Sarh

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Sarh
Sarh is located in Chad
Sarh
Sarh
Location in Chad (Moyen-Chari region highlighted)
Coordinates: 09°09′N 18°23′E / 9.150°N 18.383°E / 9.150; 18.383Coordinates: 09°09′N 18°23′E / 9.150°N 18.383°E / 9.150; 18.383
Country  Chad
Region Moyen-Chari Region
Department Barh Köh
Sub-Prefecture Sarh
Elevation 347 m (1,138 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 103,269
Time zone +1

Sarh, formerly French colonial Fort Archambault, is the capital of Moyen-Chari Region and of the Department of Barh Köh, in Chad, Central Africa.

Geography[edit]

Sarh is located on the Chari River, 350 miles (560 km) southeast of the capital city N'Djamena. It was named after the Sara people of southern Chad.[1]

It is the third largest city in Chad, after N'Djamena and Moundou

History[edit]

Fort Archambault (Sarh) was founded by the colonial French Equatorial Africa, for returnees from the labour camps associated with the construction of the Congo-Ocean Railway. A significantly large textiles complex was constructed by the French in Sarh in 1967.

The residents of Sarh suffered a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in 1990.[2]

Economy[edit]

Sarh is now a major transport hub. It is served by the Sarh Airport (IATA airport code SRH).

It is a center for the cotton industry, due to its warm and seasonally wet climate. It is also an important center for commercial fishing in the Chari River.

The city is known as a center of nightlife in the region. Attractions in the city include the Sarh National Museum.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sarh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 37
(98)
38
(101)
40
(104)
39
(102)
36
(97)
33
(92)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(92)
36
(97)
37
(98)
35.1
(95.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(62)
18
(65)
22
(71)
24
(76)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(71)
21
(70)
22
(71)
22
(71)
19
(67)
17
(62)
20.9
(69.5)
Precipitation cm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(0.3)
3.8
(1.5)
10.4
(4.1)
14.2
(5.6)
22.6
(8.9)
31
(12.2)
22.6
(8.9)
8.1
(3.2)
0.3
(0.1)
0
(0)
113.8
(44.8)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[4]
1993 75,496
2008 108,061

Education[edit]

Fort Archambault bridge, in 1926.

Sarh is home to various educational institutions:

High schools[edit]

LycéesHigh schools include:

Universities[edit]

  • IUSAES—Institut Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques et de l'Environnement de Sarh — a tertiary college, established in 1997.
  • University of Sarh — a public university, established in 2010
  • ISMEA—Institute of Science of Management and Economic Applied — founded by NGOs, established in 2008.


Twin towns—Sister cities[edit]

Sarh is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ The 1990 meningococcal meningitis epidemic of Sarh (Chad): how useful was an earlier mass vaccination?
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Sarh, Chad". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  4. ^ World Gazetteer: Chad
  5. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.