It has its origins in a Scottish standing committee set up in 1907 to consider the Committee Stage of exclusively Scottish Bills. Its remit was widened in 1948 to include consideration of Bills "in relation to their principle" and up to six days of Estimates debates. In 1957 up to 2 days of Matter Day debates was added and Committee Stage consideration was transferred to a small Scottish Standing Committee.
In July 1994, a number of new procedures were introduced in the SGC which provided for:-
half-hour adjournment debates at the end of each sitting (chosen by ballot)
the power to meet in Scotland
The Scottish Grand Committee's function is to oversee UK Parliament Bills specific to Scotland. However, since the creation of the Scottish Parliament none has been presented, and consequently the Committee has met only occasionally since. It is not a defunct body, however, as it is still theoretically possible for a Scotland-only UK Parliament Bill. The Committee last met in November 2003. For several years it met in New Parliament House in Edinburgh. The retention of the Scottish Grand Committee was agreed by the House of Commons on 21 October 1999.