St George's Church, Tyldesley

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Parish Church of St George, Tyldesley
Parish Church of St George, Tyldesley, from the north
Coordinates: 53°30′49″N 2°28′17″W / 53.5135°N 2.4714°W / 53.5135; -2.4714
OS grid reference SD 688 019
Location Lower Elliot Street, Tyldesley,
Greater Manchester
Country England
Denomination Anglican
History
Dedication St George
Consecrated 19 September 1825
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 18 July 1966
Architect(s) Sir Robert Smirke
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking November 1821
Completed 1887
Specifications
Capacity 1,100 (originally)
Length 112 feet (34 m)
Width 60 feet (18 m)
Spire height 150 feet (46 m)
Materials Sandstone
Administration
Parish Tyldesley cum Shakerley
Deanery Leigh
Archdeaconry Salford
Diocese Manchester
Province York

St George's Church is an Anglican parish church serving Tyldesley and Shakerley in Greater Manchester, England. It is part of Leigh deanery in the archdeaconry of Salford and the diocese of Manchester.[1] The church, together with St Stephen's Church, Astley and St John's Church, Mosley Common is part of the united benefice of Astley, Tyldesley and Mosley Common.[2]

A Waterloo Church, it was founded as a chapel of ease of the parish church in Leigh in 1825, in a rapidly expanding township. A mistake with plans led to a larger church than the site could accommodate and extra land and money was donated to ensure the church could be completed. The church was extended at the east end and re-seated in the 1880s and has survived two fires. The churchyard contains the graves of victims of a disaster at Yew Tree Colliery. In 1966 the church was designated a Grade II listed building.

History[edit]

Up to 1789, when the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion built Tyldesley Top Chapel, the population of Tyldesley was dependent on the parish church in Leigh, an ancient ecclesiastical parish that, from medieval times, covered six townships. As the population grew quickly after 1800, a movement seeking to have an established church in the township developed. Thomas Johnson, owner of the Banks Estate gave land at the western end of the banks on which to build a Commissioners' Church. It was paid for by money from the parliament of the United Kingdom raised by the Church Building Act 1818, and said to be a celebration of Britain's victory in the Battle of Waterloo.[3] £17,000 (£1,180,000 as of 2014),[4] was promised by the Church Building Commissioners.[3] The architect was Robert Smirke.[5] It was one of 174 neo-Gothic and 40 Classical style churches built under the Act.[6]

Engraving in a sandstone block which comprises part of a wall.
"The site of this churchyard was given in the year 1820 by Thomas Johnson Esq. and enclosed in the year 1825 by George Ormerod Esq."

Work began in November 1821 and the foundation stone was laid on 23 April 1822—St George's Day. As construction progressed, it was realised that the structure was too big for the site and that the plans had been inadvertently exchanged for the Church of St George in Chorley.[7] Thomas Johnson's nephew, George Ormerod gave more land for the churchyard and £2,000 (£140,000 as of 2014),[4] so that the church could be finished. Building work was completed in November 1824. Bells for the tower were transported on carts from Leigh on 10 August 1825 arriving to celebrations in the town when the largest bell was upturned and filled with ale supplied by all the local inns.[8]

The chapel was consecrated on 19 September 1825 by the Bishop of Chester and dedicated to Saint George.[3] It was licenced as a chapel of ease of Leigh Parish Church and known as St George's Chapel. Tyldesley became a district parish in August 1829. On the last day of 1833 the curate, the Reverend Jacob Robson, writing in the parish registers, signalled the change in the spelling of the village name from Tildesley to Tyldesley.[9]

The chancel was extended at the east end in 1887 forming the sanctuary. The church pews also date from this time, having replaced the original box pews.[10] In 1920 a War Memorial Chapel, known as the Lady Chapel was dedicated.[11]

St George's has survived two fires, the first in 1878 when the upper west galley housing the choir and organ was destroyed causing their removal to the chancel. The second fire, in 1966, destroyed half the roof and part of the ceiling.[12] In 1886 St John's Church at Mosley Common was built as a chapel-of-ease to St George's.[13]

Structure[edit]

Sandstone for St George's was quarried at Peel Quarry in Little Hulton.[14] The church was built in the Early English Gothic style[13] with a seven-bay nave and clerestory which, according to Pevsner have, "unconvincing Geometric aisle windows and squashed Y-tracery on the clerestory".[15] The chancel has two-light windows to the south and north walls and a three-light east window, all with geometrical tracery. On the north side is a vestry and a porch in the westernmost bay.[5] The church is 112 feet (34 m) in length and 60 feet (18 m) in width.[3]

The tower at the west end has a west door and rises in three stages to a parapet with crocketed pinnacles and flying buttresses at each corner to a recessed octagonal spire rising to 150 feet (46 m) in height. At its second stage is a lancet window, and at the third stage, three lancet belfry openings and a clock to each side of the tower.[5]

Fittings and furniture[edit]

 The spire of Tyldesley Church
St George's nave and spire

The tower contains a peel eight bells, the original six were cast in 1825 by William Dobson at Downham Market in Norfolk.[3] In 1910 the bells were rehung and two trebles by Mears and Stainbank added.[11][16] In the 1960s, subsidence and cracks in the tower prevented the bells being rung but an inspection in 2012 revealed the bells could be rung again after repairs to the frame. The Lancashire Association of Change Ringers paid for the repairs and the bells were rung again in December 2012.[17]

The town's first public clock, with three faces was installed on the tower in 1847, paid for by public subscription. A four-faced clock installed in 1913, wound by hand until 1967, now has an electrical movement. After 1912 the town council was responsible for the cost of repairs and illumination and in 1937 electricity superseded gas for lighting its faces.[18]

The church, when first built, could seat 1,100 people. The church retains its west gallery, originally there were two but the upper gallery was destroyed in a fire. The original 1825 font was replaced by a larger one in 1853 and in 1860 an organ was bought from Willis of London for £350 replacing a barrel organ given by George Ormerod when the church opened.

The stained glass in the east window was designed by William Pointer of Manchester and dates from 1956. On either side of the window are mosaic panels dated 1914, each of which depicts two evangelists. The stained-glass windows depicting saints in the north and south walls of the chancel date from the 19th century and were moved from Bishopscourt, the former palace of the Bishops of Manchester, in about 1958. Monuments include one dated 1855 showing a "grieving woman slumped over an urn" and a bronze plaque from 1924.[19]

Clergy[edit]

During its first hundred years, St George's Church had four incumbents. Jacob Robson came to the church as curate in 1825, becoming vicar in 1842 although Tyldesley was made a parish in 1829. He died in 1851.[9] His successor was George Richards who was vicar from 1851 to 1884, during which time 14 of the 25 victims of the Yew Tree Colliery firedamp explosion in 1858 were buried in the churchyard[20] John Lund was the next incumbent, he oversaw the extension of the east end of the church in 1886 and the building of the vicarage in 1902.[10] He was vicar for 36 years from 1884 until 1920. Samuel Fleming was vicar from 1920 until 1948.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Leigh Deanery, anglican.org, retrieved 2 March 2010 
  2. ^ St Stephen, Astley, St Stephen's Church, retrieved 23 May 2011 
  3. ^ a b c d e Lunn 1953, p. 110.
  4. ^ a b UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2013), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  5. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Elliott Street (south side) Church of St George (1163277)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 16 January 2013 .
  6. ^ Parkinson-Bailey 2000, p. 58.
  7. ^ Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 5.
  8. ^ Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 6.
  9. ^ a b Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 9.
  10. ^ a b Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 12.
  11. ^ a b Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 14.
  12. ^ Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 21.
  13. ^ a b Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1907), "Tyldesley with Shakerley", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3 (British History Online): 439–445, retrieved 9 February 2010 
  14. ^ A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, 1848, pp. 25–34, retrieved 27 November 2009 
  15. ^ Pevsner, Pollard & Sharples 2006, pp. 65-66.
  16. ^ Bells, dove.cccbr.org, retrieved 2 May 2010 
  17. ^ St George’s set to chime after 40 years, The Bolton News, 13 December 2012, retrieved 7 October 2013 
  18. ^ Lunn 1953, p. 121.
  19. ^ Pevsner, Pollard & Sharples 2006, p. 595.
  20. ^ Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 10.
  21. ^ Allred & Marsh 1975, p. 15.

Bibliography

External links[edit]