Ston

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Ston
Mali Ston
Mali Ston
Ston is located in Croatia
Ston
Ston
The location of Konavle within Croatia
Coordinates: 42°50′N 17°42′E / 42.833°N 17.700°E / 42.833; 17.700Coordinates: 42°50′N 17°42′E / 42.833°N 17.700°E / 42.833; 17.700
Country Croatia
County Dubrovnik-Neretva county
Government
 • Mayor Vedran Antunica
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,407
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20 230
Area code(s) +385 20
Vehicle registration DU
Website www.ston.hr

Ston (pronounced [stɔ̂n]; Italian: Stagno) is a village and municipality in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac peninsula. The town of Ston is the center of the Ston municipality.

Municipality[edit]

In the 2011 census, the total population of the municipality of Ston was 2,407, in the following settlements:[1]

In the same census, Croats made up an absolute majority with 98.50% of the population.[2]

History[edit]

Stefan Vojislav (fl. 1018–43) held the Byzantine titles of archon, and toparch of the Dalmatian kastra of Zeta and Ston.[3] Mihailo I of Duklja (r. 1050–81), Vojislav's son, held Ston, where he had the St. Michael's Church built, which has his preserved ktitor portrait. Miroslav, the Grand Prince of Hum (r. 1166–90), was seated in the town. In 1219, Serbian Archbishop Sava established the Eparchy of Hum, which was seated in Ston.

On 22 January 1325, Stefan Uroš III issued a document for the sale of his maritime possessions of Ston and Pelješac to the Republic of Ragusa.[4][5] The Branivojević noble family held the areas under the Serbian crown, and were at the time the most powerful family in Hum. In 1326, they they attacked Serbian interests and other local nobles of Hum, who in turn turned against Serbia and the Branivojevići. The Hum nobility approached Stjepan Kotromanić II, the ban of Bosnia, who then annexed most of Hum.[6] Ston and Pelješac were officially handed over to the Ragusans in 1333.[7]

Vukosav Nikolić was buried in Ston after his death in the Bosnian-Ragusan War (1403).

Ston is also known for its saltworks which were run by the Republic of Ragusa and the Ottoman Empire.

Cultural monuments[edit]

Walls of Ston[edit]

Main article: Walls of Ston

Ston was a major fort of the Ragusan Republic whose defensive walls were regarded as a notable feat of medieval architecture.[8] The town's inner wall measures 890 metres in length, while the Great Wall outside the town has a circumference of 5 km. The walls extend to Mali Ston ("Little Ston"), a smaller town on the northern side of the Pelješac isthmus and the end of the Bay of Mali Ston, notable for its mariculture.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Ston". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Dubrovnik-Neretva". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  3. ^ Paul Magdalino (January 2003). Byzantinum in the Year 1000. BRILL. pp. 124–. ISBN 90-04-12097-1. ; Kekaumenos, ed Litavrin, 170-2
  4. ^ Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti 1908, p. 252
  5. ^ Istorijski institut u Beogradu, SANU 1976, p. 21
  6. ^ Fine 1994, p. 266
  7. ^ Blagojević 2001, p. 20: "Поуздано се зна да је приликом уступања Стона и Пељешца Дубровчанима 1333. године био присутан и казнац Балдовин.[20]"
  8. ^ Ston-www.croatia1.com

External links[edit]