Curcuma alismatifolia

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Siam tulip
Siam Tulip.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Curcuma
Species: C. alismatifolia
Binomial name
Curcuma alismatifolia

Hitcheniopsis alismatifolia (Gagnep.) Loes. in H.G.A.Engler

Curcuma alismatifolia, Siam tulip or summer tulip (Thai: ปทุมา, pathuma, or ดอกกระเจียว, dok krajiao) is a tropical plant native to Laos, northern Thailand and Cambodia.[1][2] Despite its name, it is not related to the tulip, but to the various ginger species such as turmeric. It can grow as an indoor plant, and is also sold as cut flowers.

One of the most famous wild fields of Siam Tulips is in Pa Hin Ngam National Park in the Chaiyaphum province of Thailand.

Malvidin 3-rutinoside is a pigment responsible for bract color in C. alismatifolia.[3]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). The genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59: 203-220.
  3. ^ Nakayama, M; Roh, MS; Uchida, K; Yamaguchi, Y; Takano, K; Koshioka, M (2000). "Malvidin 3-rutinoside as the pigment responsible for bract color in Curcuma alismatifolia". Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 64 (5): 1093–5. doi:10.1271/bbb.64.1093. PMID 10879491. 

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