Special school (Netherlands)
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A special school ("bijzonder onderwijs"), in the education system of the Netherlands, is a separate category from a public or private school. It is not to be confused with "speciaal onderwijs", which refers to schools specialized to deal with severe learning disabilities.
It is administered by an independent board, as opposed to a government authority, often based on some religion or ideology. Types of schools include Protestant, Reformed, Roman Catholic, Islamic, and Jewish.
At the same time, it is within far-going control of the Ministry of Education and its Inspection. Special schools cannot charge tuition over the statutory rate, and they are subsidized on equal footing with public schools. They are notably distinct from private schools—-of which there are a small but increasing number—which get no subsidies and can charge arbitrary tuition.
Nowadays, the Netherlands is officially not a pillarized country and some discussion is taking place whether tax money should be going to schools that are majority- Christian. The existing orthodox Islam schools which do not promote integration with the rest of Dutch society are a trigger for this discussion.
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