Location in Møre og Romsdal
|Location||Møre og Romsdal, Norway|
|Area||214 km2 (83 sq mi)|
|Area rank||19th largest in Norway|
|Length||17 km (10.6 mi)|
|Width||20.8 km (12.92 mi)|
|Highest elevation||63 m (207 ft)|
|County||Møre og Romsdal|
Smøla is the 19th largest island in Norway. The island is located in Smøla Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, in fact the vast majority of the municipality is the island. The island has a good road network across the island and connecting it to many of the small surrounding islands, however, it does not have any outside road connections to the rest of Norway. The only regular ferry service is via the small island of Edøya to the south of Smøla which one can drive to from Smøla.
The population of the island is mostly employed in the fishing industry or in industries that support the fishing industry. There is also a window factory on the island. There is some dairy and vegetable farming (especially carrots) on the island also.
The island lies to the north of the Edøyfjorden and to the west of the Ramsøyfjorden, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of the town of Kristiansund. The islands of Hitra and Frøya lie to the northeast, Skardsøya and Ertvågsøya to the southeast, Stabblandet and Tustna to the south, and the open Norwegian Sea to the west and north.
The 214-square-kilometre (83 sq mi) island is very low and marshy with only 5% of the land cultivated into agricultural use. The highest point on the island is the 63-metre (207 ft) high Nerdvikberget. The island is surrounded by literally thousands of small islets including the historically-important island of Edøya. Due to the flat, unobstructed nature of the island, the Smøla Wind Farm is located on the northwestern part of the island.
Scientists of the Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformationtechnique of the Technical University of Berlin were testing the antique maps of Ptolemy and recognized a pattern of calculation mistakes that occurred when one tried to convert the old coordinates from Ptolemy into modern cartographical maps. The scientists believe that, when one compensates for these mistakes, the mythological location Thule corresponds to the island of Smøla.
The island has been governed by a variety of municipalities over the years. At one point it was divided over 3 different municipalities: Brattvær, Hopen, and Edøy. Today, there are 3 churches on the island (Brattvær Church, Hopen Church, and Edøy Church), each was the main church for those respective municipalities. Since 1960, the whole island has been part of the same municipality. The largest population centres on the island are the villages of Hopen (in the north) and Råket-Dyrnes (in the northwest).
- "Møre og Romsdal Fylke, Smøla Kommune". WestCoastPeaks.com. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- Store norske leksikon. "Smøla" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- Kleineberg, Andreas; Marx, Christian; Knobloch, Eberhard; Lelgemann, Dieter (2010). "Germania und die Insel Thule. Die Entschlüsselung von Ptolemaios´ "Atlas der Oikumene"". Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.