Frederick W. A. G. Haultain
|Frederick W. A. G. Haultain|
|1st Premier of the Northwest Territories|
October 7, 1897 – September 1, 1905
|Lieutenant Governor||Charles H. Mackintosh
Malcolm Colin Cameron
Amédée E. Forget
|Preceded by||office created|
|Succeeded by||George Braden|
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories|
September 5, 1887 – September 1, 1905
|Preceded by||Richard Henry Boyle|
|1st Leader of the Opposition of Saskatchewan|
|Succeeded by||Wellington Willoughby|
|Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal|
|Born||November 25, 1857
|Died||January 30, 1942
|Resting place||Memorial Gates, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon
|Spouse(s)||Marion St Clair Castellain née Mackintosh|
Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain (November 25, 1857 – January 30, 1942) was a lawyer and a long serving Canadian politician and judge. His career in provincial and territorial legislatures stretched into four decades. He served as the first premier of Canada's Northwest Territories from 1897 to 1905 as is recognized as having a significant contribution towards the creation of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. From 1905 on he served as Leader of the Official Opposition in Saskatchewan as well as Leader of the Provincial Rights Party. His legislative career ended when he was appointed to the judiciary in 1912.
He was born in Woolwich, England in 1857, the son of Frederick W. Haultain (1821–1882) and Lucinde Helen Gordon (1828–1915), and came to Peterborough, Ontario with his family in 1860. He grew up in Peterborough and Montreal, later receiving a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Toronto. He went on to study law at Osgoode Hall and was called to the bar in Ontario in 1882 and in the North-West Territories in 1884.
Northwest Territories politics
Haultain was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories in a by-election held on September 5, 1887. He defeated Charles Conybeare by a large margin. Haultain would win his next five elections by acclamation.
Haultain was appointed the first Premier of the territories on October 7, 1897.
As premier, Haultain led negotiations for the granting of provincial status. Haultain argued for these territories to be admitted as a single province named Buffalo, and wanted the new province to be governed by non-partisan governments. The federal Liberal government of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, however, fearful of a large conservative province in the west, decided to create two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan, in 1905.
Frustrated in negotiations with the federal Liberal government, Haultain became increasingly identified with the Conservative Party and campaigned for it in the 1904 federal election. Laurier's Liberals were re-elected, and when the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were formed, the Liberal government passed over Haultain and appointed loyal Liberals to form those provinces' first governments.
Haultain led the Provincial Rights Party in the 1905 Saskatchewan provincial election, which was won by the Liberal Party of Saskatchewan. From 1905 to 1912, Haultain sat in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan as leader of the Opposition.
In 1912, the newly elected Conservative federal government of Sir Robert Borden made Haultain Chief Justice of Saskatchewan's superior court. He was knighted in 1916, and in 1917 was made Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal, a position he held until his retirement in 1938.
- Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 184
- Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 161
- Perry, Sandra E.; Craig, Jessica J. (2006). The Mantle of Leadership : Premiers of the Northwest Territories and Alberta. Edmonton, Alberta: Legislative Assembly of Alberta. ISBN 0-9689217-2-8.
- "The Honourable Sir Frederick W.A.G. Haultain, 1897-1905". Legislative Assembly of Alberta library. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- "Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain". Canadian Confederation, people. Library and Archives Canada. 2005. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
|Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan|
|MLA South Qu'Appelle
Edward Ludlow Wetmore
|Chief Justice of Saskatchewan
William Ferdinand Alphonse Turgeon
Edward L. Wetmore
|Chancellor of the University of Saskatchewan
P. E. MacKenzie