Short Type 827

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Short 827 and 830
Short-827-chb105.jpg
Short Type 827 (8237), at Lee-on-Solent, 1918
Role Reconnaissance
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Short Brothers
First flight 1914
Primary user Royal Naval Air Service
Number built 108 (Type 827)
18 (Type 830)

The Short Type 827 was a 1910s British two-seat reconnaissance floatplane. It was also known as the Short Admiralty Type 827.

The first production Short Type 827 with members of the Australian Flying Corps

Design and development[edit]

The Short Type 827 was a two-bay biplane with unswept equal span wings, a slightly smaller development of the Short Type 166. It had a box section fuselage mounted on the lower wing. It had twin floats under the forward fuselage, plus small floats fitted at the wingtips and tail. It was powered by a nose-mounted Sunbeam Nubian engine, with a two-bladed tractor propeller. The crew of two sat in open cockpits in tandem.

The aircraft was built by Short Brothers (36 aircraft,[1]) and also produced by different contractors around the United Kingdom, i.e. Brush Electrical (20), Parnall (20), Fairey (12) and Sunbeam (20).[2]

The Short Type 830 was a variant powered by a 135 hp (101 kW) Salmson water-cooled radial engine.

Variants[edit]

Type 827
Production aircraft with a Sunbeam Nubian engine, 108 built.
Type 830
Variant powered by a 135 hp (100 kW) Salmson[3] 18 built.[1]
S.301
A batch of ten tractor seaplanes officially listed as Type 830s[where?] with a 140 hp (104 kW) Salmson-Canton-Unné engine are sometimes described as Short S.301s after the sequence/construction number of the first aircraft. It was a hybrid design, with the wings and fuselage of the Short Type 166 and the straight-edged ailerons and forward observer's position of the Type 830.[4]

Operators[edit]

 Belgium
 United Kingdom

Specifications (Type 827)[edit]

Data from Orbis 1985[5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
  • Length: 35 ft 3 in (10.74 m)
  • Wingspan: 53 ft 11 in (16.43 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
  • Wing area: 506 ft2 (47.01 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,700 lb (1,225 kg)
  • Gross weight: 3,400 lb (1,542 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Sunbeam Nubian V-engine, 150 hp (112 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 62 mph (100 km/h)
  • Endurance: 3 hours  30 min

Armament

  • 1 x .303 Lewis Gun on flexible mount in rear cockpit
  • Provision for light bombs on underwing racks

See also[edit]

Related development
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Barnes & James, p. 527
  2. ^ Barnes & James, p. 541
  3. ^ Barnes & James, p.97
  4. ^ Barnes & James, p.108
  5. ^ Orbis 1985, page 2914
Bibliography

External links[edit]