Standard Bank (historic)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the historic British overseas bank, Standard Bank, now part of Standard Chartered. For the present South Africa-based bank, see Standard Bank.
Standard Bank of British South Africa, Limited[1]:4
Former type Public
Industry Banking
Fate Merger
Founded London, Britain (1862 (1862))[1]:1
Defunct 1969 (1969)
Standard Bank of British South Africa in the museum town at the Kimberley Big Hole

The Standard Bank was a British overseas bank, which operated mainly in Africa from 1863 to 1969. It merged with the Chartered Bank in 1969 to form Standard Chartered.

History[edit]

The bank was incorporated in London in October 1862 as Standard Bank of British South Africa. It was formed by a group of South African businessmen led by John Paterson.[1]:3 The bank started operations in 1863 in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, and soon after opening it merged with several other banks including the Commercial Bank of Port Elizabeth, the Colesberg Bank, the British Kaffrarian Bank and the Fauresmith Bank.

It was prominent in financing and development of the diamond fields of Kimberley in 1867. The word "British" was dropped from the title in 1883. When gold was discovered on the Witwatersrand, the bank expanded northwards and on 11 October 1886 the bank started doing business in a tent at Ferreira's Camp (later to be called Johannesburg), thus becoming the first bank to open a branch on the Witwatersrand gold fields. On 1 November 1901 a second branch was opened in Eloff Street of Johannesburg.

From the 1890s through the 1910s the bank opened offices across Africa although some of them were unsustainable and subsequently had to be closed. In 1912 it opened a branch in New York. In 1920 it bought out the African Banking Corporation.[2] By the mid-1950s, Standard Bank had around 600 offices in Africa.

In 1962, the bank was renamed Standard Bank Limited, and a subsidiary was registered in South Africa under the parent bank's previous name, Standard Bank of South Africa.

In 1965, Standard Bank merged with the Bank of West Africa expanding its operations into Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

Merger[edit]

In 1969 the Standard Bank merged with Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China and the combined bank became known as Standard Chartered Bank.

Subsequent use of name[edit]

In South Africa the Standard Bank Investment Corporation (now Standard Bank Group) was established as the holding company of The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited. Standard Chartered sold its remaining 39% stake in Standard Bank Group in 1987, and the two banking groups are now under quite separate ownership. Today, the Standard Bank name is used by the South African group, which has expanded outside South Africa, including forming a subsidiary in the United Kingdom known as Standard Bank London.

The original 1862 company changed its name in 1985 from Standard Bank PLC to Standard Chartered Bank Africa PLC, and is now named Standard Chartered Africa Ltd.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Amphlett, George Thomas (1914). History of the Standard Bank of South Africa ltd., 1862-1913. Glasgow,: Printed by R. Maclehose. 
  2. ^ Terry, Carolyn. 1978. The Desert Bankers: The Story of the Standard Bank in South West Africa. Cape Town: W.J. Flesch & Partners.
  3. ^ Companies House Webcheck Company Number 2877

External links[edit]