|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2014)|
|• Total||22.48 km2 (8.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||742 m (2,434 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Satara ( pronunciation (help·info) is a city located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India. The city is 2320 ft. above sea-level, near the confluence of the river Krishna and its tributary river Venna. The city was established in the 16th century and was the seat of Raja of Satara. This city is the headquarter of Satara Tehsil, as well as Satara District.
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The oldest Dynasty ruling Satara is said to be the Rashtrakutas. The oldest Rashtrakutas are believed to be from ancient Kuntala in the valley of river Krishna. King Manank ruled from 350 – 375 CE. and had built his capital in Maanpur (now Maan in Satara district). The Vakatakas of Vidarbha, another Rashtrakuta rulers were in conflict with Manank. Subsequently, the Rashtrakutas became feudatories to the Chalukyas and came into prominence under Dantidurga around 753 CE.
The empire of Chandragupta II, known as Mahendraditya Kumargupta I, extended as far as Satara district in Deccan when he ruled between 451 and 455 AD. The Mauryan empire in the Deccan was followed by the rule of Satavahans for about two centuries between 550 and 750 AD.
The first Muslim invasion of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636 the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663 Shivaji conquered Parali and Satara fort. After the death of Shivaji, Shahu Shivaji, Heir Apparent to Maratha Kingdom, captured by Mughals when we was only seven years old, remained their prisoner till the death of his father in 1700. The Dowager Maharani Tarabai proclaimed his younger half-brother, and her son, Shahu Sambhaji as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency. Mughals released Shahu with some conditions in 1707, so that Marathas would face an internal war for the throne. Shahu returned to Maratha empire and claimed his inheritance. Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Azam Shah conquered Satara fort (Ajinkyatara) after a 6 month siege, later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708 Chattrapati Shahu, the son of Chhatrapati Sambhaji, was crowned on the Satara fort. The direct descendents of Raja Shivaji continue to live in Satara. Udayanraje Bhonsle is the 13th descendent of Shivaji Maharaj.Dundle is the Sardar Of Chhatrpati Shivaji Maharaj. 
After their victory in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, the British Empire annexed most of the Maratha territory to Bombay Presidency, but restored the titular Raja Pratap Singh, and assigned to him the principality of Satara, an area much larger than the present district. As a result of political intrigues, he was deposed in 1839, and his brother Shahji Raja was placed on the throne. This prince died without any male heirs, and as a result Satara was eventually annexed by the British government, and added to Bombay Presidency.
In 1930 several young leaders Yashwantrao Chavan, Dhulappa Navale, Swami Ramanand Bharti, V.S. Page and Gaurihar Sihasane took part in the Civil Disobedience Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1940 individual sathyagraha was limited, symbolic and non-violent in nature and it was let to Mahatma Gandhi to choose the satyagrahis. Acharya Vinoba Bhave was the first individual satyagrahi of Mahatma Gandhi and in Satara District region Dhulappa Bhaurao Navale was the first individual satyagrahi. He made his satyagraha in Bhilawadi.
In 1940 the British Government interned several hundred German families on an unused military base in Satara; a few Jewish families from Germany were also interned in the camp and were treated by the British authorities as though they were in every material respect Germans. After the war many of the Germans were sent back to Germany. In the summer of 1946 the Jewish families, along with a few German families, were given permission to remain in India and the Sarara camp was closed.(Personal recollection of contributor.)
During the independence struggle, a type of parallel government known as Prati Sarkar came into existence. The people of Satara, under the leadershi p of Krantisinha Nana Patil, ousted the British officials and took power into their hands. During Quit India Movement of 1942, this parallel government replaced British government for 4.5 years from August 1943 to May 1946. Similar ousters of British power in other areas, led to the formation of similar Parallel Governments in Midnapore in West Bengal and Purnia in Uttar Pradesh.
- Satara is well known for its sweet: kandi pedhe.
- This city was one of the capitals of the Maratha Empire.
- Also, this city was one of the centers of Indian Independence Movement.
- It is situated near confluence of two rivers: Krishna and Venna.
- Satara City has a unique statue of Shivaji standing near a canon at Powai Naka; most of the statues elsewhere depict Shivaji riding on a horse.
- Kas plateau / Flower plateau is now a World Natural Heritage site.
- The scheme of Insurance was also started in satara by vimamaharshi Annasaheb Chirmulyani.
- Satara city consists of junction known as powai naka where 8 roads meet .
- India's first Sainik School is also located in Satara city.
- Radhika Cinema (2 screens)
- Rajlaxmi Talkies (AC /70)
- Seven Star Cinema(4 screens)
- Samarth Talkies
- Matoshree Park Multiplex(2 screens)
- Jayvijay Talkies
- Shahukala Mandir(1000 seats)
- Yashvantrao Chavan Sabhaghruha(1200 seats)
- Sainik School Auditoriom
- Maha Sainik Bhavan Sabhagruha
- D Mart
- Vishal Mega Mart
- Satara City Business Center
Satara is located in the western part of Maharashtra. Satara district is bounded by Pune district to the north, Solapur district to the east, Sangli district to the south and Ratnagiri district to the west. Raigad district lies to its north-west. Satara District has an area of 10,480 km², and a population of 2,796,906 (2001).
Satara City is surrounded by seven hills. Since it is in hilly area, its climate is tropical wet and dry. The temperature of Satara City is varies in the range 33 °C-38 °C in Summer and 5 °C-20 °C in winter. Due to Monsoon, we can experience the rainy season between the period June to early October. In this area, near about 1000 mm rainfall occurs during monsoon.
|Climate data for Satara|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.5
|Average low °C (°F)||12.9
|Precipitation mm (inches)||3.1
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
The famous tourist points near Satara City are:
- Ajinkyatara Fort (अजिंक्यतारा किल्ला)
- Chandan Vandan Fort
- Sajjangad Fort (सज्जनगड किल्ला)
- Chaarbhinti (चारभिंती)
- Natraj Mandir (नटराज मंदिर)
- Bhairoba Hill (भैरोबाची टेकडी)
- Village of Warriors (Apshinge M.)
- Kuraneshwar (कुरणेश्वर)
- Jarandeshwar (जरंडेश्वर)
- Yawateshwar (यवतेश्वर)
- Kas Lake and Kas plateau (कास तलाव आणि कास पठार)
- Bamnoli (बामणोली)
- Thoseghar Waterfalls (ठोसेघर धबधबा)
- Chalkewadi (चाळकेवाडी)
- Rajwada (राजवाडा)
- Sangam Mahuli (संगममाहुली)
- Kshetra Mahuli (क्षेत्रमाहुली)
- Vajrai Waterfall (वजराई धबधबा)
- Pateshwar, 11 km from Satara, known for its Shiva shrines
- Gojegaon (of Ghorpade) (From satara city 12 km a village having old village inside of the new setup of village on the bank of river Krishna which gives a view of earlier history of people house setup in village)
As of 2011 India census, Satara had a population of 120,079; males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Satara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Satara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Marathi is the native & widely spoken languages.English,Kannada,Gujarati are also spoken. Like other large cities Satara city is divided into three parts Urban area,Suburban areas,Industrial area. Suburban areas include SadarBazaar, Shahupuri, Shahunagar, Karanje, Godoli,Kodoli, Krishnanagar,Sangamnagar,Saidapur, Sangam mahuli,Kshetra mahuli,Vadhe, Kondave,Khed,Jakatwadi.Out of these only sadar bazaar is under municipal boundaries rest all are out of municipal boundaries.out of which Shahupuri=30,000 population kodoli=27,000 population godoli= 23,000 population shahunagar=25,000 population khed=15,000 population saidapur=13,000 population mahuli=7,000 population which are still out of municipal boundaries and under proposal to take under municipal boundaries. Maharashtra state's sex ratio is 883 girls per 1000 boys, and Satara fares worse still at 881, in spite of the high level of literacy.
- Mulla, Mohsin (4 July 2012). "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily". Dnaindia.com.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Satara.
- Chaphal details. virajtravels.in
- Cities having population 1 lakh and above. censusindia.gov.in
- Babu, Chaya. 285 Indian girls no longer called "unwanted". Associated Press via MSNBC. 22 October 2011
- Paul H. von Tucher: Nationalism: Case and crisis in Mission – German Missions in British India 1939 – 1946 Diss. Erlangen 1980. Author's edition Erlangen/Germany 1980. Read SATARA.
- Wilhelm Filchner: Life of a Researcher (chapter XXIII). Wilhelm Filchner was interned from September 1941 until November 1946 in the Parole Camp in Satara. Later on he lived in Poona in the Maharashtra state of India.
- Selections from the Historical Records of the Hereditary Minister of Baroda. Consisting of letters from Bombay, Baroda, Poona and Satara Governments. Collected by B. A. Gupte. Calcutta 1922.
- Malik, S. C. Stone Age Industries of the Bombay & Satara Districts, M. Sayajirao University Baroda 1959.
- Irawati Karve, Jayant Sadashiv Randadive, The Social Dynamics of a Growing Town and Its Surrounding Area. Deccan College, 1965, Poona. ISBN B0000CQW3J
- Valunjkar, T. N. Social Organization, Migration & Change in a Village Community, Deccan College Poona 1966.
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