Satara (city)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Satara)
Jump to: navigation, search
For the moth genus, see Satara (moth).
Satara
सातारा
SHAHUNAGARI
City
Clockwise from top: Chaarbhinti, Natraj Mandir, The name of the city 'Satara' in three different scripts: Modi, Devnagri and Latin; Kshetra Mahuli, Ajinkyatara Fort, and the panorama of Satara city.
Clockwise from top: Chaarbhinti, Natraj Mandir, The name of the city 'Satara' in three different scripts: Modi, Devnagri and Latin; Kshetra Mahuli, Ajinkyatara Fort, and the panorama of Satara city.
Satara is located in Maharashtra
Satara
Satara
Coordinates: 17°41′29″N 74°00′03″E / 17.69139°N 74.00092°E / 17.69139; 74.00092Coordinates: 17°41′29″N 74°00′03″E / 17.69139°N 74.00092°E / 17.69139; 74.00092
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Satara
Area
 • Total 22.48 km2 (8.68 sq mi)
Elevation 742 m (2,434 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 120,079
Demonym Satarkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 415 00x
Telephone code 02162
Vehicle registration MH-11
Website www.satara.nic.in

Satara (About this sound pronunciation ; Marathi: सातारा]: Satara in Modi Script.jpg) is a city located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India. The city is 2320 ft. above sea-level, near the confluence of the river Krishna and its tributary river Venna. The city was established in the 16th century, and it was one of the capital of the Maratha Empire and it is the seat of Raja Of Satara. It is one of the historical cities of Maharashtra. This city is the headquarter of Satara Tehsil, as well as Satara District.

Toponymy[edit]

The name of the city is derived from the seven hills surrounding the city. Saat (सात) meaning seven in Marathi and Tara (तारा) meaning hill, thus forming the word 'Satara'. Historians agree that the name of the city has its origins in the seven hills overlooking the city. The seven hills are Ajinkyatara, Sajjangad, Yawateshwar, Jarandeshwar, Nakdicha Dongar, Kitlicha Dongar, and Pedhyacha Bhairoba.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Ancient[edit]

The oldest Dynasty ruling Satara is said to be the Rashtrakutas. The oldest Rashtrakutas are believed to be from ancient Kuntala in the valley of river Krishna. King Manank ruled from 350 – 375 CE. and had built his capital in Maanpur (now Maan in Satara district). The Vakatakas of Vidarbha, another Rashtrakuta rulers were in conflict with Manank. Subsequently, the Rashtrakutas became feudatories to the Chalukyas and came into prominence under Dantidurga around 753 CE.

The empire of Chandragupta II, known as Mahendraditya Kumargupta I, extended as far as Satara district in Deccan when he ruled between 451 and 455 AD. The Mauryan empire in the Deccan was followed by the rule of Satavahans for about two centuries between 550 and 750 AD.

Medieval[edit]

The first Muslim invasion of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636 the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663 Shivaji conquered Parali and Satara fort. After the death of Shivaji, Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Azam Shah conquered Satara fort (Ajinkyatara) after a 6 month siege, later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708 Chattrapati Shahu, the son of Chhatrapati Sambhaji, was crowned on the Satara fort. The direct descendents of Raja Shivaji continue to live in Satara. Udayanraje Bhonsle is the 13th descendent of Shivaji Maharaj.Dundle is the Sardar Of Chhatrpati Shivaji Maharaj.

British[edit]

After their victory in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, the British Empire annexed most of the Maratha territory to Bombay Presidency, but restored the titular Raja Pratap Singh, and assigned to him the principality of Satara, an area much larger than the present district. As a result of political intrigues, he was deposed in 1839, and his brother Shahji Raja was placed on the throne. This prince died without any male heirs, and as a result Satara was eventually annexed by the British government, and added to Bombay Presidency.

In 1930 several young leaders Yashwantrao Chavan, Dhulappa Navale, Swami Ramanand Bharti, V.S. Page and Gaurihar Sihasane took part in the Civil Disobedience Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1940 individual sathyagraha was limited, symbolic and non-violent in nature and it was let to Mahatma Gandhi to choose the satyagrahis. Acharya Vinoba Bhave was the first individual satyagrahi of Mahatma Gandhi and in Satara District region Dhulappa Bhaurao Navale was the first individual satyagrahi. He made his satyagraha in Bhilawadi.

In 1940 the British Government interned several hundred German families on an unused military base in Satara; a few Jewish families from Germany were also interned in the camp and were treated by the British authorities as though they were in every material respect Germans. After the war many of the Germans were sent back to Germany. In the summer of 1946 the Jewish families, along with a few German families, were given permission to remain in India and the Sarara camp was closed.(Personal recollection of contributor.)

During the independence struggle, a type of parallel government known as Prati Sarkar came into existence. The people of Satara, under the leadership of Krantisinha Nana Patil, ousted the British officials and took power into their hands. During Quit India Movement of 1942, this parallel government replaced British government for 4.5 years from August 1943 to May 1946. Similar ousters of British power in other areas, led to the formation of similar Parallel Governments in Midnapore in West Bengal and Purnia in Uttar Pradesh.

Features[edit]

  • Satara is well known for its sweet: kandi pedhe.
  • This city was one of the capitals of the Maratha Empire.
  • Also, this city was one of the centers of Indian Independence Movement.
  • It is situated near confluence of two rivers: Krishna and Venna.
  • Satara City has a unique statue of Shivaji standing near a canon at Powai Naka; most of the statues elsewhere depict Shivaji riding on a horse.
  • Kas plateau / Flower plateau is now a World Natural Heritage site.[1]

Geography[edit]

View of Satara City at sunset from Chaarbhinti (Clicked at 11 December 2010; 1815 hrs.(IST)

Satara is located at 17°41′N 73°59′E / 17.68°N 73.98°E / 17.68; 73.98.[2] It has an average elevation of 742 metres (2434 feet). Its location can be best described as 'Heart of the Western Maharashtra', because it is a connecting city to main cities and towns like Pune, Solapur, Sangli, Kolhapur, Karad, Baramati.

Satara is located in the western part of Maharashtra. Satara district is bounded by Pune district to the north, Solapur district to the east, Sangli district to the south and Ratnagiri district to the west. Raigad district lies to its north-west. Satara District has an area of 10,480 km², and a population of 2,796,906 (2001).

The Sahyadri range, separates the district from Ratnagiri on the western side. The black rock Mahadeo range starts about 10 m north of Mahabaleshwar and stretches east and south-east across the whole of the district

The main rivers of Satara district are Koyna and Krishna. The Krishna is one of the three largest sacred rivers of southern India. Approximately 172 km of the river course falls inside the district. The Krishna river begins on the eastern brow of the Mahabaleshwar plateau and the source is about 4500 ft. above sea level. Kudali, Urmodi, Venna and Tarali are small feeder rivers (tributaries) of Krishna. Koyna is the largest tributary of the Krishna in the district. These two rivers met each other in Karad; There is formed a famous place called "Pritisangam". Neera and Manganga rivers are the two representative of the Bhima drainage in the north and north-eastern parts of the district respectively. Saigaon is one of the Village in Jawali Taluka which is located in Satara district.Mahadare Tale (Lake) is located at the western part of the Satara city.It is the source of drinking water from British time.

Climate[edit]

Satara City is surrounded by seven hills. Since it is in hilly area, its climate is tropical wet and dry. The temperature of Satara City is varies in the range 33 °C-38 °C in Summer and 5 °C-20 °C in winter. Due to Monsoon, we can experience the rainy season between the period June to early October. In this area, near about 1000 mm rainfall occurs during monsoon.

Climate data for Satara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
30.8
(87.4)
34.6
(94.3)
36.3
(97.3)
34.8
(94.6)
29.4
(84.9)
25.4
(77.7)
25.7
(78.3)
27.2
(81)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
28.4
(83.1)
30.08
(86.13)
Average low °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
15.8
(60.4)
19.2
(66.6)
21.7
(71.1)
22.8
(73)
21.8
(71.2)
21.1
(70)
20.5
(68.9)
20.1
(68.2)
19.7
(67.5)
16.7
(62.1)
11.4
(52.5)
18.64
(65.56)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.1
(0.122)
1.3
(0.051)
3.3
(0.13)
18.3
(0.72)
34.8
(1.37)
134.4
(5.291)
370.3
(14.579)
296.9
(11.689)
125.0
(4.921)
81.5
(3.209)
49.3
(1.941)
6.9
(0.272)
1,125.1
(44.295)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Tourism[edit]

Bamnoli Boating View

The famous tourist points near Satara City are:

  • Ajinkyatara Fort (अजिंक्यतारा किल्ला)
  • Sajjangad Fort (सज्जनगड किल्ला)
  • Chaarbhinti (चारभिंती)
  • Natraj Mandir (नटराज मंदिर)
  • Bhairoba Hill (भैरोबाची टेकडी)
  • Village of Warriors (Apshinge M.)
  • Kuraneshwar (कुरणेश्वर)
  • Jarandeshwar (जरंडेश्वर)
  • Yawateshwar (यवतेश्वर)
  • Kas Lake and Kas plateau (कास तलाव आणि कास पठार)
  • Bamnoli (बामणोली)
  • Thoseghar Waterfalls (ठोसेघर धबधबा)
  • Chalkewadi (चाळकेवाडी)
  • Rajwada (राजवाडा)
  • Sangam Mahuli (संगममाहुली)
  • Kshetra Mahuli (क्षेत्रमाहुली)
  • Vajrai Waterfall (वजराई धबधबा)
  • Pateshwar, 11 km from Satara, known for its Shiva shrines
  • Gojegaon (of Ghorpade) (From satara city 12 km a village having old village inside of the new setup of village on the bank of river Krishna which gives a view of earlier history of people house setup in village)
A view of Narayan Maharaj Math from Shembdi Vaghali-Bamnoli Road
A Sunset view from Naryan Maharaj Math, Bamnoli
  • Chaphal [Shree Ram Mandir, Near Patan][3]
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Meuseum,Satara

Entertainment[edit]

There are seven cinema talkies in Satara.

  • Radhika Cinema [2 screens]
  • Rajlaxmi talkies[70, AC]
  • Samarth talkies
  • Seven Star Multiplex [4 screens]
  • krishna talkies
  • Jay Vijay talkies
  • Matoshree Park Multiplex [2 screens]

There are four Auditoriums in Satara

  • Shahu Kala Mandir[AC,1000 SEATS]
  • Yashwantrao Chavan Sabhagruha[AC,1200 SEATS]
  • Maha Sainik Bhavan
  • Sainik School Auditorium

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[4] Satara had a population of 120,079; males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Satara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Satara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Marathi is the native & widely spoken languages.English,Kannada,Gujarati are also spoken. Like other large cities Satara city is divided into three parts Urban area,Suburban areas,Industrial area. Suburban areas include SadarBazaar, Shahupuri, Shahunagar, Karanje, Godoli,Kodoli, Krishnanagar,Sangamnagar,Saidapur, Sangam mahuli,Kshetra mahuli,Vadhe, Kondave,Khed,Jakatwadi.Out of these only sadar bazaar is under municipal boundaries rest all are out of municipal boundaries.out of which Shahupuri=30,000 population kodoli=27,000 population godoli= 23,000 population shahunagar=25,000 population khed=15,000 population saidapur=13,000 population mahuli=7,000 population which are still out of municipal boundaries and under proposal to take under municipal boundaries. Maharashtra state's sex ratio is 883 girls per 1000 boys, and Satara fares worse still at 881, in spite of the high level of literacy.[5]

Education[edit]

Podar International School,founded in 2010 by Dr. Pavan Podar and the best school in Maharastra.url=http://www.podareducation.org

Industry[edit]

At present city is emerging as fastest growing industrial city. As Pune city is very near to Satara, the industrial growth of the city is increasing. There are already two large MIDC's near the city having number of industries.Now there will be third MIDC near the city in Degaon which will be 5 star MIDC.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mulla, Mohsin (4 July 2012). "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily". Dnaindia.com. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Satara.
  3. ^ Chaphal details. virajtravels.in
  4. ^ Cities having population 1 lakh and above. censusindia.gov.in
  5. ^ Babu, Chaya. 285 Indian girls no longer called "unwanted". Associated Press via MSNBC. 22 October 2011
  6. ^ "Rayat Shikshan Sanstha – History". Rayat Shikshan Sanstha. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Paul H. von Tucher: Nationalism: Case and crisis in Missions – German Missions in British India 1939 – 1946. Diss. Erlangen 1980. Author's edition Erlangen/Germany 1980.
  • Wilhelm Filchner: Life of a Researcher (chapter XXIII). Wilhelm Filchner was interned from September 1941 until November 1946 in the Parole Camp in Satara. Later on he lived in Poona in the Maharashtra state of India.
  • Selections from the Historical Records of the Hereditary Minister of Baroda. Consisting of letters from Bombay, Baroda, Poona and Satara Governments. Collected by B. A. Gupte. Calcutta 1922.
  • Malik, S. C. Stone Age Industries of the Bombay & Satara Districts, M. Sayajirao University Baroda 1959.
  • Irawati Karve, Jayant Sadashiv Randadive, The Social Dynamics of a Growing Town and Its Surrounding Area. Deccan College, 1965, Poona. ISBN B0000CQW3J
  • Valunjkar, T. N. Social Organization, Migration & Change in a Village Community, Deccan College Poona 1966.

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.