|Birth name||Lamduan Sombatcharoen|
September 25, 1930|
Suphan Buri, Thailand
|Died||August 16, 1968
Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
Suraphol Sombatcharoen (September 25, 1930 - August 16, 1968) (Thai: สุรพล สมบัติเจริญ, also Surapon Sombatjalern) was a Thai luk thung singer. Dubbed the "King of Luk Thung", he was one of the first major stars of Thailand's own country music genre. He was fatally shot after a live performance in Nakhon Pathom.
Born Lamduan Sombatcharoen in Suphan Buri Province, he took the name Suraphol as a stage name. His first hit was in 1954 with "Nam Da Sow Vienne" ("Tears of a Lao Girl"). It marked the emergence of luk thung, a Thai counterpart to such crooning styles as Japanese enka and Indonesian kroncong, and embodied such influences as Hollywood film music, American country music, Malay pop and Afro-Cuban rhythms.
Suraphol composed more than 100 songs. Among his most well-known numbers are "Sao Suan Taeng" ("The Girl from the Cucumber Orchard"), "Mong" ("Look"), "Nam Ta Ja Tho" ("The Tears of a Corporal"), "Khong Plom" ("Fake Stuff") and "Muai Cham" ("Broken-Hearted Chinese Girl").
Shortly before he was killed, he released his last and most memorable song, "Siphok Pi Haeng Khuam Lang" ("สิบหกปีแห่งความหลัง" or "16 Years of Our Past"), in which he wrote sadly about the end of his 16-year marriage, reflecting on the happiness and bitterness of the union.
Suraphol's recordings are widely available in Thailand, from shopping malls such as MBK Center in Bangkok to rural markets.
Whenever Suraphol is commemorated on radio, the song that's inevitably played is his "16 Years of Our Past", and the 16-year period has become symbolic for numerologically minded Thai people.
The 1983 documentary "Two Faces of Thailand: A Musical Portrait" (part of the Beats of the Heart series) included a segment on luk thung, following Surachai Sombacharoen (son of Suraphol) on tour with a show that included a tribute to Suraphol, and interviews with family members.
And so it came to pass that on the 33rd anniversary of Suraphol's death in 2001, the third generation of the Sombatcharoen family luk thung singers made his debut. The son of Surachai Sombacharoen (and grandson of Suraphol), Surabodin sang in front of a packed hall at the Thailand Cultural Centre on August 16, 2001. He was 16 years old, and of course sang "16 Years of Our Past".
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- http://www.shanachie.com/artist/videos/beats.htm Shanachie Entertainment/Videos/"Two Faces of Thailand"
- http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/202573/Two-Faces-of-Thailand-A-Musical-Portrait/overview New York Times Review: "Two Faces of Thailand"
- Khanthong, Thanong (September 6, 2002). "OVERDRIVE: PM Thaksin to embrace Suraphol Doctrine?". The Nation.
- "SUNDAY TALK: 'Look thung' family keeps going strong", August 26, 2001, The Nation.
- Napack, Jonathan (May 12, 1999) "A revival of authentic Thai pop", The New York Times