Samuil's Fortress, Ohrid

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Samuil's Fortress
Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia
Fortaleza de Samuel, Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 53.JPG
The fortress of Tsar Samuil
Samuil's Fortress is located in Republic of Macedonia
Samuil's Fortress
Samuil's Fortress
Coordinates 41°06′54″N 20°47′28″E / 41.115°N 20.791°E / 41.115; 20.791
Type Castle
Site information
Controlled by Samuel of Bulgaria
Open to
the public
Site history
Built 4th century B.C.
Built by Phillip II of Macedon
Materials Limestone

Samuil's Fortress (Macedonian: Самуилова тврдина) is a fortress in the old town of Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. It was the capital of the First Bulgarian Empire[1] during the rule of Samuil in the Middle Ages. Today, this historical monument is a major tourist attraction and was renovated in 2003.

According to recent excavations by Macedonian archaeologists, it was contended that this fortress was built on the place of an earlier fortification, dated to the 4th century BCE, which was probably built by King Phillip II of Macedon.[2]



  1. ^ Bulgarian Folk Customs by Mercia MacDermott, 1998, ISBN 1-85302-485-6, page 26: "... one of these brothers, Samuil, proclaimed himself Tsar, with his capital at Ohrid.
  2. ^ "Culture — Republic of Мacedonia". Retrieved 2008-10-13. 

See also[edit]