Stia

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For the coaster, see MV Stia.
Stia
Comune
Comune di Stia
Stia Piazza Tanucci
Stia Piazza Tanucci
Coat of arms of Stia
Coat of arms
Stia is located in Italy
Stia
Stia
Location of Stia in Italy
Coordinates: 43°47′N 11°43′E / 43.783°N 11.717°E / 43.783; 11.717
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Arezzo (AR)
Frazioni Molin di Bucchio, Palazzo, Papiano, Papiano Alto, Porciano, Santa Maria alle Grazie, Vallucciole
Government
 • Mayor Luca Santini
Area
 • Total 62.67 km2 (24.20 sq mi)
Elevation 441 m (1,447 ft)
Population (31 August 2007)[1]
 • Total 2,990
 • Density 48/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demonym Stiani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 52017
Dialing code 0575
Patron saint Santa Maria Assunta
Saint day August 15
Website Official website

Stia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Arezzo in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of Florence and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Arezzo. The village of Stia is often called the "source of the Arno", although the real source is some 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) higher on the slopes of Monte Falterona. However Stia is the first true village the Arno reaches, where it is joined by another river, the Staggia, that starts at Passo la Calla to the north-east. It is suggested that the name 'Stia' comes from a corruption of the river Staggia's name. As well as the being situated on the confluence of the Arno and the Staggia, Stia also has its own spring that rises in the park of Palagio Fiorentino, which has now been channelled so the water flows from 10 permanent taps.

Stia is also the first station on the railway line that runs down the valley, following the Arno, to Arezzo. Stia borders the following municipalities: Londa, Pratovecchio, San Godenzo, Santa Sofia.

Main sights[edit]

A view of Stia from the hamlet of Faeto.

Stia grew up as the market place below the Guidi castle at Porciano. Presumably due to the topography, the piazza is not a normal square, but a more unusual triangular shape, sloping steeply at its far end. Today called Piazza Tanucci, after the Bernardo Tanucci, an Italian statesman, who was born in Stia in 1698.

Stia boasts a pair of covered arcades that run along either side of the piazza, today housing a variety of shops, bars and restaurants. On entering the piazza from the lower end, the baroque facade of Santa Maria della Assunta dominates the left hand side of the street. The plain 19th century facade belies the fact that inside is a well preserved Romanesque interior that is at least six hundred years older.

The original church was built around 1150 for the Guidi Counts at Porciano, although a sacred site here was documented even earlier in 1017. The original facade was demolished in 1776 when the piazza was enlarged, and was rebuilt in the present Baroque style.

A shop display of 'Panno Casentino' - a typical local wool product.

Inside the sandstone columns are topped with capitals decorated with flora, animals and stylized people. The church also contains a glazed blue and white terracotta Madonna and Child; an example of the artist Andrea della Robbia's work.

The campanile at the rear of the church has been altered several times over its history, with the current belfry and clock added in the eighteenth century.

Historically the Casentino was a fertile valley with various industries helping make the area prosper. Timber was important during the Medici period for ship building, as was the woolen fabric, produced first to clothe the monks and nuns in the area, and then the wealthy families of Tuscany. 'Panno Casentino' was originally made with yarn spun by local women at home, and later was produced in "modern cloth mills which line the Staggia" (Ella Noyes, 1905). At its height,the largest wool mill in Stia, built in 1838, employed over 500 people, and produced 700,000 metres of cloth a year.

typical Stia textile

The factory is now a museum of wool production.

machine at museum in old wool factory
Façade of Santa Maria della Assunta.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

Sources[edit]

  • Eckenstein, Lina. Through the Casentino with Hints for the Traveller (London, J.M.Dent & Co., 1902).
  • Jepson, Tim; Buckley, Johnathan; Ellingham, Mark. Tuscany & Umbria (London, Rough Guides, 2003).
  • Kleinhenz, Christopher (ed). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia (New York, Routledge, 2004).
  • Machiavelli, Niccolò. The History of Florence (A New Translation. London, Henry Bohn, 1847).
  • Noyes, Ella. The Casentino and its Story (London, J.M.Dent & Co, 1905).
  • Ring, Trudy; Sulkin, Robert; La Boda, Sharon (eds). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Southern Europe, Vol 3 (New York, Routledge, 1996).
  • Trollope, T. Adolophus. A History of the Commonwealth of Florence (London, Chapman and Hall, 1865).
  • Wickham, C.J. The Mountain and the City: The Tuscan Appennines in the Early Middle Age (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1988).
  • Williams, H.W. Travels in Italy, Greece, and the Ionian Islands (Edinburgh, Archibald Constable & Co., 1820).

External links[edit]