Sledgehammer (song)

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"Sledgehammer"
Single by Peter Gabriel
from the album So
B-side "Don't Break This Rhythm", "I Have the Touch" (mix), "Biko" (ext)
Released 25 April 1986
Format 7", 12", CD, Cassingle
Recorded 1985
Genre
Length 4:58 (45 Single Edit)
5:16
Label Charisma (UK)
Geffen (US)
Writer(s) Peter Gabriel
Producer(s) Daniel Lanois
Peter Gabriel singles chronology
"Walk Through the Fire"
(1984)
"Sledgehammer"
(1986)
"Don't Give Up"
(1986)
Audio sample
file info · help

"Sledgehammer" is a song written, composed and performed by British musician Peter Gabriel, which he debuted on his 1986 album So, and which Daniel Lanois produced. It hit number one in Canada on 21 July 1986, where it spent four weeks; number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States on 26 July 1986;[4] and number four on the UK Singles Chart, thanks in part to a popular and influential music video. It was his biggest hit in North America and ties with "Games Without Frontiers" as his biggest hit in the United Kingdom.

The song's music video has won a number of awards, including a record nine MTV Awards at the 1987 MTV Video Music Awards and Best British Video at the 1987 Brit Awards.[5][6] Gabriel was also nominated for three Grammy Awards: Best Male Rock Vocal Performance, Song of the Year and Record of the Year.[7] As of 2011, "Sledgehammer" is the most played music video in the history of MTV.[5]

History[edit]

The song was influenced by 1960s soul music, in particular the music made by the Memphis label Stax. The distinctive horn track was provided by the Memphis Horns, the Stax Records label's house musicians. The song also features a synthesised shakuhachi flute generated with an Emu Emulator II sampler.[8]

The lyrics are a mosaic of sexual innuendos, with references to steam trains, bumper cars, Big Dipper (roller coaster) and fruit cage as metaphors for male and female sexual organs and references to pollination, acting like a sledgehammer, fruit and bees as metaphors of sexual acts. One reviewer[who?] called it a transformation of sexual aggression into high comedy.[citation needed]

"Sledgehammer" is Peter Gabriel's only number-one hit in the United States. It replaced "Invisible Touch" by his former band Genesis, which had been that group's only US number-one hit the previous week. "Sledgehammer" also achieved chart success on other Billboard charts in 1986, spanning the range between Album Rock Tracks (two weeks at the summit in May and June)[9] and Hot Dance Club Play (one week atop this chart in July).[10]

The single release also included a previously unreleased track called "Don't Break This Rhythm" and an "'85 Remix" of his 1982 single "I Have the Touch." US versions of the single contained an extended dance remix of "Sledgehammer." It was among the first singles released on compact disc.

Music video[edit]

"Sledgehammer" spawned a widely popular and influential music video commissioned by Tessa Watts at Virgin Records, directed by Stephen R. Johnson and produced by Adam Whittaker. Aardman Animations (of Wallace and Gromit fame) and the Brothers Quay provided claymation, pixilation and stop motion animation that gave life to images in the song. The video ended with a large group of extras jerkily rotating around Gabriel, among them: Gabriel's own daughters Anna and Melanie, the animators themselves, and director Stephen Johnson's girlfriend. Also included were six women who posed as the back-up singers of the song. Gabriel lay under a sheet of glass for 16 hours while filming the video one frame at a time.[11] Notably, two oven-ready chickens, headless and featherless, were animated using stop-motion and shown dancing along to the synthesised flute solo in the middle of the song. This section was animated by Nick Park, of Aardman Animations, who was refining his work in plasticine animation at the time. The style was later used again in the video for another successful single from the album So, "Big Time."

Although many of these techniques had already been employed in earlier music videos (such as Talking Heads's 1985 hit "Road to Nowhere"), the Sledgehammer video won nine MTV Video Music Awards in 1987, the most awards a single video has won.[5] It ranked at number four on MTV's 100 Greatest Music Videos Ever Made (1999). MTV later announced that "Sledgehammer" is the most played music video in the history of the station.[5] "Sledgehammer" has also been declared to be MTV's number one animated video of all time.[12]

The video was also voted number seven on TMF's Ultimate 50 Videos You Must See, which first aired 24 June 2006. It ranked at number 2 on VH1's "Top 20 Videos of the '80s" as well as being named the No. 1 "Amazing Moment in Music" on the Australian TV show 20 to 1 in 2007. The video won Best British Video at the 1987 Brit Awards. Also, the video was nominated for the Best Music Video category for the first annual Soul Train Music Awards in that same year.

Musicians[edit]

Chart performance[edit]

Order of precedence
Preceded by
"Who's Johnny" by El DeBarge
Canadian RPM number-one single
26 July 1986 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Papa Don't Preach" by Madonna
Preceded by
"Invisible Touch" by Genesis
US Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
26 July 1986 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Glory of Love" by Peter Cetera
US Cash Box number-one single
26 July 1986 – 2 August 1986 (2 weeks)
Preceded by
"Like a Rock" by Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band
US Billboard Album Rock Tracks number-one single
31 May 1986 – 7 June 1986 (2 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Invisible Touch" by Genesis
Preceded by
"Baby Love" by Regina
US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play number-one single
12 July 1986 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Rumors" by Timex Social Club

Covers and appearances[edit]

In 1986, "Weird Al" Yankovic covered this song as the first song from his polka medley "Polka Party!" from the 1986 album of the same name. He also imitated the video in the music video for "UHF" in 1989, and used the song's style as the basis for his song "Waffle King" from Alapalooza in 1993.

In 1986, the song appeared in the Miami Vice episode "Better Living Through Chemistry," during a scene inside a biker bar. A slightly altered version of the shakuhachi refrain in the opening was used by background musician Jan Hammer at appropriate moments.

The song has been used to promote the comedy Sledge Hammer! in syndication. (The show's creator and chief producer, Alan Spencer, was, however, denied permission to employ it as the theme for the series.)[citation needed]

In 1991, rappers 3rd Bass borrowed the Tony Levin bass line from the song for their hit "Pop Goes the Weasel." The 1993 Naughty by Nature song "Hip Hop Hooray" also samples the shakuhachi intro. In 2000, the song was sampled for "I've Got to Have It" by Jermaine Dupri, Monica and Nas, which appeared on the soundtrack for the motion picture Big Momma's House.

In 1993, the song appeared on a British television commercial for the Vauxhall Cavalier, followed by the guitar riff from Eric Clapton's "Layla."[43]

In the late 90's 3HBCT 3ID, nicknamed "Sledgehammer", adopted the song as its theme song played every morning through loud speakers on Kelley Hill the brigades location Ft. Benning, GA.

In 2003, the band The Hang released a cover of the song on their self-titled album.

The Trey Anastasio Band covered "Sledgehammer" on 4 May 2005.[44]

In 2005, progressive rock band Umphrey's McGee did a rendition of "Sledgehammer" on the Wrapped Around Chicago – New Year's Eve at The Riviera (2005) DVD. The band occasionally covers the song in live performances.

In 2007, Finnish symphonic epic metal band Northern Kings featuring Jarkko Ahola from Teräsbetoni, Marco Hietala from Nightwish and Tarot, Tony Kakko from Sonata Arctica and Juha-Pekka Leppäluoto from Charon covered the song on their album Reborn.

In 2008, R&B singer Maiysha did a sensual rendition of "Sledgehammer" for her album This Much Is True.

The Dave Matthews Band began covering this song during the 2008 tour.[45]

Artist Gavin Castleton covered the song in 2009, featuring his now-revered style of successively building individual layers of the song to form a collective whole.[46]

This song was the bumper music on The Rush Limbaugh Show, leading to Rush Limbaugh's controversial comments about Sandra Fluke following Fluke's testimony before Congress. Consequently, Gabriel demanded that the program stop using his music.[47][48]

In September of 2012, the hit BBC Three comedy series Bad Education used the song during the introduction scene and during a gag at the start in which main character "Alfie Wickers" sends a video of an old man manipulating his testicles to "Sledgehammer" to "Mr. Fraser," the school's headmaster.

On 31 October 2013, the String Cheese Incident covered the song at the first annual Hulaween Music Festival at Spirit of Suwannee Park in Live Oak, Florida.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staunton, Terry (December 2012). Classic Rock. 
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  3. ^ Grant, Steven; Robbins, Ira. "Peter Gabriel". Trouser Press. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Dean, Maury (2003). Rock N' Roll Gold Rush. Algora. p. 160. ISBN 0-87586-207-1. 
  5. ^ a b c d Peter Gabriel, 'Sledgehammer' (1986) at the Wayback Machine (archived 28 February 2012). Time. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  6. ^ "The BRITs 1987". Brit Awards. 9 February 1987. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "29th Grammy Awards - 1987". Grammy Awards. Rock On The Net. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Famous Sounds". Synthmania.com. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits (8th ed.). Billboard Publications. p. 246. 
  10. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco 1974-2003. Record Research Inc. p. 106. 
  11. ^ Cross, Alan (7 October 2001). The Impact Of The Music Video. Corus Radio. 
  12. ^ Episode Guide – Transcript of MTV's "Top 10 Animated Videos Countdown" at the Wayback Machine (archived 10 July 2012). Outpost Daria. 28 June 1998. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Hits of the World". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 98 (27): 69. 5 July 1986. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  14. ^ "Peter Gabriel – Sledgehammer – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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  16. ^ (Dutch) "Radio 2 Top 30 : 7 juni 1986". Top 30. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  17. ^ CHART NUMBER 1538 – Saturday, June 14, 1986 at the Wayback Machine (archived 7 November 2006). CHUM. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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  19. ^ (Finnish) Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5. 
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  26. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Peter Gabriel – Sledgehammer". VG-lista. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  27. ^ (Polish) "SLEDGEHAMMER – Peter Gabriel". LP3. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1969 – 1989 Acts (G)". Rock.co.za. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  29. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Peter Gabriel – Sledgehammer". Singles Top 60. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  30. ^ "Peter Gabriel – Sledgehammer – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  31. ^ "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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  33. ^ CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending JULY 26, 1986 at the Wayback Machine (archived 2 October 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  34. ^ "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1980s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  35. ^ (German) "Jahreshitparade 1986". Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  36. ^ (Dutch) "Jaaroverzichten 1986". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  37. ^ "Top Singles – Volume 45, No. 14, December 27 1986". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  38. ^ (Dutch) "Single Top 100 over 1986" (PDF). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  39. ^ (Dutch) "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1986". Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
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  42. ^ The CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1986 at the Wayback Machine (archived 2 October 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  43. ^ Cauxhall Cavalier advert on YouTube
  44. ^ "Sledgehammer Every Time Play". Phish.net. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  45. ^ "DMBAlmanac". DMBAlmanac.com. Retrieved 25 August 2008. 
  46. ^ Sledgehammer - live looping Peter Gabriel cover with Ableton Live on YouTube
  47. ^ "Peter’s response to ‘Sledgehammer’ on the Rush Limbaugh show". Petergabriel.com. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  48. ^ Schillaci, Sophie A.; Zakarin, Jordan (5 March 2012). "Peter Gabriel Withdraws Music From Rush Limbaugh Show Following Sandra Fluke Controversy". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 

External links[edit]