List of Alpine four-thousanders

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This list contains all of the 128 summits and subsidiary tops of 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) or more above sea level in the Alps in France, Italy and Switzerland as defined by the Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA).[1] Their list, published in 1994, contains 82 'official summits' of 4,000 m or over, with the inclusion of a further 46 'lesser summits' in an enlarged list. Another list containing only independent peaks with a prominence of over 100m contains just 52 mountains.[2]

Official list[edit]

The table shows the 82 four-thousanders in the Alps that are recognised by the UIAA. They are located in Switzerland (48),[Note 1] Italy (38) and France (25).

Clicking the symbol at the head of the column sorts the table by that column’s data.

Nr.
Image Summit Height
(m)
Range Country Isolation[3]
(km)
Prominence[3]
(m)
First ascent[4]
1 Mont Blanc (4,810 m) seen from Gare des Glaciers Mont Blanc 4,810 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
[Note 2]
2,812
Kjukjurtlju (RU)
4,697
near Lake Kubenskoye (RU)
[Note 3]
8 August 1786
Jacques Balmat, Michel-Gabriel Paccard
2 Mont Blanc de Courmayeur (4,748 m) seen from La Thuile Mont Blanc de Courmayeur 4,748 Mont Blanc Group Italy 0.6
Mont Blanc
18
Col Major
18 August 1822
F. Clissold, J. M. Couttet and five guides[5][6]
3 Dufourspitze (4,634 m) seen from the west Dufourspitze 4,634 Monte Rosa Massif Switzerland 78.3
Mont Blanc de Courmayeur
2,165
Grosser Sankt Bernhard
1 August 1855
Charles Hudson and 7 companions
4 Nordend (4,609 m, right) seen from Signalkuppe Nordend 4,609 Monte Rosa Massif Italy/
Switzerland
0.6
Grenzgipfel
94
Silbersattel
26 August 1861
Edward N. Buxton, T.F. Buxton, John J. Cowell, Michel-Clément Payot, Binder
5 Zumsteinspitze (4,563 m, Mitte) vom Nordend aus seen Zumsteinspitze 4,563 Monte Rosa Massif Italy/
Switzerland
0.5
Grenzgipfel
110
Grenzsattel
1 August 1820
Joseph Zumstein Joseph and Johann Niklaus Vincent and others
6 Signalkuppe (4,554 m, links) seen from the east Signalkuppe 4,554 Monte Rosa Massif Italy/
Switzerland
0.7
Zumsteinspitze
102
Colle Gnifetti
9 August 1842
Giovanni Gnifetti and 7 companions
7 Dom (4,545 m) seen from the north Dom 4,545 Mischabel Group Switzerland 16.9
Nordend
1,046
Neues Weisstor
11 September 1858
J. Llewellyn Davies, Johann Zumtaugwald, Johann Kronig, Hieronymous Brantschen
8 Liskamm East Summit (4,527 m) seen from the west Liskamm
(East Summit)
4,527 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
2.9
Zumsteinspitze
376
Lisjoch
19 August 1861
by 14 mountaineers
9 Weisshorn (4,505 m) seen from the east Weisshorn 4,505 Wallis Alps Switzerland 11.1
Dom
1,235
Furggjoch
19 August 1861
John Tyndall, Johann Joseph Brennen, Ulrich Wenger
10 Täschorn (4,505 m) west face Täschhorn 4,491 Mischabel Group Switzerland 1.2
Dom
210
Domjoch
30 July 1862
J. Llewelyn Davies, J.W. Hayward, Peter-Josef Summermatter, Stefan, Johann Zumtaugwald
11 Liskamm West Summit (4,479 m) from the west Liskamm
(West Summit)
4,479 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
1.1
Liskamm East Summit
62
Col to the East Summit
19 August 1861
William E. Hall and 13 companions
12 Matterhorn (4,478 m) von der Gornergratbahn Matterhorn 4,478 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
13.9
Liskamm West Summit
1,040
Col Durand
14 July 1865
Croz, Taugwalder, Whymper, Hudson, Douglas and Hadow
13 Picco Luigi Amedeo (4,469 m) von La Thuile Picco Luigi Amedeo 4,469 Mont Blanc Group Italy 0.7
Mont Blanc de Courmayeur
54
Col to Mont Blanc de Courmayeur
20 July 1901
G.B. and G.F. Gugliermina, Joseph Brocherel
14 Mont Maudit (4,465 m) seen from the northeast Mont Maudit 4,465 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
1.9
Mont Blanc
162
Col de la Brenva
12 September 1878
Henry S. King, William E. Davidson, Johann Jaun, Johann von Bergen
15 Parrotspitze (4,432 m) vom Liskamm aus seen Parrotspitze 4,432 Monte Rosa Massif Italy/
Switzerland
0.9
Signalkuppe
136
Seserjoch
16 August 1863
Florence Crauford Grove, Melchior Anderegg and 4 companions
16 Dent Blanche (4,357 m) Dent Blanche 4,357 Wallis Alps Switzerland 7.4
Matterhorn
895
Col d'Herens
18 July 1862
Thomas S. Kennedy, William and C. Wigram mit Jean-Baptiste Croz, Johann Kronig
17 Ludwigshöhe (4,341 m, second from right) seen from Liskamm Ludwigshöhe 4,341 Monte Rosa Massif Italy/
Switzerland
0.7
Parrotspitze
58
Fiodejoch
25 August 1822
Ludwig von Welden and companions
18 Nadelhorn (4,327 m) seen from the Ulrichshorn Nadelhorn 4,327 Mischabel Group Switzerland 1.7
Dom
206
Lenzjoch
16 September 1858
Franz Andenmatten, Baptiste Epiney, Aloys Supersaxo, Joseph Zimmermann
19 Schwarzhorn (4,322 m) seen from the Ludwigshöhe Schwarzhorn 4,322 Monte Rosa Massif Italy 0.3
Ludwigshöhe
42
col with the Ludwigshöhe
18 August 1873
Marco Maglionini, Albert de Rothschild, Eduard Cupelin mit Peter and Nikolaus Knubel
20 Grand Combin (4,314 m) Grand Combin
(Grafeneire)
4,314 Wallis Alps Switzerland 26.5
Dent Blanche
1,517
Fenêtre de Durand
20 July 1857
Jouvence Bruchez, Benjamin, Maurice Felley
21 Dôme du Goûter (4,304 m) seen from Chamonix Dôme du Goûter 4,304 Mont Blanc Group France 2.0
Mont Blanc
58
Col du Dôme
17 September 1784
Jean-Marie Couttet, François Cuidet
22 Lenzspitze (4,294 m) northeast face Lenzspitze 4,294 Mischabel Group Switzerland 0.5
Nadelhorn
86
Nadeljoch
1870
Clinton Thomas Dent, Alexander and Franz Burgener
23 Finsteraarhorn (4,274 m) Finsteraarhorn 4,274 Bernese Alps Switzerland 51.7
Nadelhorn
2,280
west of the Simplon Pass
16 August 1812
Arnold Abbühl, Joseph Bortis, Alois Volker
24 Mont Blanc du Tacul (4,248 m) seen from the Aiguille du Midi Mont Blanc du Tacul 4,248 Mont Blanc Group France 1.4
Mont Maudit
213
Col Maudit
31 July 1855
J-M Chabot, P-J Mochet, J-M Perrod and James H. Ramsay[7]
25 Grand Pilier d’Angle (4,243 m) north face Grand Pilier d’Angle 4,243 Mont Blanc Group Italy 0.7
Mont Blanc de Courmayeur
35
Col to the Mont Blanc de Courmayeur
3 August 1957
Walter Bonatti, Toni Gobbi[8]
26 Stecknadelhorn (4,241 m, front) Stecknadelhorn 4,241 Mischabel Group Switzerland 0.5
Nadelhorn
30
Stecknadeljoch
8 August 1887
Oscar Eckenstein, Matthias Zurbriggen
27 Castor (4,223 m, links) seen from the Grenz Glacier Castor 4,223 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
2.4
Liskamm West Summit
165
Felikjoch
23 August 1861
William Mathews, F.W. Jacomb, Michel Croz
28 Zinalrothorn (4,221 m, links) vom Cabane de Tracuit aus seen Zinalrothorn 4,221 Wallis Alps Switzerland 4.5
Weisshorn
490
Hohlicht Pass
22 August 1864
Florence Crauford Grove, Leslie Stephen, Jakob and Melchior Anderegg
29 Hohberghorn (4,219 m, right) vom Ulrichshorn aus seen Hohberghorn 4,219 Mischabel Group Switzerland 0.4
Stecknadelhorn
75
Hohbergjoch
August 1869
R. B. Heathcote, Franz Biner, Peter Perren, Peter Taugwalder
30 seen from Alagna Valsesia Vincent Pyramid 4,215 Monte Rosa Massif Italy 0.7
Schwarzhorn
128
Col to the Schwarzhorn
5 August 1819
Johann Nikolaus Vincent, three unknown companions
31 Pointe Walker (4,208 m) Grandes Jorasses
(Pointe Walker)
4,208 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
7.9
Mont Blanc du Tacul
843
Col du Géant
30 June 1868
Horace Walker, Melchior Anderegg, J. Jaun, J. Grange
32 Alphubel (4,206 m) Alphubel 4,206 Mischabel Group Switzerland 2.3
Täschhorn
355
Mischabeljoch
9 August 1860
T .W. Hinchliff, Leslie Stephen, Melchior Anderegg, Peter Perren
33 Rimpfischhorn (4,199 m, right) seen from the north Rimpfischhorn 4,199 Mischabel Group Switzerland 4.7
Alphubel
635
Allalin Pass
9 September 1859
Leslie Stephen, Robert Liveing, Melchior Anderegg, Johann Zumtaugwald
34 Aletschhorn (4,193 m) Aletschhorn 4,193 Bernese Alps Switzerland 13.5
Finsteraarhorn
1,017
Lötschenlücke
18 June 1859
Francis F. Tuckett, Johann Joseph Bennen, Peter Bohren, V. Tairraz
35 Strahlhorn (4,190 m, right) Strahlhorn 4,190 Mischabel Group Switzerland 1.8
Rimpfischhorn
401
Alder Pass
15 August 1854
Edmund J. Grenville, Christopher Smyth, Franz-Josef Andenmatten, Ulrich Lauener
36 Combin de Valsorey (4,184, right) Grand Combin
(Valsorey)
4,184 Wallis Alps Switzerland 0.5
Combin de Grafeneire
57
Col to the Combin de Grafeneire

37 Pointe Whymper (4,184 m, second from left) seen from the Leschaux Glacier Grandes Jorasses
(Pointe Whymper)
4,184 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
0.2
Pointe Walker
51[9]
col with the Pointe Walker
24. June 1865
Edward Whymper, Michel Croz, Christian Almer, F. Biner
38 Dent d’Hérens (4,171) Dent d’Hérens 4,171 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
4.2
Matterhorn
692
Colle Tournanche
12 August 1863
Florence Crauford Grove, Melchior Anderegg and 5 companions
39 Breithorn West Summit (4,164) Breithorn
(West Summit)
4,164 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
4.2
Castor
433
Schwarztor
13 August 1813
Henri Maynard, Joseph-Marie Couttet, Jean Gras, Jean-Baptiste and Jean-Jacques Erin
40 Breithorn Central Summit (4,159, middle) Breithorn
(Central Summit)
4,159 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
0.7
Breithorn West Summit
82
Col to the West Summit
13 August 1813
Henri Maynard, Joseph-Marie Couttet, Jean Gras, Jean-Baptiste and Jean-Jacques Erin
41 Jungfrau (4,158) seen from Wengen Jungfrau 4,158 Bernese Alps Switzerland 8.3
Aletschhorn
687
Jungfraujoch
3 August 1811
Johann Rudolf, Hieronymus Meyer, Alois Volker, Joseph Bortis
42 Bishorn (4,153) Nordwand Bishorn 4,153 Wallis Alps Switzerland 0.8
Weisshorn
95
Weisshornjoch
18 August 1884
G. S. Barnes, R. Chessyre-Walker, Joseph Imboden, J. M. Chanton
43 Breithorn-Zwillinge (4,139, links) Breithorn
(Zwillinge West)
4,139 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
0.8
Breithorn-Zentralgipfel
117
Selle

44 Grand Combin
(Tsessette)
4,135 Wallis Alps Switzerland 0.9
Combin de Grafeneire
52
Col to the Combin de Grafeneire

45 Aiguille Verte (4,122, centre) Aiguille Verte 4,122 Mont Blanc Group France 7.2
Grandes Jorasses
688
Col de l’Eboulement
29 June 1865
Edward Whymper, Christian Almer, Franz Biner
46 The Aiguilles de Diable from the north Aiguilles du Diable
(L’Isolée)
4,114 Mont Blanc Group France 0.2
Mont Blanc du Tacul
36[9]
Col to Mont Blanc du Tacul
1925[10]
Antoine Blanchet, Armand Charlet
47 North face of Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey 4,112 Mont Blanc Group France 1.0
Mont Blanc
178
Col de Peuterey
31 July 1885
Henry S. King, Emile Rey, Ambros Supersaxo, Aloys Anthamatten
48 Grandes Jorasses
(Pointe Croz)
4,110 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
0.4
Pointe Whymper
10[9]
col with Pointe Walker

49 The Aiguilles de Diable from the north Aiguilles du Diable
(Pointe Carmen)
4,109 Mont Blanc Group France 0.2
L'Isolée
36[9]
col with L'Isolée
1923[10]
Brégault, Chevalier, De Lépiney
50 Mönch (4,107 m) seen from the north Mönch 4,107 Bernese Alps Switzerland 3.5
Jungfrau
578
Unteres Mönchsjoch
15 August 1857
Sigismund Porges, Christian Almer, Christian and Ulrich Kaufmann
51 Breithorn
(Zwillinge East)
4,106 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
0.3
Zwilling West
36[9]
Col to Zwilling West

52 Grande Rocheuse 4,102 Mont Blanc Group France 0.3
Aiguille Verte
52[9]
col with the Aiguille Verte
17 September 1865
Robert Fowler, Michel Ducroz, Michel Balmat
53 Barre des Écrins (4,102 m) south face Barre des Écrins 4,102 Pelvoux France 107.3
Picco Luigi Amedeo
2,043
Col du Lautaret
25 June 1864
Edward Whymper, Horace Walker, Adolphus W. Moore, Christian Almer, Michel Croz
54 The Aiguilles de Diable from the north Aiguilles du Diable
(Pointe Médiane)
4,097 Mont Blanc Group France 0.2
Pointe Carmen
40[9]
col with the Carmen
1925[10]
Antoine Blanchet, Jean Chaubert, Armand Charlet, Devouassoud
55 Pollux (4,092 m, right of centre) seen from the Grenz Glacier Pollux 4,092 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
0.7
Castor
247
Zwillingsjoch
1 August 1864
Jules Jacot, Josef-Marie Perren, Peter Taugwalder sen.
56 Schreckhorn (4,078 m, right of centre) seen from the Bachalpsee Schreckhorn 4,078 Bernese Alps Switzerland 5.9
Finsteraarhorn
788
Finsteraarjoch
1 August 1864
Leslie Stephen, Ulrich Kaufmann, Peter and Christian Michel
57 Breithorn
(Roccia Nera)
4,075 Wallis Alps Italy/
Switzerland
0.4
Zwilling-Ost
30[9]
Col to the Zwilling East

58 The Aiguilles de Diable from the north Aiguilles du Diable
(Pointe Chaubert)
4,074 Mont Blanc Group France 0.2
Pointe Médiane
57[9]
Col to the Médiane
1925[10]
Jean Chaubert, Armand Charlet
59 Mont Brouillard seen from Col Emile Rey Mont Brouillard 4,069 Mont Blanc Group France 0.2
Picco Luigi Amedeo
39
Col Emile Rey
1906
Karl Blodig, Oscar Eckenstein, Alessio Brocherel
60 Grandes Jorasses
(Pointe Marguerite)
4,065 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
0.2
Pointe Croz
50[9]
col with Pointe Croz

61 The Aiguilles de Diable from the north Aiguilles du Diable
(Corne du Diable)
4,064 Mont Blanc Group France 0.2
Pointe Chaubert
19[9]
Col to the Chaubert
1925[10]
Jean Chaubert, Armand Charlet
62 Ober Gabelhorn (4,063 m) Ober Gabelhorn 4,063 Wallis Alps Switzerland 3.1
Zinalrothorn
536
Triftjoch
6 July 1865
Horace Walker, Adolphus W. Moore, Jakob Anderegg
63 Gran Paradiso by sunset Gran Paradiso 4,061 Graian Alps Italy 45.1
Grandes Jorasses
1,879
Nahe Kleiner Sankt Bernhard
4. September 1860
John J. Cowell, W. Dundas, Jean Tairraz, Michel-Clément Payot
64 Aiguille de Bionnassay (4,052 m) Aiguille de Bionnassay 4,052 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
1.8
Dôme du Goûter
164
Col de Bionnassay
28 July 1865
E.N. Buxton, F.C. Grove, R.J.S. Macdonald, Michel Payot, Jean-Pierre Cachat
65 Piz Bernina (4,049 m) Piz Bernina 4,049 Bernina Group Switzerland 138
Finsteraarhorn
2,234
Maloja Pass
13 September 1850
Johann Coaz, Jon and Lorenz Ragut Tscharner
66 Gross Fiescherhorn (4,049 m) vom Mittellegigrat aus seen Gross Fiescherhorn 4,049 Bernese Alps Switzerland 4.7
Mönch
364
Fiescherjoch
23 July 1862
Adolphus W. Moore, H. B. George, Ulrich Kaufmann, Christian Almer
67 Vincent Pyramid
(Punta Giordani/Giordanispetz)
4,046 Monte Rosa Massif Italy 0.1
Vincent Pyramid
5
col with the Vincent Pyramid
23 July 1801
Pietro Giordani [11]
68 Grandes Jorasses
(Pointe Elena)
4,045 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
0.2
Pointe Marguerite
10[9]
col with Pointe Marguerite

69 Grünhorn (4,044 m, centre) Grünhorn 4,044 Bernese Alps Switzerland 2.5
Gross Fiescherhorn
305
Kleine Grünhornlücke
7 August 1865
Edmund von Fellenberg, Peter Michel, Peter Egger, Peter Inäbnit
70 Lauteraarhorn (4,042 m) Lauteraarhorn 4,042 Bernese Alps Switzerland 1.0
Gross Fiescherhorn
128
Schreckhorn Saddle
7 August 1865
Pierre Desor, Arnold Escher von der Linth, Christian Girard, Melchior Bannholzer, Jakob Leuthold
71 Aiguille du Jardin 4,035 Mont Blanc Group France 0.2
Grande Rocheuse
37
col with the Rocheuse
1 August 1904
E. Fontaine, Jean Ravanel, Léon Tournier
72
Dürrenhorn (4,035 m)
Dürrenhorn 4,035 Mischabel Group Switzerland 0.8
Hohberghorn
123
Dürrenjoch
7 September 1879
Albert F. Mummery, William Penhall, Alexander Burgener, Ferdinand Imseng
73 Allalinhorn (4,027 m) Allalinhorn 4,027 Wallis Alps Switzerland 2.1
Rimpfischhorn
255
Alphubeljoch
28 August 1856
Edward L. Ames, Johann Josef Imseng, Franz Josef Andenmatten
74 Hinter Fiescherhorn 4,025 Bernese Alps Switzerland 0.7
Gross Fiescherhorn
102
Fiescher Saddle
28 July 1885
Eugen Guido Lammer, August Lorria
75 Weissmies (4,017 m) Weissmies 4,017 Wallis Alps Switzerland 11.2
Lenzspitze
1,185
Mondelli Pass
Late August 1855
de:Jakob Christian Heusser, Peter Josef Zurbriggen
76 Dôme de Rochefort 4,015 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
0.9
Pointe Marguerite
190
Col des Grandes Jorasses
12 August 1881
Alphonse Payot, Michel-Clément Payot, J. Eccles
77 Dôme de Neige (4,015 m, foreground) Barre des Écrins
(Dôme de Neige)
4,015 Pelvoux France 0.2
Barre des Écrins
41
Brèche Lory

78 Dent du Géant (4,013 m) Dent du Géant 4,013 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
1.2
Dôme de Rochefort
139
col with the Aiguille de Rochefort
28 July 1882
Jean-Joseph, Baptiste and Daniel Maquignaz ("Pointe Sella")[Note 4]
79 Punta Baretti 4,013 Mont Blanc Group Italy 0.3
Mont Brouillard
56
Col to the Mont Brouillard
28 July 1880
Martino Baretti, Jean-Joseph Maquignaz
80 Lagginhorn (4,010 m) Lagginhorn 4,010 Wallis Alps Switzerland 3.3
Weissmies
511
Lagginjoch
26 July 1856
Edward L. Ames, Johann Josef Imseng, Franz-Josef Andenmatten
81 Aiguille de Rochefort (4,001 m) Aiguille de Rochefort 4,001 Mont Blanc Group France/
Italy
0.6
Dent du Géant
106
Col to the Dôme de Rochefort
14. August 1873
Alphonse Payot, Michel-Clément Payot, J. Eccles
82 Les Droites (4,000 m) Les Droites 4,000 Mont Blanc Group France 0.7
Grande Rocheuse
204
Col de l’ Aiguille Verte
7 August 1876
Thomas Middlemore, John Oakley Maund, Henri Cordier, Johann Jaun, Andreas Maurer

Enlarged list[edit]

Name Country Height Range
Rochers de la Tournette France, Italy 4677 m Mont Blanc Massif
Ostspitze Switzerland 4634 m Monte Rosa Massif
Grenzgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4618 m Monte Rosa Massif
Les Bosses France, Italy 4547 m Mont Blanc Massif
La Grande Bosse France, Italy 4513 m Mont Blanc Massif
Monte Cervino Vetta Italiana Italy, Switzerland 4476,4 m Pennine Alps
Dom (Großer Gendarm) Switzerland 4468 m Pennine Alps
Aiguille de la Belle Etoile Italy 4349 m Mont Blanc Massif
Grand Gendarme (Weisshorn) Switzerland 4331 m Pennine Alps
Pointe Mieulet France 4287 m Mont Blanc Massif
Liskammnase Italy, Switzerland 4272 m Pennine Alps
Pointe Bayeux France 4258 m Mont Blanc Massif
Mont Blanc du Tacul (Punkt E) France 4247 m Mont Blanc Massif
Aiguille du Croissant Switzerland 4243 m Pennine Alps
Pic Tyndall Italy, Switzerland 4241 m Pennine Alps
Picco Muzio Italy, Switzerland 4187 m Pennine Alps
Entdeckungsfels (Roccia della Scoperta) Switzerland 4178 m Pennine Alps
Balmenhorn Italy 4167 m Pennine Alps
Alphubel Südgipfel Switzerland 4166 m Pennine Alps
Dent d'Hérens Gendarme Crochu Switzerland 4148 m Pennine Alps
Dent d'Hérens la Corne Switzerland 4148 m Pennine Alps
Pointe Burnaby Switzerland 4135 m Pennine Alps
Alphubel Nordostgipfel Switzerland 4128 m Pennine Alps
Alphubel Nordgipfel Switzerland 4116 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn (Großer Gendarm) Switzerland 4108 m Pennine Alps
Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey (Pointe SO) Italy 4107 m Mont Blanc Massif
Pointe de l'Androsace France, Italy 4107 m Mont Blanc Massif
Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey (Pointe NW) Italy 4104 m Mont Blanc Massif
Dent Blanche (Grand Gendarme) Switzerland 4097 m Pennine Alps
Felikhorn Italy 4093 m Pennine Alps
Lenzspitze Großer Gendarm Switzerland 4091 m Pennine Alps
Wengen Jungfrau Switzerland 4089 m Bernese Alps
Combin de la Tsessette gendarme (south-east) Switzerland 4088 m Pennine Alps
Pic Lory France 4086 m Dauphiné Alps
Pilier du Diable France 4067 m Mont Blanc Massif
Terzo pilastro del Col Maudit France 4064 m Pennine Alps
Pointe Bravais France 4057 m Mont Blanc Massif
Pic Eccles Italy 4041 m Mont Blanc Massif
Dent d'Hérens, L'Epaule Italy, Switzerland 4040 m Pennine Alps
Gendarme del Col Maudit France 4032 m Mont Blanc Massif
Il Roc Italy 4026 m Graian Alps
Pointe Eveline France 4026 m Mont Blanc Massif
Pointe Croux France 4023 m Mont Blanc Massif
La Spedla / Punta Perrucchetti Italy, Switzerland 4020 m Bernina Range
L'Epaule Switzerland 4017 m Pennine Alps
Piton des Italiens France, Italy 4003 m Mont Blanc Massif

Other summits[edit]

Name Country Height Range
Dufourspitze Westgratgipfel I Switzerland 4600 m Monte Rosa Massif
Dufourspitze Ostgratschulter Switzerland 4596 m Monte Rosa Massif
Nordend Südgrat Vorgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4542 m Monte Rosa Massif
Dom Nordostgratgipfel I Switzerland 4530 m Pennine Alps
Weisshorn Schaligrat-Turm Switzerland 4490 m Pennine Alps
Dufourspitze Westgratgipfel II Switzerland 4499 m Monte Rosa Massif
Dom Westlicher Vorgipfel Festigrat Switzerland 4479 m Pennine Alps
Dom Nordostgratgipfel II Switzerland 4475 m Pennine Alps
Täschhorn Nordgratgipfel I Switzerland 4470 m Pennine Alps
Dufourspitze Südostgrat Vorgipfel Switzerland 4470 m Pennine Alps
Zumsteinspitze Südwestlicher Vorgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4463 m Pennine Alps
Liskamm Östlicher Vorgipfel des Westgipfels Italy, Switzerland 4450 m Pennine Alps
Liskamm Westlicher Vorgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4447 m Pennine Alps
Weisshorn Nordgratkuppe I Switzerland 4430 m Pennine Alps
Dom Südgratgipfel I Switzerland 4423 m Pennine Alps
Täschhorn Nordgratgipfel II Switzerland 4420 m Pennine Alps
Täschhorn Nordgratgipfel III Switzerland 4404 m Pennine Alps
Dom Südgratgipfel II Switzerland 4380 m Pennine Alps
Dufourspitze Westgratgipfel III Switzerland 4380 m Pennine Alps
Weisshorn Nordgratkuppe II Switzerland 4362 m Pennine Alps
Dom Südgratgipfel III Switzerland 4360 m Pennine Alps
Nordend Nordgratschulter I Italy, Switzerland 4355 m Pennine Alps
Parrotspitze Westgratgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4340 m Pennine Alps
Liskamm Ostschulter-Gipfel/Cima di Scoperta Italy, Switzerland 4335 m Pennine Alps
Dufourspitze Westgratgipfel IV Switzerland 4280 m Pennine Alps
Nordend Nordgratschulter II Switzerland 4260 m Pennine Alps
LK-Punkt Italy, Switzerland 4252 m Pennine Alps
Nordend Nordpfeiler Switzerland 4223 m Pennine Alps
Castor Nord(west)gipfel Italy, Switzerland 4205 m Pennine Alps
Liskamm Südwestgrat-Vorgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4201 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn Südlicher Vorgipfel Switzerland 4190 m Pennine Alps
Castor Südöstlicher Vorgipfel II/Felsschulter Punta Felik Italy, Switzerland 4174 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn Nordgratturm I Switzerland 4160 m Pennine Alps
Castor Südöstlicher Vorgipfel I Italy, Switzerland 4158 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn Kanzel Switzerland 4150 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn Nordgratturm II Switzerland 4150 m Pennine Alps
Strahlhorn Ostschulter Switzerland 4143 m Pennine Alps
Breithorn Zentral Ostgrat-Vorgipfel I Italy, Switzerland 4140 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn Nordgratturm Switzerland 4140 m Pennine Alps
Strahlhorn Westschulter Switzerland 4128 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn Nordgratturm IV Switzerland 4130 m Pennine Alps
Rimpfischhorn Nordgratturm V Switzerland 4120 m Pennine Alps
Breithorn Ostgipfel Westlicher Vorgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4080 m Pennine Alps
Breithorn Zentral Ostgrat-Vorgipfel II Italy, Switzerland 4080 m Pennine Alps
Nordend Nordwestgratschulter Switzerland 4071 m Pennine Alps
Breithorn Roccia Nera Westlicher Vorgipfel Italy, Switzerland 4065 m Pennine Alps
Breithorn Zentral Ostgrat-Vorgipfel III Italy, Switzerland 4050 m Pennine Alps
Dufourspitze Unterster Westgratturm Switzerland 4026 m Monte Rosa Massif
Rimpfischhorn Westlicher Vorgipfel Switzerland 4009 m Pennine Alps

Number of Alpine four-thousanders[edit]

Since no exact and formal definition of mountain exists, the number of 4000-metre summits is arbitrary. One can consider a stone, for instance, as a summit if it is situated above this elevation. The topographic prominence is an important factor to decide the official nomination of a summit. The list proposed by the UIAA is based not only on prominence but also on other criteria such as the morphology (general appearance) and mountaineering interest. Summits such as Roccia Nera or Mont Blanc de Courmayeur have much less than the 30 metres minimum prominence criterion but are included in the list because of the other criteria. In comparison, the official 8000 metres summit having the smallest prominence is Lhotse with 610 metres. A minimum prominence criterion of 500 metres would reduce the number of Alpine four-thousanders to only 22.

The table below gives the number of four-thousanders as a function of their minimum prominence.

Minimum prominence UIAA list Enlarged list Karl Blodig list
Country / Range 2,000 metres (6,562 ft) 1,500 metres (4,921 ft) (Ultras) 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) 500 metres (1,640 ft) 300 metres (984 ft) 200 metres (656 ft) 100 metres (328 ft) 30 metres (98 ft) - - -
Switzerland 3 4 9 17 24 28 37 46 48 71 41
Italy 1 2 3 5 7 8 20 31 38 60 25
France 2 2 2 4 4 6 11 20 25 41 13
Pennine 1 2 6 11 15 19 26 38 41 65 34
Mont Blanc 1 1 1 3 3 5 11 23 28 46 15
Bernese 1 1 2 5 7 7 9 9 9 10 9
Dauphiné 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1
Bernina 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
Graian[12] 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
Total 5 7 12 22 29 35 51 73 82 128 61

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cantons of Valais (45), Bern (7) and Graubünden (1)
  2. ^ However, its status is disputed. Whilst France claims the highest point lies on its territory alone, Italy claims that the border runs over the summit. c.f. Grenzverlauf auf dem Mont Blanc.
  3. ^ This relates to Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus, the nearest, next-highest mountain, which can be reached by descending to this height (108 metres above the sea).
  4. ^ The 4 meter higher Pointe Graham was reached a month later, 20 August 1882, by William Woodman Graham guided by Auguste Cupelin and Alphonse Payot, using the fixed ropes of the first party

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 4000ers of the Alps: Official UIAA List" (PDF). UIAA-Bulletin (145). March 1994. Archived from the original on 7 March 2010. 
  2. ^ "List of Alpine four-thousanders". Peakbagger.com. 
  3. ^ a b "Peakbagger" (in German). Retrieved 27 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "Alpsgipfel & Erstbesteiger" (in German). Retrieved 27 May 2009. 
  5. ^ Brown, T. G. and de Beer, G. The First Ascent of Mont Blanc, 1957, p. 14
  6. ^ Alpine Journal, vol. XXV, p. 620
  7. ^ Gottlieb Studer, Über Eis und Schnee, Vol 2., p. 15
  8. ^ "Chronik zur Mont Blanc-Region" (in German). Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Hartmut Bielefeldt. "Viertausender d Alps" (in German). Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  10. ^ a b c d e ALPIN-Tourenbuch. "Hochtour: Mont Blanc Du Tacul" (in German). Retrieved 27 May 2009. 
  11. ^ Gottlieb Studer, Über Eis und Schnee, Vol 2., p. 63
  12. ^ Excluding the Mont Blanc Massif

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dumler, Helmut and Willi P. Burkhardt, The High Mountains of the Alps, Diadem, 1994 (ISBN 0906371430)
  • Goedeke, Richard, Alpine 4000m Peaks by the Classic Routes, Menasha Ridge Press, 1997 (ISBN 0897321111)
  • McLewin, Will, In Monte Viso’s Horizon: Climbing All the Alpine 4000m Peaks, Ernest Press, 1991 (ISBN 0948153091)
  • Moran, Martin, The 4000m Peaks of the Alps: Selected Climbs, Alpine Club, 2007 (ISBN 0900523662)
  • Club 4000, Tutti i 4000 - L'aria sottile dell'alta quota, Vivalda Editori - CAI Torino, 2010 (ISBN 88-7480-135-1)