Capreolinae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Capreolinae
Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Brookes, 1828
Genera

Alces
Capreolus
Hydropotes
Rangifer
Hippocamelus
Mazama
Odocoileus
Blastocerus
Ozotoceros
Pudu

Synonyms

Odocoileinae

Capreolinae, Odocoileinae, or the New World deer, is a subfamily of deer. Alternatively, they are known as the telemetacarpal deer, due to their bone structure being different from the plesiometacarpal deer subfamily Cervinae. The telemetacarpal deer maintain their distal lateral metacarpals, while the plesiometacarpal deer maintain only their proximal lateral metacarpals. [1] It is believed that the Capreolinae originated in the Late Miocene, between 7.7 and 11.5 million years ago, in central Asia.[2]

Classification[edit]

The list is based on the studies of Randi, Mucci, Claro-Hergueta, Bonnet and Douzery (2001); Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004); Ludt, Schroeder, Rottmann and Kuehn (2004); Hernandez-Fernandez and Vrba (2005); Groves (2006); Ruiz-Garcia, M., Randi, E., Martinez-Aguero, M. and Alvarez D. (2007); Duarte, J.M.B., Gonzalez, S. and Maldonado, J.E. (2008)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Azanza, B., Rossner, G., and Ortiz-Jaureguizar E. (2013). "The early Turolian (late Miocene) Cervidae (Artiodactyla, Mammalia) from the fossil site of Dron-Durkheim 1 (German) and implications on the origin of crown cervids". Paleobiodiversity and Paleoenvironments 93 (1): 217–258. doi:10.1007/S12549-013-0118-1. 
  2. ^ Gilbert, C., Ropiquet, A., Hassanin A. (July 2006). [<Go to ISI>://WOS:000238805700009 "Mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies of Cervidae (Mammalia, Ruminantia): Systematics, morphology, and biogeography"]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 101–117. doi:10.1016/J.Ympev.2006.02.017. 
  3. ^ Duarte, J. M. B., González, S. and Maldonado, J. E. (2008). "The surprising evolutionary history of South American deer". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (1): 17–22. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.07.009. PMID 18675919.