Society for the Propagation of the Faith
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The Society for the Propagation of the Faith (Latin: Propagandum Fidei) is an international association coordinating assistance for Catholic missionary priests, brothers, and nuns in non-Catholic countries.
Origin and development
In 1815, Bishop Louis William Valentine Dubourg of New Orleans, Louisiana was in Lyon collecting alms for his diocese, which was in a precarious condition. To a Mrs. Petit, whom he had known in the United States, he expressed the idea of founding a charitable association for the support of Louisiana missions, which suggestion she cordially embraced, but could procure only small alms among her friends and acquaintances.
Separately, in 1820, Pauline Jaricot of Lyon received a letter from her brother, a student at the Seminary of St. Sulpice, in which he described the extreme poverty of the members of the Paris Foreign Missions Society. She conceived the idea of forming an association whose members would contribute one cent a week for the missions. The membership rose to a thousand and the offerings were sent to Asia.
In 1822, Father Inglesi, Vicar-General of New Orleans, was sent to Lyon by Bishop Dubourg to visit his benefactors and reanimate their zeal. Seeing the success of Miss Jaricot, they thought at first of establishing a similar society for American missions, but decided to unite, instead of dividing, efforts. A meeting of the friends of the missions called by Father Inglesi was attended by twelve ecclesiastics and laymen, and on 3 May 1822, the Society for the Propagation of the Faith was formally established, with a declared mission to help Catholic missionaries by prayers and alms.
The society's goal was to support missions worldwide, which excluded majority-Catholic countries like France, Italy, Austria, Spain, and Portugal. As soon as missions are able to exist by their own efforts the society discontinues its aid, because demands are many and resources inadequate. In 1823, a delegate was sent to Rome and the group received the blessing of Pope Pius VII.
In 1840, Gregory XVI placed the society in the rank of Universal Catholic institutions, and on 25 March 1904, in the first year of his pontificate, Pius X recommended it to the charity of all the faithful, praising its work, confirming its privileges,[which?] and raising the feast of its patron, St. Francis Xavier, to a higher rite. A large number of provincial and national councils (especially the third of the Plenary Councils of Baltimore, 1884), as well as thousands of bishops from all parts of the world, have likewise enacted decrees and published letters in favour of its development. It receives contributions from all parts of the Christian world.
Other authorities in the church select, train, and assign missionaries; the Society for the Propagation of the Faith provides financial support to mission bishops for day-to-day expenses and special projects.
The Society is administered by two volunteer councils, each composed of twelve clergymen and laymen of recognized ability and knowledge of business affairs. These councils, one of which is in Lyon and the other in Paris, are self-recruiting.
The promoters of bands of ten[clarification needed] collect financial contributions, which are forwarded to parochial and then diocesan directors. At the end of January each year, these contributions are forwarded to the councils. The Lyon Central Council makes its budget recommendations, then the Paris Central Council makes its recommendations and the two are reconciled. Allocations are based on the reports of the superiors of the missions, bishops, vicars and prefects Apostolic; and in consideration of the desires of the Pope and the data furnished by the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
It is a law of the society to make its affairs public, and each year an integral account of all money received, all appropriations made, and all expenditures is published in the "Annals". All money received is distributed each year; there is no permanent endowment.
The Association also publishes MISSION Magazine, formerly Mission Today.
England and Wales
The Society works in England and Wales with the Mill Hill Missionary Society. Mill Hill was one of the first societies to introduce lay missionaries; and its priests, lay brothers and associates work in 27 countries and every continent.
In England and Wales funds for the missions are collected through the famous red collection boxes.[clarification needed] In 1913, these could be found in 200,000 homes.
- Official site of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith in the US
- Pauline-Marie Jaricot began the Society for the Propagation of the Faith - Vatican
- "The Society for the Propagation of the Faith". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.