Iridium 33

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Iridium 33
Iridium satellite.jpg
A mockup of an Iridium satellite
Mission type Communication
Operator Iridium Satellite LLC
COSPAR ID 1997-051C
Spacecraft properties
Bus LM-700A
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin
Start of mission
Launch date 14 September 1997 (1997-09-14)
Rocket Proton-K/DM2
Launch site Baikonur 81/23
Contractor ILS
End of mission
Destroyed 10 February 2009, 16:56 (2009-02-10UTC16:57Z) UTC
Collision with Kosmos 2251
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth

Iridium 33 was a U.S. Iridium communications satellite. It was launched into low Earth orbit from Site 81/23 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 01:36 GMT on 14 September 1997, by a Proton-K carrier rocket with a Block DM2 upper stage.[1][2] It was operated in Plane 3 of the Iridium satellite constellation, with an ascending node of 230.9°.[1]

Destruction[edit]

On 10 February 2009, at 16:56 GMT, Kosmos 2251 (a retired Strela satellite) and Iridium 33 collided, resulting in the destruction of both spacecraft.[3] NASA reported that a large amount of space debris was produced by the collision.[4][5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Iridium". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  2. ^ Wade, Mark. "Proton". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  3. ^ Iannotta, Becky (2009-02-11). "U.S. Satellite Destroyed in Space Collision". Space.com. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
  4. ^ "2 orbiting satellites collide 500 miles up". Associated Press. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
  5. ^ "Google Earth KMZ file of the debris". John Burns. 2009-03-05. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Space debris environment and operational updates". NASA. 2011-02-07. Retrieved 201-08-25.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)