Springs, New York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Springs, New York
Hamlet and census-designated place
Memorial boulders for artists Lee Krasner (foreground) and her husband Jackson Pollock (background) in Green River Cemetery
Memorial boulders for artists Lee Krasner (foreground) and her husband Jackson Pollock (background) in Green River Cemetery
Springs-map.gif
Springs is located in New York
Springs
Springs
Coordinates: 41°1′31″N 72°9′31″W / 41.02528°N 72.15861°W / 41.02528; -72.15861Coordinates: 41°1′31″N 72°9′31″W / 41.02528°N 72.15861°W / 41.02528; -72.15861
Country United States
State New York
County Suffolk
Town East Hampton
Area
 • Total 9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)
 • Land 8.5 sq mi (21.9 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,592
 • Density 710/sq mi (280/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 36-70387
GNIS feature ID 0966103

Springs is a census-designated place (CDP) roughly corresponding to the hamlet by the same name in the Town of East Hampton in Suffolk County, New York on the South Fork of Long Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP population was 6,592.[1] Springs, along with the rest of East Hampton, boasts some of the world's most valuable residential real estate.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the hamlet has a total area of 9.2 square miles (24 km2), of which 8.5 square miles (22 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), or 8.19%, is water.[1]

History[edit]

Springs is known in art circles as the cradle of the abstract expressionist movement. Artists such as Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, John Ferren, and Randy Rosenthal worked there. Many important writers live or have lived in or near Springs, including Kurt Vonnegut, Joseph Heller, Philip Roth, Nora Ephron, and John Steinbeck.

Artists and writers were attracted to Springs because of its rural nature, despite being within 100 miles (160 km) of New York City, and because housing prices "north of the Montauk Highway" on the bay side of the East Hampton peninsula have traditionally been lower than those closer to the Atlantic Ocean.

This has created a blue collar neighborhood of people who support the mansions closer to the ocean. A significant number of the residents of Springs are Hispanic, 37%, including some undocumented workers.[2] Traditionally, locals are referred to as "Bonackers"[3] which comes from Accabonac Harbor in Springs. East Hampton High School has adopted the Bonacker name for its sports teams.

The main roads connecting Springs to East Hampton are Springs-Fireplace Road and Three Mile Harbor Road. Jackson Pollock died in a car crash on Springs-Fireplace Road in 1956.

Pollock and his wife Lee Krasner are buried in Green River Cemetery. Pollock's grave is marked by a large glacial erratic stone on top of a hill, Krasner's by a small stone lower on the hill. Since Pollock's burial numerous other writers and artists have been buried in the cemetery, joining the locals.

The Pollock-Krasner House and Studio on Springs-Fireplace Road is owned by Stony Brook University and is open for tours by appointment. It includes an external studio shed where dried paint from Pollock's projects is splattered on the floor and evokes Pollock's most famous works. The neighborhood around it is an East Hampton historic district.

Fireplace Road gets its name from fireplaces at its terminus that were used to signal the residents of Gardiners Island that supplies were ready to be picked up.

Springs derives its name from a spring that fed a small creek going into the harbor.

Landmarks[edit]

Demographics of the CDP[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,592 people, 2,318 households, and 1,500 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 775.5 per square mile (301.0/km²). There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 510.6/sq mi (198.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 83.3% White, 1.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 11.3% some other race, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.6% of the population.[4]

There were 2,318 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were headed by married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84, and the average family size was 3.27.[4]

In the CDP the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females there were 108.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.7 males.[4]

For the period 2007-2011, the median annual income for a household in the CDP was $70,546, and the median income for a family was $85,582. Males had a median income of $37,000 versus $35,607 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $33,937. About 4.7% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Springs CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  2. ^ Elizabeth A. Harris (July 2, 2012). "Tension for East Hampton as Immigrants Stream In". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  3. ^ Mead, Julia. "In East Hampton, the Way of a 'Lost Tribe'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-01. 
  4. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Springs CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  5. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Springs CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 

External links[edit]