Strela (satellite)

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Strela
General information
Manufacturer NPO PM
Country of origin Soviet Union
Russia
Applications Communication
Orbit regimes Low Earth
Operator VKS/GRU
VKO
Lifetime 5 years
Derivatives Gonets
Rodnik
Production
Status Operational
Power 40 Watts from solar panels
Batteries Nickel hydrogen
Equipment UHF transponders
(NATO B/D-band)
Data rate of up to 64 kb/s)

Strela (Russian: Стрела, arrow) is a Ukrainian (previously Soviet) military communications satellite constellation operating in low Earth orbit.

History[edit]

The first three satellites, Kosmos 38 (reentered 1964-11-08), Kosmos 39 (reentered 1964-11-17) and Kosmos 40 (reentered 1964-11-17), were launched on 18 August 1964. Five different types of Strela satellites have been launched, designated Strela-1 (1964-65), Strela-1M (1970-1992), Strela-2 (1965-1968), Strela-2M (1970-1994), and Strela-3 (1985-2010).[1][2][3][4][5][6] Strela satellites are also used for the civilian Gonets program. The current version of Strela, Strela-3M is also known as Rodnik. [7]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Satellite Catalog Number index (updated Jan 2008)". Jonathan McDowell. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  2. ^ "Strela-1 (11F610)". Gunter Dirk Krebs. 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  3. ^ "Strela-1M (11F625)". Gunter Dirk Krebs. 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  4. ^ "Strela-2 (11F610)". Gunter Dirk Krebs. 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  5. ^ "Strela-2M (11F610)". Gunter Dirk Krebs. 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  6. ^ "Strela-3 (17F13)". Gunter Dirk Krebs. 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  7. ^ "Strela-3M (14F132)". Gunter Dirk Krebs. 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  8. ^ Iannotta, Becky (2009-02-11). "U.S. Satellite Destroyed in Space Collision". Space.com. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 

External links[edit]