Soong Ai-ling

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Soong.
Nancy Soong Ai-ling
Soong Ai-ling.jpg
Born (1888-06-14)14 June 1888
Shanghai, Qing Dynasty
Died 18 October 1973(1973-10-18) (aged 85)
New York City, New York, United States
Spouse(s) Kung Hsiang-hsi (1881–1967), married 1914
Children Kung Ling-i
Kung Ling-kai
Kung Ling-chun
Kung Ling-chieh (Louis C. Kung)
Parents Charlie Soong
Ni Kwei-Tseng

Soong Ai-ling (traditional Chinese: 宋藹齡; simplified Chinese: 宋蔼龄; pinyin: Sòng Àilíng), or Eling Soong (July 15, 1888 – October 18, 1973) was the eldest of the Soong sisters and the wife of H. H. Kung (Kung Hsiang-Hsi), who was the richest man in the early 20th century Republic of China. The first character of her given name is written as 靄 (same pronunciation) in some texts. Her Christian name was Nancy.


Born in Shanghai, Soong arrived in the United States at the Port of San Francisco, CA on June 30, 1904 aboard the SS Korea at the age of 14 to begin her education at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia. She returned to China in 1909 after her graduation. In late 1911, she worked as a secretary for Sun Yat-sen, a job later succeeded by her sister, Soong Ching-ling. She met her future husband, Kung Hsiang Hsi, in 1913, and married the following year in Yokohama. After marrying, Soong taught English for a while and engaged in child welfare work.

She went to the United States in the 1940s. She died at the age of 83 on October 18, 1973 in the New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. She is interred in a mausoleum at Ferncliff Cemetery in Westchester County, New York.[1]


Her children were:

Media portrayal[edit]

In the 1997 Hong Kong movie The Soong Sisters (宋家皇朝), she was portrayed by actress Michelle Yeoh.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hu, Winnie (May 6, 2001). "For Chinese, Bliss Is Eternity in the Suburbs". New York Times. 
  2. ^ Dawson, Jennifer. "Bizarre bomb shelter becoming data center." Houston Business Journal. Sunday May 11, 2003. Retrieved on April 9, 2012.

Further reading[edit]