Ephron in New York City, 2010
May 19, 1941|
New York City
|Died||June 26, 2012
New York City
|Cause of death||Pneumonia brought on by acute myeloid leukemia|
|Residence||New York City|
|Alma mater||Wellesley College|
|Occupation||Screenwriter, producer, director, journalist, playwright, author|
|Notable work(s)||Silkwood, When Harry Met Sally..., Sleepless in Seattle, Julie & Julia|
|Home town||New York City|
(m. 1967–1976; divorced)
(m. 1976–1980; divorced)
(m. 1987–2012; her death)
|Awards||BAFTA Award (1994), Crystal Award (1994), Ian McLellan Hunter Award (2003), Golden Apple Award (2009)|
Nora Ephron (May 19, 1941 – June 26, 2012) was an American journalist, essayist, playwright, screenwriter, novelist, producer, director, and blogger.
Ephron is best known for her romantic comedies and was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Writing: for Silkwood, When Harry Met Sally..., and Sleepless in Seattle. She won a BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay for When Harry Met Sally.... She sometimes wrote with her sister Delia Ephron. Her last film was Julie & Julia. She also co-authored the Drama Desk Award–winning theatrical production Love, Loss, and What I Wore. In 2013, Ephron received a posthumous Tony Award nomination for Best Play for her play Lucky Guy.
Ephron was born in New York City, eldest of four daughters, in a Jewish family, and grew up in Beverly Hills. Her parents, Henry and Phoebe Ephron, were both East Coast-born and raised screenwriters. Her sisters Delia and Amy are also screenwriters. Her sister Hallie Ephron is a journalist, book reviewer, and novelist who writes crime fiction. Ephron's parents based the ingenue character in the play and film version of Take Her, She's Mine on the 22-year-old Nora and her letters from college. Both her parents became alcoholics during their declining years. Ephron graduated from Beverly Hills High School in Beverly Hills, California in 1958, and from Wellesley College in Wellesley, Massachusetts in 1962.
She was married three times. Her first marriage, to writer Dan Greenburg, ended in divorce after nine years. In 1976, she married journalist Carl Bernstein of Watergate fame. In 1979, Ephron had a toddler son, Jacob, and was pregnant with her second son Max when she discovered Bernstein's affair with their mutual friend, married British politician Margaret Jay. Ephron was inspired by this to write the 1983 novel Heartburn, which was then made into a 1986 Mike Nichols film starring Jack Nicholson and Meryl Streep. In the book, Ephron wrote of a husband named Mark, who was "capable of having sex with a Venetian blind." She also wrote that the character Thelma (based on Margaret Jay) looked like a giraffe with "big feet." Bernstein threatened to sue over the book and film, but he never did.
Ephron was married for more than 20 years to screenwriter Nicholas Pileggi until her death. The couple lived in New York City.
Although Jewish by birth, Ephron was not religious. "You can never have too much butter – that is my belief. If I have a religion, that's it," she quipped in an NPR interview about her 2009 movie, Julie & Julia.
Her son Jacob Bernstein is to direct an HBO movie on her life called Everything Is Copy.
After a satire she wrote lampooning the Post caught the editor's eye, Ephron landed a job at the New York Post, where she stayed as a reporter for five years. In 1966, she broke the news in the Post that Bob Dylan had married Sara Lownds in a private ceremony three-and-a-half months before. Upon becoming a successful writer, she wrote a column on women's issues for Esquire. In this position, Ephron made a name for herself by taking on subjects as wide-ranging as Dorothy Schiff, her former boss and owner of the Post; Betty Friedan, whom she chastised for pursuing a feud with Gloria Steinem; and her alma mater Wellesley, which she said had turned out "a generation of docile and unadventurous women." A 1968 send-up of Women's Wear Daily in Cosmopolitan resulted in threats of a lawsuit from WWD.
While married to Bernstein in the mid-1970s, at his and Bob Woodward's request, she helped Bernstein re-write William Goldman's script for All the President's Men, because the two journalists were not happy with it. The Ephron-Bernstein script was not used in the end, but was seen by someone who offered Ephron her first screenwriting job for a television movie.
In 1994, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award. Ephron's 2002 play Imaginary Friends explores the rivalry between writers Lillian Hellman and Mary McCarthy. She coauthored the play Love, Loss, and What I Wore (based on the book by Ilene Beckerman) with her sister Delia, and it has played to sold out audiences in Canada, New York City and Los Angeles.
Ephron and Deep Throat
For many years, Ephron was among only a handful of people in the world who knew the true identity of Deep Throat, the source for news articles written by her ex-husband Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward during the Watergate scandal. Ephron said she guessed the identity of Deep Throat after reading Bernstein's notes, which referred to the unnamed person as "MF." Bernstein claimed "MF" was short for "My Friend", but Ephron guessed correctly that the initials stood for Mark Felt, the late former Associate Director of the FBI, who some suspected was Bernstein and Woodward's source.
Ephron's marriage with Bernstein ended acrimoniously, and after the breakup Ephron was open about the identity of Deep Throat. She revealed his identity to her son Jacob and anyone else who asked. She once commented, "I would give speeches to 500 people and someone would say, 'Do you know who Deep Throat is?' And I would say, 'It's Mark Felt.'" Classmates of Jacob Bernstein at the Dalton School and Vassar College recall Jacob's revealing to numerous people that Felt was Deep Throat. Curiously, this revelation did not get any real attention from the media during the many years that the identity of Deep Throat was a mystery. Ephron later conceded that "No one, apart from my sons, believed me." Ephron was invited by Arianna Huffington to write about the experience in the Huffington Post, for which she was a regular blogger and part-time editor.
On June 26, 2012, Ephron died from pneumonia, a complication resulting from acute myeloid leukemia, a condition with which she was diagnosed in 2006. In her final book, I Remember Nothing (2010), Ephron left clues that something was wrong with her or that she was ill, particularly in a list at the end of the book citing "things I won't miss/things I'll miss". There was widespread and somewhat shocked reaction to her death (as she had kept her illness secret from most people), with celebrities such as Meryl Streep, Matthew Broderick, Billy Crystal, Meg Ryan, Nicole Kidman, Tom Hanks, Albert Brooks, and Ron Howard commenting on her brilliance, warmth, generosity, and wit.
Nora Ephron Prize
The Nora Ephron Prize is a $25,000 award by the Tribeca film festival for a female writer or filmmaker "with a distinctive voice." The first Nora Ephron Prize was awarded in 2013 to Meera Menon for her film Farah Goes Bang.
|1989||When Harry Met Sally...||Yes||Yes|
|1990||My Blue Heaven||Yes||Yes|
|1992||This Is My Life||Yes||Yes|
|1993||Sleepless in Seattle||Yes||Yes|
|1998||All I Wanna Do||Yes|
|You've Got Mail||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|2009||Julie & Julia||Yes||Yes||Yes|
Awards and nominations
Essay collections and other works
- Wallflower at the Orgy (1970)
- Crazy Salad: Some Things About Women (1975), ISBN 978-0394497358
- The Boston Photographs (1975)
- Scribble, Scribble: Notes on the Media (1978), ISBN 978-0394501253
- Heartburn (1983, a novel)
- I Feel Bad About My Neck: And Other Thoughts on Being a Woman (2006)
- I Remember Nothing: And Other Reflections (2010)
- "Like most of my contemporaries, I first read The Fountainhead when I was 18 years old. I loved it. I too missed the point. I thought it was a book about a strong-willed architect...and his love life.... I deliberately skipped over all the passages about egoism and altruism. And I spent the next year hoping I would meet a gaunt, orange-haired architect who would rape me. Or failing that, an architect who would rape me. Or failing that, an architect. I am certain that The Fountainhead did a great deal more for architects than Architectural Forum ever dreamed." The New York Times Book Review (1968)
- "...you can settle for reality, or you can go off, like a fool, and dream another dream." Heartburn
- "Maybe young women don't wonder whether they can have it all any longer, but in case any of you are wondering, of course you can have it all." 1996 Wellesley commencement.
- Her six-word biography in Not Quite What I Was Planning: Six-Word Memoirs by Writers Famous and Obscure: "Secret to Life, Marry an Italian."
- Charles Mcgrath (June 26, 2012). "Writer and Filmmaker With a Genius for Humor". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- "Ragtime, The Scottsboro Boys, The Addams Family and Finian's Rainbow Top Nominations for 2010 Drama Desk Awards". In 2013, she received a posthumous Tony Award nomination for Best Play for Lucky Gyu, her last play. May 3, 2010.
- Hawkins, Ed (March 4, 2007). "Get real – ageing's not all Helen Mirren". The Times (London). Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- Brockes, Emma (March 3, 2007). "Everything is copy". The Guardian (London). Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "For the truly vengeful, the pen (or word processor) is mightier than the sword.". Cosmopolitan. July 1, 1996. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
- "Baroness Jay's political progress". BBC News. July 31, 2001. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "Nora Ephron's son to make documentary about her life". 3 News NZ. April 9, 2013.
- Nora Ephron: Remarks to Wellesley College Class of 1996
- "No Direction Home". Da Capo Press. 1986. Retrieved January 7, 2009.
- "Past Recipients: Crystal Award". Women in Film. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
- Ephron, Nora (May 31, 2005). "Deep Throat and Me: Now It Can Be Told, and Not for the First Time Either". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- Adam Bernstein (June 26, 2012). "Nora Ephron, prolific author and screenwriter, dies at age 71". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- Friedman, Roger (June 26, 2012). "Nora Ephron Left Clues About Dying in Her Final Book". Showbiz411.com. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- "Celebrities react to the death of Nora Ephron". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Associated Press. June 27, 2012. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- Matt Donnelly (June 26, 2012). "Nora Ephron: Celebs, Hollywood react to her death". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- "Nora Ephron '62 addressed the graduates in 1996". Wellesley College.
- Nora Ephron at the Internet Movie Database
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Nora Ephron collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Nora Ephron collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Works by or about Nora Ephron in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- John Williams (June 27, 2012). "Nora Ephron, the Queen of Quips". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Frank Bruni (June 27, 2012). "At the Table, Nora Ephron Knew Best". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Julia Moskin (June 27, 2012). "Nora Ephron Never Forgot the Food". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Neri Livneh (July 5, 2012), "Neri Livneh salutes her heroine, Nora Ephron"
- "Plays by Nora Ephron". Doollee.
- Nora Ephron Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America
- Movie clips: "The Films of Nora Ephron", compilation, 5 min.
- "Nora Ephron". Find a Grave. Retrieved June 25, 2013.