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Punta Gnifetti
Zumsteinspitze von der Dufourspitze.jpg
The Signalkuppe lying behind the Zumsteinspitze. The Margherita hut is just visible on the summit.
Elevation 4,554 m (14,941 ft)
Prominence 102 m (335 ft)
Parent peak Dufourspitze of Monte Rosa
Signalkuppe is located in Alps
Location Piedmont, Italy /
Valais, Switzerland
Range Pennine Alps
Coordinates 45°55′38″N 7°52′37″E / 45.92722°N 7.87694°E / 45.92722; 7.87694Coordinates: 45°55′38″N 7°52′37″E / 45.92722°N 7.87694°E / 45.92722; 7.87694
First ascent 9 August 1842 by Giovanni Gnifetti and party
Easiest route Glacier tour via west flank, south-west ridge (F)

The Signalkuppe (pronounced seen-yall-koo-pay) (also known as Punta Gnifetti in Italian) (4,554 m) is a peak in the Pennine Alps on the border between Italy and Switzerland. It is a subpeak of Monte Rosa. The mountain is named after 'the Signal', a prominent gendarme atop the east ridge.

The first ascent was made by Giovanni Gnifetti, a parish priest from Alagna Valsesia, together with J. Farinetti, C. Ferraris, C. Grober, J. and G. Giordiano and their porters on 9 August 1842.

The highest hut in Europe, the Margherita hut (named after Italy's Queen consort Margherita of Savoy) lies on the summit of the mountain. Work started in 1890, supported by the Italian crown, and Queen Margherita opened it in 1893. The new hut, a high-altitude Faraday Cage, is clad in sheet copper to shield against unwanted electrical fields.

See also[edit]


  • Dumler, Helmut and Willi P. Burkhardt, The High Mountains of the Alps, London: Diadem, 1994
  • Collomb, Robin G., (ed.), Pennine Alps Central, London: Alpine Club, 1975

External links[edit]