Suite on Finnish Themes
The Suite on Finnish Themes or Seven Arrangements of Finnish Folk Songs (Russ. Семь обработок финских народных песен (Сюита на финские темы)) is a suite composed in 1939 for soloists (soprano and tenor) and chamber ensemble in seven movements by the Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich (1906–75). The suite does not have an opus number.
In 1939, before the Soviet forces were to invade Finland, the Party Secretary of Leningrad Andrei Zhdanov commissioned a celebratory piece from Shostakovich, a theme to be performed as the marching bands of the Red Army would be parading through the Finnish capital Helsinki. Shostakovich finished composing on 3 December 1939, as the Red Army was advancing in the Finnish front and the puppet regime Finnish Democratic Republic was founded three days earlier.
The only early historical source of the suite is a letter which Shostakovich sent his friend Levon Atovmyan on 5 December 1939. In the letter, Shostakovich apologizes he could not make to symphony act in Moscow, as the Leningrad military districts commissioned a suite for Finnish folk songs. The deadline was on 2 December, but he managed to finished 3 December.
The exact commission date is uncertain, but according to the Finnish historian Ohto Manninen, it was probably commissioned on 25 November, though not earlier than 23 November. The earlier date is not likely as Shostakovich sent telegram on 22 November to Atovmyan where Shostakovich was certain he will arrive in Moscow. The war began on 30 November, 1939.
However, the Winter War was a bitter experience for the Red Army, the Red Army parade in Helsinki never happened, and Shostakovich would never lay claim to the authorship of this work. It was not performed until 2001.
Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra has recorded the suite for BIS in 2002.
The movements of the suite:
- Energico (orchestral)
- Taivas on sininen ja valkoinen (The Sky is Blue and White)
- Lento non troppo (orchestral)
- Tämän kylän tytöt ovat tilulilulei (The Girls of this Village)
- Mansikka on punanen marja (The Strawberry is a Red Berry)
- Jos mie saisin jouten olla (If I Could be at leisure)
- Minun kultani kaunis on (My Beloved is Beautiful).
- DSCH Publishers.
- Edwards 2006, p. 98
- Manninen 2002, p. 33
- Manninen 2002, p. 34
- MTV3: Shostakovitshin kiistelty teos kantaesitettiin (in Finnish)
- BIS-CD-1256 Shostakovich - Suite on Finnish Themes
- Edwards, Robert (2006). White Death: Russia's War on Finland 1939–40. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-84630-7.
- Manninen, Ohto (2002). Stalinin kiusa – Himmlerin täi (in Finnish). Helsinki: Edita. ISBN 951-37-3694-6.
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