Selma, Switzerland

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Selma
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Selma
Canton Graubünden
District Moesa
46°19′N 9°7′E / 46.317°N 9.117°E / 46.317; 9.117Coordinates: 46°19′N 9°7′E / 46.317°N 9.117°E / 46.317; 9.117
Population 33 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 11 /km2 (30 /sq mi)
Area 2.91 km2 (1.12 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 977 m (3,205 ft)
Postal code 6545
SFOS number 3811
Surrounded by Arvigo, Braggio, Cauco, Santa Maria in Calanca
Twin towns Wittenbach (Switzerland)
Website selma.moesano.ch
SFSO statistics
Selma is located in Switzerland
Selma
Selma

Selma is a municipality in the district of Moesa in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

The local language is Italian.

With a population at the end of 2008 of only 36, it is one of the smallest communities in Switzerland. The village has however declared its intention to remain an independent entity.

Geography[edit]

Selma has an area, as of 2006, of 2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi). Of this area, 5.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 68.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (22.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The municipality is located in the Calanca sub-district of the Moesa district.

Demographics[edit]

Selma has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 33.[1] As of 2008, 8.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -4.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (65.9%), with the rest (34.1%) speaking German.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Selma is; 8 children or 18.2% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 2 teenagers or 4.5% are 10 to 14, and no one is between 15 and 19. Of the adult population, 2 people or 4.5% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 9 people or 20.5% are 30 to 39, 5 people or 11.4% are 40 to 49, and 7 people or 15.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 5 people or 11.4% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 5 people or 11.4% are 70 to 79, there is 1 person who is 80 to 89.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the CVP received 53.8% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to the SP with 36.3% of the vote.[3]

In Selma about 84% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Selma has an unemployment rate of 3.41%. As of 2005, there were 2 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 1 business involved in this sector. people are employed in the secondary sector and there are businesses in this sector. 5 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 2 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[6]

year population
1683 c. 300
1733 200
1830 93
1850 73
1900 71
1950 60
1970 34
1990 31
2000 44

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Oct-2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Selma in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.

References[edit]