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Temporal range: Pleistocene–0.011
ROM - Stag-moose.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Genus: Cervalces
Scott, 1885
Species: C. scotti
Binomial name
Cervalces scotti
Stag-moose size chart
Moose-like restoration by Robert Bruce Horsfall

The stag-moose (Cervalces scotti) was a large, moose-like deer of North America during the Pleistocene epoch.[1] It is the only known North American member of the genus Cervalces. It was slightly larger than the moose, with an elk-like head, long legs, and complex, palmate antlers. Cervalces scotti reached 2.5 m (8.2 ft) in height and a weight of 708.5 kg (1,562 lb).[2] The species went extinct approximately 11,500 years ago, toward the end of the most recent ice age, as part of a mass extinction of large North American mammals.[3][4]

The first evidence of the stag-moose found in modern times was discovered at Big Bone Lick, Kentucky by William Clark, circa 1805. A more complete skeleton was found in 1885 by William Barryman Scott in New Jersey.[1] Mummified remains have also been found.[5]

The stag-moose frequented wetlands in a range from southern Canada to Arkansas and from Iowa to New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, moose (which had crossed the Bering land bridge from Asia)[6] may have populated its habitat and caused its extinction by competition.[1] Although there is no paleontological evidence that it was associated with humans,[7] other theories for its extinction have been proposed. Notably, there is speculation that hunting by newly arrived humans caused the extinction of the stag-moose and other large mammals.[8] Additionally, some have proposed a sudden extinction by disease, brought by small mammals in association with humans.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Stag Moose (Cervalces scotti)". The Academy of Natural Sciences. Retrieved 2007-03-03. 
  2. ^ (in Spanish)
  3. ^ "Stag-moose". Illinois State Museum. Retrieved 2007-03-03. 
  4. ^ a b Stevens, William K. (April 29, 1997). "Disease Is New Suspect in Ancient Extinctions". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ George A. Feldhamer; Joseph A. Chapman, Bruce Carlyle Thompson (1982). "Moose". Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 931. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  7. ^ "Stag-Moose". Bestiary. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2007-03-03. 
  8. ^ Sharon Levy (2006). "Mammoth Mystery". Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 

External links[edit]