|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||422.81 g mol−1|
|Density||810 mg mL−1|
|Melting point||−38 °C (−36 °F; 235 K)|
|Boiling point||176 °C (349 °F; 449 K) at 7 Pa|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.452|
heat capacity C
|886.36 J K−1 mol−1|
|Std enthalpy of
|−871.1–−858.3 kJ mol−1|
|Std enthalpy of
|−19.8062–−19.7964 MJ mol−1|
|GHS signal word||WARNING|
|GHS hazard statements||H315, H319, H335|
|GHS precautionary statements||P261, P305+351+338|
|Flash point||218 °C (424 °F; 491 K)|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Due to the complete saturation of squalane, it is not subject to auto-oxidation. This fact, coupled with lower costs associated with squalane make it desirable in cosmetic applications where it is used as an emollient and moisturizer.
The label of squalane as "natural moisturizer" is somewhat exaggerated. While squalane can be found in small quantities in sebaceous secretions (sebum), it is squalene that is most commonly found in nature, most notably in the livers of sharks.
Squalane has low acute toxicity and is not an irritant at the concentrations used in cosmetics.
- "squalane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
- "Squalane: the natural moisturizer", by Rosenthal, Maurice L. in Chemistry and Manufacture of Cosmetics (3rd Edition), Editor: Schlossman, Mitchell L. (2002), 3(Bk. 2), 869-875
- Allison, Anthony C. (1999). "Squalene and Squalane Emulsions as Adjuvants". Methods 19 (1): 87–93. doi:10.1006/meth.1999.0832.
- "Final report on the safety assessment of squalane and squalene". Journal of the American College of Toxicology 1 (2): 37–56. 1982. doi:10.3109/10915818209013146.