Terminalia arjuna

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Terminalia arjuna
Fruit I IMG 9577.jpg
Arjuna fruit
Flowers with Sykes's warbler I IMG 1880.jpg
Arjuna flowers with a Sykes's Warbler
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: T. arjuna
Binomial name
Terminalia arjuna
(Roxb.) Wight & Arn.

Terminalia arjuna is a tree of the genus Terminalia. It is commonly known as arjuna[1] or arjun tree in English,[2] Thella Maddi in Telugu and Marudha Maram in Tamil.


The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.[1][2]

Terminalia arjuna in Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The arjuna is usually found growing on river banks or near dry river beds in West Bengal and south and central India.[1] It is known as (ಕಮರಾಕ್ಷಿ) neer maruthu in Malayalam 'Marutha Maram'(Marutham Pattai) in Tamil[3] [4] and in Kannada , Thella Maddi (తెల్ల మద్ది) in Telugu and kohda in Rajasthan.


Silk production[edit]

The arjuna is one of the species whose leaves are fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk (tussah), a wild silk of commercial importance.[5]

Alternative medicine[edit]

The arjuna was introduced into Ayurveda as a treatment for heart disease by Vagbhata (c. 7th century CE).[6] It is traditionally prepared as a milk decoction.[6] In the Ashtānga Hridayam, Vagbhata mentions arjuna in the treatment of wounds, hemorrhages and ulcers, applied topically as a powder.[6]

In Buddhism[edit]

In Theravada Buddhism, arjuna is said to have used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by tenth Lord Buddha called "Anomadassi - අනෝමදස්සී". The plant is known as කුඹුක් (kumbuk) in Sinhala in Sri Lanka.


  1. ^ a b c Moulisha Biswas, Kaushik Biswas, Tarun K Karan, Sanjib Bhattacharya, Ashoke K Ghosh, and Pallab K Haldar, Evaluation of analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Terminalia arjuna leaf, Journal of Phytology 2011, 3(1): 33-38.
  2. ^ a b "Arjun Tree". Eco India. 
  4. ^ "Terminalia arjuna prevents any heart disease". 
  5. ^ M.P. Shiva, NWFP, & EC-FAO Partnership Programme. "Non-wood forest products In 15 countries of Tropical Asia". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 
  6. ^ a b c "Arjuna". Todd Caldecott. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 

External links[edit]

  • Dwivedi S. (2007). "Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn. A useful drug for cardiovascular disorders". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 114: 114–129. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2007.08.003. 
  • Karthikeyan et al. (2003). "Cardioprotective effect of the alcoholic extract of Terminalia arjuna bark in an in vivo model of myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury". Life Sciences 73: 2727–2739. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(03)00671-4.