Syria is a country in the Middle East, incorporating north-eastern Levant and Eastern Mesopotamia.
Geography and history
The Region of Syria refers to wider historical geographic region. In this sense it can refer to:
- Syro-Hittite states, during the Early Iron Age
- Coele-Syria, a province of the Seleucid Empire
- Roman Syria, a Roman province between 64 BCE and 135 CE
- Syria Palaestina, a Roman province between 135 CE and 390
- Coele-Syria, a coastal Levantine province split from Syria Palaestina in the late 2nd century CE
- Syria Prima and Syria Secunda, provinces of the Byzantine Empire, transformed from former Roman Syria
- Bilad al-Sham, a province of the early Caliphates, corresponding to former Roman Syria
- Bilad al-Sham (Mamluk province), Syrian province under the Mamluks
- Syria Vilayet (Ottoman Syria, a province of the Ottoman Empire, after the Tanzimat reforms, preceded by the Damascus Eyalet
- Arab Kingdom of Syria, a short-living Hashemite kingdom in 1920, installed after WWI and abolished by the French
- French Mandate for Syria, incorporating the State of Syria (1924–1930) and later the Syrian Republic (1930–1958), which gained full independence in 1946
- Syrian Arab Republic, a modern-day country
Incorporation of the geographic term Syria outside of the Middle East:
- Little Syria, Manhattan, a neighborhood that existed in New York City
- Syria, Virginia, a town in the United States
- Șiria, a commune in Arad County, Romania
- Syria Planum, a plateau in the Tharsis region of Mars.
- Greater Syria, an Arab nationalistic term to define large parts of the Middle East, at the greatest extent of Bilad a-Sham province
Syria may also refer to:
- Syria, the pseudonym of Cecilia Cipressi, an Italian singer-songwriter
- Siria, a music duo
- Syria (ship), sailing ship launched in 1868
- Syria TV, national television channel of Syria
Suryani may also refer to:
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