St. Sebaldus Church, Nuremberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from St. Sebaldus Church)
Jump to: navigation, search
St Sebaldus
St Sebald
Nürnberg St. Sebald komplett v N.jpg
Northern facade of St. Sebaldus
Basic information
Location Nuremberg
Affiliation Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Parish Church
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Gothic
Direction of façade W

St. Sebaldus Church (St. Sebald, Sebalduskirche) is a medieval church in Nuremberg, Germany. Along with Frauenkirche (Our Lady's Church) and St. Lorenz, it is one of the most important churches of the city, and also one of the oldest. It is located at the Albrecht-Dürer-Platz, in front of the old city hall. It takes its name from Sebaldus, an 8th-century hermit and missionary and patron saint of Nuremberg. It has been a Lutheran parish church since the Reformation.

History[edit]

The construction of the building began in 1225. the church achieved parish church status in 1255 and was completed by 1273-75. It was originally built as a Romanesque basilica with two choirs. During the 14th century several important changes to the construction were made: first the side aisles were widened and the steeples made higher (1309–1345), then the late gothic hall chancel was built (1358–1379). The two towers were added in the 15th century. In the middle 17th century galleries were added and the interior was remodelled in the Baroque fashion. The church suffered serious damage during World War II and was subsequently restored. Some of the old interior undamaged includes the Shrine of St. Sebaldus, works by Veit Stoss and the stained glass windows.

Organ[edit]

The organ of 1975 by Peter of Köln

The church had an organ by the 14th century, and another by the 15th. The main organ had been built in 1440–41 by Heinrich Traxdorf, who also built two small organs for Nuremberg's Frauenkirche. Until its destruction in the 20th century it was one of the oldest playable organs in the world, and all the more notable because Traxdorf was one of the first organ builders to depart from the gothic Blockwerk organ by dividing the windchests and separating the front stops into Flute (Principal) and Octave (see pipe organ). The Traxdorf organ was rebuilt in 1691. The modified case was destroyed by the Allied forces during a bombing raid on 2 January 1945.

The new 4 manual, 122 rank, 84 stop organ by Peter of Köln was installed in 1975.

I Hauptwerk C–a3
Praestant 16′
Bordun 16′
Principal 8′
Metallflöte 8′
Spitzgambe 8′
Großnasat 51/3
Octave 4′
Spitzflöte 4′
Schwiegel 22/3
Octave 2′
Rohrschweizerpfeife 2′
Kornett V 8′
Hintersatz III–IV 4′
Mixtur VI–VII 2′
Trompete 16′
Trompete 8′
Trompete 4′
Glocken
II Schwell-Positiv C–a3
Rohrpommer 16′
Grobgedeckt 8′
Quintadena 8′
Weidenpfeife 8′
Principal 4′
Rohrflöte 4′
Nasatquinte 22/3
Kleinoctave 2′
Überblasender Dulcian 2′
Gemsterz 13/5
Kleinquinte 11/3
Sifflet 1′
Septnone II 11/7
Scharfmixtur IV–VI 1′
Cimbel III 1/3
Rohrkrummhorn 16′
Voix humaine 8′
Schalmei 8′
Tremulant
III Schwell-Oberwerk C–a3
Nachthorngedeckt 16′
Schwellprincipal 8′
Rohrgedeckt 8′
Flaut d’amore 8′
Flaut lament (Schwebung) 8′
Octava nazarda 4′
Koppelflöte 4′
Terzflöte 31/5
Octave 2′
Flute douce 2′
Rohrgemsquinte 11/3
Span. Hintersatz III 4′
Sesquialtera II 22/3
Mixtur V–VI 11/3
Oberton II 8/11
Fagott 16′
Trompete harmonique 8′
Clairon 4′
Tremulant
Xylophon
Pedalwerk C–f1
Principalbass 32′
Principalbass 16′
Subbass 16′
Gedecktbass 16′
Salizetbass 16′
Octavbass 8′
Bassflöte 8′
Octave 4′
Gemshorn 4′
Doppelrohrflöte 2′
Bauernflöte 1′
Rauschzink IV 51/3
Mixtur IV 22/3
Bombarde 32′
Posaunenbass 16′
Trompetenbass 8′
Bärpfeife 8′
Feldtrompete 4′
Tremulant
(IV) Chororgel C–a3
Gedeckt 8′
Engl. Gambe 8′
Principal 4′
Rohrtraverse 4′
Octave 2′
Quinte 22/3
Mixtur III–IV 1′
Musette 8′
Tremulant

Pedal (Chororgel) C–f1
Pommer 16′
Bassflöte 8′
Choralbass II 4′
  • Couplers: II/I, III/I, III/II, IV/I, IV/II, IV/III, I/P, II/P, II 4'/P, III/P, IV/P

Organists[edit]

The position of organist of St. Sebaldus was the most important one of this kind in Nuremberg, and several important composers occupied this post. Organists who worked at St. Sebaldus include the following (almost all held the post until their death, except where stated otherwise):

Burials[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°27′19″N 11°04′33″E / 49.45528°N 11.07583°E / 49.45528; 11.07583