Sarmila Bose (born July 4, 1959, Boston, Massachusetts) is a British academic and senior research associate at the Centre for International Studies at Oxford University. She is the author of the controversial book, Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War and of Money, energy, and welfare : the state and the household in India's rural electrification policy, published by Oxford University Press in 1993.
Her parents were Sisir Kumar Bose, a pediatrician and Krishna Bose, professor of English, writer and politician. Her paternal grandfather Sarat Chandra Bose was a barrister and a nationalist leader of distinction. Her mother's two uncles were writer Nirad Chaudhuri and pioneer pediatrician K. C. Chaudhuri. Her two brothers are well-known academicians: Sugata Bose, a noted historian of South Asia and Indian Ocean history, is the Gardiner Professor of Oceanic History, and Sumantra Bose, professor of international and comparative politics at the London School of Economics.