Sarh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sarh
Sarh is located in Chad
Sarh
Sarh
Location in Chad (Moyen-Chari region highlighted)
Coordinates: 09°09′N 18°23′E / 9.150°N 18.383°E / 9.150; 18.383Coordinates: 09°09′N 18°23′E / 9.150°N 18.383°E / 9.150; 18.383
Country  Chad
Region Moyen-Chari Region
Department Barh Köh
Sub-Prefecture Sarh
Elevation 347 m (1,138 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 103,269
Time zone +1

Sarh (formerly Fort Archambault) is the third largest city in Chad, after N'Djamena and Moundou. It is the capital of Moyen-Chari region and the department of Barh Köh. It lies 350 miles (560 km) southeast of the capital Ndjamena on the Chari River. It was named after the Sara people of southern Chad.[1]

Sarh was founded under the French for returnees from the labour camps associated with the construction of the Congo-Ocean Railway. A significantly large textiles complex was constructed in 1967 and it is now a major transport hub and centre for the cotton industry due to its favourably warm and seasonally wet climate, as well as an important centre for commercial fishing. It is also known for its nightlife. Attractions in the city include the Sarh National Museum, and it is also home to Sarh Airport (IATA airport code SRH).

The residents of Sarh suffered a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in 1990.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sarh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 37
(98)
38
(101)
40
(104)
39
(102)
36
(97)
33
(92)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(92)
36
(97)
37
(98)
35.1
(95.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(62)
18
(65)
22
(71)
24
(76)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(71)
21
(70)
22
(71)
22
(71)
19
(67)
17
(62)
20.9
(69.5)
Precipitation cm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(0.3)
3.8
(1.5)
10.4
(4.1)
14.2
(5.6)
22.6
(8.9)
31
(12.2)
22.6
(8.9)
8.1
(3.2)
0.3
(0.1)
0
(0)
113.8
(44.8)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[4]
1993 75,496
2008 108,061

Education[edit]

In 1926

Sarh is home to several educational institutions including, since 1997, a tertiary college.

High schools (Lycées)

IUT:

  • IUSAES - [Institut Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques et de l'Environnement de Sarh]
created in 1997. In 2010 a public University was created, University of SARH.
  • ISMEA - Institute of Science of Management and Economic Applied founded in 2008 by NGOs

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Sarh is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ The 1990 meningococcal meningitis epidemic of Sarh (Chad): how useful was an earlier mass vaccination?
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Sarh, Chad". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  4. ^ World Gazetteer: Chad
  5. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.