Shevi'it (Talmud)

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For the article on the Sabbatical Year, see Shmita.

Shevi'it (Hebrew: שביעית‎, lit. "seventh year") is the fifth tractate of Seder Zeraim ("Order of Seeds") of the Mishnah and of the Talmud. It deals with all laws of allowing the land to rest in the seventh year, the laws of shmita produce and the remission of debts. It also discusses the 50th year, known as Jubilee (Yovel), when all Israelite slaves must be set free, and all land must be returned to original owner from the time of Joshua when tribal allotments were given out. This tractate has many applications today in Israel where shmita is still being observed. From September 2007 through September 2008 was a shmita year and last one before that was in 2000-2001.