|Arjuna flowers with a Sykes's Warbler|
(Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.
Distribution and habitat
The arjuna is usually found growing on river banks or near dry river beds in West Bengal and south and central India. It is known as (ಕಮರಾಕ್ಷಿ) in Kannada neer maruthu in Tamil and Malayalam, Thella Maddi (తెల్ల మద్ది) in Telugu and kohda in Rajasthan.
In studies in mice, its leaves have been shown to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
|Some or all of this section's listed sources may not be reliable. (October 2011)|
The arjuna was introduced into Ayurveda as a treatment for heart disease by Vagbhata (c. 7th century CE). It is traditionally prepared as a milk decoction. In the Ashtānga Hridayam, Vagbhata mentions arjuna in the treatment of wounds, hemorrhages and ulcers, applied topically as a powder.
- Moulisha Biswas, Kaushik Biswas, Tarun K Karan, Sanjib Bhattacharya, Ashoke K Ghosh, and Pallab K Haldar, Evaluation of analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Terminalia arjuna leaf, Journal of Phytology 2011, 3(1): 33-38.
- "Arjun Tree". Eco India.
- M.P. Shiva, NWFP, & EC-FAO Partnership Programme. "Non-wood forest products In 15 countries of Tropical Asia". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
- "Arjuna". Todd Caldecott. Retrieved 2012-11-26.
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- Dwivedi S. (2007). "Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn. A useful drug for cardiovascular disorders". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 114: 114–129.