Syrmus

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Syrmus or Syrmos (also Syrmios, Ancient Greek: Σύρμος) was a king of the West Thracian Triballi tribe during the 330s BC.[1]

He is mentioned by Arrian, Strabo and Plutarch.[2]

After the death of Philip, Alexander the Great passed through the lands of the Odryssians in 335-334 BC, crossing the Haemus ranges and after three encounters (Battle of Haemus, Battle at Lyginus river, Battle at Peuce Island) defeated and drove the Triballians to the junction of the Lyginus at the Danube, 3,000 Triballi were killed, the rest fled. Syrmos and his people took refuge in the Danubian island of Peukê where most of the remnants of defeated Thracians exiled. The successful Macedonian attacks terrorized the tribes around the Danube, the autonomous Thracian tribes sent tributes for peace, Alexander was satisfied with his operations and accepted peace because of his greater wars in Asia.[3]

Though Syrmus was later considered the eponymous founder of Sirmium,[4] the roots are different, and the two words only became conflated later.[5]

See also[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hales
King of the Triballi
330s BC
Succeeded by
?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Plutarch's Lives by Plutarch, 2008, ISBN 1-4404-1432-7, page 183: "... Danube, and by winning a signal victory over Syrmus, the King of the Triballi. After this, as he heard that the Thebans had revolted, ..."
  2. ^ Fanula Papazoglu, The central Balkan tribes in pre-Roman times, Hakkert, 1978. ISBN 90-256-0793-4. p.73.
  3. ^ http://books.google.se/?id=JJ4K1wFZkrsC&pg=PA258
  4. ^ http://books.google.se/?id=_xAVAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA75
  5. ^ Papazoglu, p. 74