, Idaho and Montana. They closed down operations in the winter. Before about 1879 when settlers first started wintering over in the high upland valley later called Star Valley people left for warmer places to spend the winter.

Some of the river's tributaries include Cottonwood, Stump, Willow, Strawberry, Cedar, Jackknife, and Dry creeks. Towns near the river progressing north include Smoot, Fairview, Afton, Grover, Auburn, Turnerville, Bedford, Thayne, Star Valley Ranch, Freedom, Etna, and Alpine.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Salt River
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed May 4, 2011
  3. ^ Salt River Name, Stump Creek [1] accessed 28 Jan 2010
  4. ^ Stump Creek pictures [2] accessed 9 Feb 2010
  5. ^ Mount Wagner Wyo.[3] accessed 28 Jan 2010
  6. ^ Salt River fishing [4] accessed 28 Jan 2010
  7. ^ Tributaries and cities derived from USGS topo maps and Google maps