Securities industry in China

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Securities industry in China is an article on the securities industry in mainland China.

History[edit]

  • 1995, China’s first joint venture investment bank – China International Capital Corp (CICC) was established, shareholders included Morgan Stanley International.
  • March 2002, Changjiang Securities and BNP Paribas signed the Sino-foreign joint venture securities companies’ framework agreement, establishing the first joint-venture securities company after China entered the WTO.
  • June 2002, China Securities Regulatory Commission issued the “Establishment of Securities Companies with Foreign Equity Participation Rules”, setting the maximum stake at 33% for foreign joint venture partners. The measure was implemented on July 1, 2002.
  • 2004, Goldman Sachs Group joined with Gao Hua Securities to establish a joint venture Goldman Sachs Gao Hua Securities in order to enter China market.
  • September 2005, UBS Restructuring of Beijing Securities Project, preparation of UBS Securities was approved by the State Council. This was the first time for mainland to allow foreign institutions to own the management rights of mainland securities companies. This was also the first case for foreign institute to own the mainland securities license.
  • September 2006, China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) announced a suspension on approval of new securities companies (including foreign-invested securities companies) and commercial offices.
  • May 2007, in the Second Sino-US Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED), Chinese Government promised to resume approval of new securities companies and declare a gradual expansion in the business scope of joint venture securities companies before the Third SED.
  • December 2007, SCRC announced the resume of approval of Joint-venture securities companies and qualified securities companies can apply to set up.[1]
  • July 2007, CSRC announced a new regulatory classification base on securities companies risk managing ability and classified them into A (AAA, AA, A), B (BBB,BB, B), C(CCC, CC, C), D and E 11 classes.
  • December 2007, SCRC started to launch business license management on securities companies which indicate that securities companies’ ability on risk management will directly affect their capability in business scope, especially in the innovation business license[2]
  • 2007, 17 brokerages received A-class rating, in which 2 of them are AA while 15 are A in rating.
  • July 2008, 31 brokerages received A-class rating, in which 10 of them are AA while 21 are A in rating.
  • May 26, 2009, CSRC announced a new securities regulatory classification in order to improve the existing classification criteria of securities companies. Under new regulation, 30 brokerages received A-class rating, 58 in B-class rating and 17 in C-class rating.
  • China’s securities companies are facing more fierce competitors from outside investors. Goldman Sachs, UBS and many other international foreign institutions started to set up joint venture securities companies in China.[3]

Regulation[edit]

In mainland China, the China Securities Regulatory Commission is the primary regulator; however, it has delegated certain activities to a self-regulatory organization called the Securities Association of China (SAC).

Mainland China began an IPO sponsor system began in 2004, which is similar to a sponsor system in Hong Kong began in 1999.[4] In order to be publicly listed in China, a prospective listing firm must be sponsored by a securities company (investment bank) and the sponsor must assign sponsor representatives to the listing firm.[5] This In 2012, the SAC took over registration of sponsor representatives. The exam to become a sponsor representative is extremely difficult, with a one percent passing rate,[4] and sponsor representatives have been highly-compensated, with $1 million annual salaries in 2010. Despite this, they are viewed as often ineffective.[4]

Equity share types and foreign investment[edit]

Mainland shares are known as A-shares and are not typically available for purchase by foreigners. B-shares are available to foreigners, but are reputed to be more risky as they are available for less desirable companies. H-shares are for mainland China companies which are traded on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.

Institutional investors can apply to become Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors (a program which began in 2002) and then are allowed to buy A-shares; the minimum assets under management was reduced from $5 billion to $500 million in 2012.[6]

Local securities companies[edit]

2010, there are 106 Members of Securities Association of China[7]

Rankings[edit]

Domestic rankings in 2010

  1. Sponsor representatives
Ranking Company No. of sponsor representatives No. of professionals
1 Guosen Securities[11] 139 400
2 CITIC[9] 91 583
3 Ping An[22] 84 266
4 Guangfa 76 300
5 Huatai 76 301
6 Haitong 70 230
7 China Merchants 70 254
8 Essense 60 230
9 Everbright 59 209
10 CICC 57 1249

2. Net brokerage revenue

Ranking Company Net brokerage revenue (RMB 1B) Market share among top 100 brokers (%) No. of branches Net brokerage revenue per branch (RMB 1M)
1 Galaxy 5.6 5.24 219 25.8
2 Guotai Junan 5.0 4.68 189 26.7
3 Guosen Securities[11] 4.9 4.54 68 71.9
4 Guangfa 4.7 4.39 194 24.3
5 Haitong 4.6 4.25 188 24.3
6 Shenyin Wanguo 4.4 4.05 149 29.3
7 China Securities 3.5 3.25 123 28.4
8 Huatai Lianhe 3.5 3.24 128 27.2
9 China Merchants 3.3 3.09 263 12.6
10 Qilu 3.3 3.08 140 23.7

3. Total assets

Ranking Company Total assets (RMB 1B)
1 CITIC[9] 109.4
2 Haitong 100.7
3 Guotai Junan 93.6
4 Guangfa 91.0
5 Galaxy 90.1
6 China Merchants 89.6
7 Huatai Lianhe 86.5
8 China Securities 66.9
9 Guosen Securities[11] 63.7
10 Shenyin Wanguo 60.2

Source: Securities Association of China[7][23]

Global rankings in 2010 & 2011Q1 1. Sponsored deals

Company 2011Q1 Ranking 2011Q1 Market share 2010 Ranking 2010Market share Change in market share
Deutsche Bank 1 8.60 4 5.3 3.3
Barclays Capital 2 6.80 12 2.2 4.6
Goldman Sachs 3 6.70 3 6.7 0.0
Citi 4 4.40 9 3.5 0.9
Guosen Securities[11] 5 4.10 14 1.7 2.4
BoA Merrill Lynch 6 4.00 6 4.9 -0.9
Morgan Stanley 7 4.00 1 8.4 -4.4
DBS Group 8 3.80 39 0.5 3.3
JP Morgan 9 3.40 2 6.8 -3.4
Ping An[22] 10 3.00 13 1.9 1.1

Source: Bloomberg

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://zq.100xuexi.com/HP/20100509/DetailD1027800.shtml[dead link]
  2. ^ "《证券公司分类监管工作指引(试行)》发布_证券新闻_财经_腾讯网". Finance.qq.com. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  3. ^ (2010-08-23 01:25:10) (2010-08-23). "中国证券业发展现状点评_花树_新浪博客". Blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  4. ^ a b c Changxin G. (2011). Lack of due diligence makes it difficult for traders to take stock. Chinadaily.
  5. ^ [CSRC Decree No.58]: Administrative Measures on Sponsorship for Securities Issuance and Listing. China Securities Regulatory Commission.
  6. ^ New Chinese policy may favor big foreign investors. Pensions & Investments.
  7. ^ a b "中国证券业协会" (in Chinese). Cx.sac.net.cn. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  8. ^ "招商证券". Newone.com.cn. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  9. ^ a b c "中信证券 CITIC Securities". Cs.ecitic.com. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  10. ^ "Everbright Securities Co Ltd". Everbright Securities Co Ltd. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "国信证券-金色阳光藏金阁,全方位看投资,专业甄选,个性理财". Guosen.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  12. ^ http://www.htsec.com
  13. ^ "Welcome to". Htsc.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  14. ^ "平安证券官方网站-证券-证券公司-证券交易". Stock.pingan.com. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  15. ^ Securities Division Risks Ping An Reputation. Caixin.
  16. ^ "广发证券". Gf.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  17. ^ "高盛高华". Gsgh.cn. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  18. ^ Guangfa Securities achieves back-door listing, shares soar.
  19. ^ "申银万国证券". Sywg.com. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  20. ^ "中银国际证券". Bocichina.com. 2006-05-12. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  21. ^ http://dnb.alacrastore.com/storecontent/dnb2/529812021 Chinalions Securities Co., Ltd. dba Hualin Securities Co., Ltd. Gangkou Road Sales Department (Branch)
  22. ^ a b "平安证券官方网站-证券-证券公司-证券交易". Stock.pingan.com. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  23. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]