Sewallis Shirley (MP)

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Sewallis Shirley
DL, JP
Sewallis Shirley.jpg
Member of Parliament
for Monaghan
In office
1868–1880
Preceded by Viscount Cremorne
Succeeded by John Givan
Personal details
Born Sewallis Evelyn Shirley
15 July 1844
Died 7 March 1904
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Emily Jean Macdonald

Sewallis Evelyn Shirley DL, JP (15 July 1844 – 7 March 1904), was a British politician. He is best known as the founder of the Kennel Club in Britain in 1873.

Background and education[edit]

A member of the Shirley family headed by the Earl Ferrers, Shirley was the son of Evelyn Shirley and Mary Clara Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edmund Lechmere, 2nd Baronet. His paternal grandfather was Evelyn Philip Shirley.[1] Shirley was born at the family's English estate of Ettington Park at Stratford-upon-Avon. He was educated at Eton before matriculating to Christ Church, Oxford in 1864, though he did not take a degree.[citation needed]

He was presented to the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII) at a special levée at St. James Palace on 1 June 1869. He was accompanied by his father, and was one of 350 gentlemen to be shown at the event.[2]

Political career[edit]

Shirley's family had a long connection with County Monaghan in Ireland, and they owned a large estate at Lough Fea, Carrickmacross. Shirley entered Parliament for Monaghan (a seat previously held by both his father and grandfather) on 17 November 1868,[3][4] and won election through a promise to defend the Protestant constitution. He continued to represent the constituency until 31 March 1880,[4] but rarely spoke in Parliament, and is thought to have lost his seat when opposition Liberal supporters ran a successful campaign based on tenants' rights. He attempted to return to politics in 1885, standing against an Irish nationalist candidate for the newly created seat of South Monaghan, but was heavily defeated.[citation needed]

Shirley was also a Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for County Monaghan and served as High Sheriff of Monaghan in 1884. Although heavily involved in local affairs as initially guided by his father, and was involved in improvements to the estate such as the construction of a new church in 1865.[5] But relations with the tenant farmers on his estates, which he inherited in 1882, remained poor. This, combined with forced evictions following the agricultural depression of the 1880s,[6] led to his estate being targeted by the Irish nationalist Plan of Campaign.[citation needed] It also resulted in issues with the local railway, with a boycott by farmers of the station at Carrickmacross taking place in 1890.[7]

Dog breeding[edit]

Throughout his life Shirley had a keen interest in dogs, both working dogs and pure breeds. His Fox Terrier won a silver cup at the Birmingham Dog Show in 1867, and three years later he repeated the victory with an English Bull Terrier. During his show career he also owned a variety of other breeds including Bulldogs, Collies and a number of Retrievers.[3] In 1873 he brought together a group of similar minded people with the aim of creating an establishment of a governing body which would allow the definition of dog breeds to protect pedigrees and to improve the standards of hygiene at dog shows.[8] Later that year, the Kennel Club was formed, with Shirley sitting as secretary from 1873 to 1899.[9] He also acted as a dog judge, including at both shows across all types and in field trials for breeds such as Setters and Pointers.[3][10] The last show he attended was the twentieth annual Hunter's Improvement Society, held at the Royal Agricultural Hall in Islington less than a week prior to his death.[3]

Family[edit]

Shirley married Emily Jean, daughter of Colonel William Macdonald, in 1884.[3] They had several children. Emily Jean died in July 1918.[1]

Death[edit]

Shirley died in London on 7 March 1904 while there on a short visit.[11] He was staying at the Hotel Windsor on Victoria Street and returned there by taxi after visiting his friends. Some early newspaper reports stated that he had been assaulted, with his watch and other valuables taken,[11] but his obituaries omits those details. He was rushed to Westminster Hospital but died soon after he was admitted. The coroner later determined that the cause of death was a brain haemorrhage, and described the more elaborate reports as "the result of a lurid imagination".[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sewallis Evelyn Shirley". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "The Levee". Dublin Evening Mail (10032) (British Newspaper Archive). 3 June 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 29 June 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Death of Mr S.E. Shirley, of Ettington Park". Leamington Spa Courier 77 (11) (British Newspaper Archive). 11 March 1904. p. 5. Retrieved 29 June 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ a b "Mr Sewallis Shirley". Hansard. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Eatington". Leamington Spa Courier XLI (43) (British Newspaper Archive). 24 October 1868. p. 7. Retrieved 29 June 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ "The State of Ireland". Morning Post (36034) (British Newspaper Archive). 15 December 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 29 June 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ "The Shirley Estate". Freeman's Journal. CXXIV (36034) (2nd ed.) (British Newspaper Archive). 21 January 1890. Retrieved 29 June 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ Goldman, Lawrence. "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Preface". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Retriever (Flat Coated)". The Kennel Club. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Public Notices". West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser (9638) (British Newspaper Archive). 16 April 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 29 June 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  11. ^ a b "Suspicious Death of an Irish Ex-MP". Edinburgh Evening News (9638) (British Newspaper Archive). 9 March 1904. p. 3. Retrieved 29 June 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Powell Leslie
Viscount Cremorne
Member of Parliament for Monaghan
1868–1880
With: Charles Powell Leslie 1868–1871
John Leslie 1871–1880
Succeeded by
John Givan
William Findlater