South Windham, Maine

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South Windham, Maine
Census-designated place
South Windham is located in Maine
South Windham
South Windham
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 43°44′10″N 70°25′19″W / 43.73611°N 70.42194°W / 43.73611; -70.42194Coordinates: 43°44′10″N 70°25′19″W / 43.73611°N 70.42194°W / 43.73611; -70.42194
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Area
 • Total 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 154 ft (47 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,374
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 207

South Windham is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Windham in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population of the CDP was 1,374 at the 2010 census.[1] Prior to 2010, South Windham was part of the Little Falls-South Windham census-designated place.

It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

South Windham is located at 43°44′10″N 70°25′19″W / 43.73611°N 70.42194°W / 43.73611; -70.42194, along the Presumpscot River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.3 km2), of which 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 5.31%, is water.[2]

The CDP of Little Falls is located directly across the Presumpscot River, in the town of Gorham. U.S. Route 202 and Maine State Route 4 run north-south in a concurrency through both communities.

History[edit]

The Presumpscot River was an early transportation corridor to interior Maine; and provided reliable water power at Little Falls. Major William Knight was operating a sawmill at the falls in 1756. As the local forests were cleared, the sawmill was replaced by William Johnson's grist mill and a wool carding mill operated by Leonard Bacon and Lathrop Crockett. Locks were constructed around the falls to complete the Cumberland and Oxford Canal in 1832.[3] The canal fell into disuse after the Portland and Ogdensburg Railway was completed through South Windham in 1875.[4] Maine Central Railroad leased the railway as their Mountain Division in 1888.[5] Availability of year-round transportation encouraged C.A. Brown and Company to build a large brick wood-paper board factory at South Windham in 1875. Androscoggin Pulp Company purchased the factory, and the industrial village of South Windham developed around the pulp mill.[6] On April 4, 1919, the legislature passed an act creating the Reformatory for Men at South Windham. It is now the Maine Correctional Center, a minimum to medium security facility for men and women.

Notable people[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): South Windham CDP, Maine". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): South Windham CDP, Maine". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ Ward, Ernest E. My First Sixty Years in Harrison, Maine Cardinal Printing 1967 p.7
  4. ^ Bruce D. Heald, A History of the Boston & Maine Railroad: Exploring New Hampshire's Rugged Heart by Rail; The History Press; Charleston, South Carolina 2007
  5. ^ Peters, Bradley L. (1976). Maine Central Railroad Company. Maine Central Railroad. 
  6. ^ Barnes, Diane and Jack. The Sebago Lake Area (1996). Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7385-4943-9, p.13