|Arjuna flowers with a Sykes's Warbler|
(Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.
Distribution and habitat
The arjuna is usually found growing on river banks or near dry river beds in West Bengal and south and central India. It is known as (ಕಮರಾಕ್ಷಿ) neer maruthu in Malayalam 'Marutha Maram'(Marutham Pattai) in Tamil  and in Kannada , Thella Maddi (తెల్ల మద్ది) in Telugu and kohda in Rajasthan.
|Some or all of this section's listed sources may not be reliable. (October 2011)|
The arjuna was introduced into Ayurveda as a treatment for heart disease by Vagbhata (c. 7th century CE). It is traditionally prepared as a milk decoction. In the Ashtānga Hridayam, Vagbhata mentions arjuna in the treatment of wounds, hemorrhages and ulcers, applied topically as a powder.
In Theravada Buddhism, arjuna is said to have used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by tenth Lord Buddha called "Anomadassi - අනෝමදස්සී". The plant is known as කුඹුක් (kumbuk) in Sinhala in Sri Lanka.
- Moulisha Biswas, Kaushik Biswas, Tarun K Karan, Sanjib Bhattacharya, Ashoke K Ghosh, and Pallab K Haldar, Evaluation of analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Terminalia arjuna leaf, Journal of Phytology 2011, 3(1): 33-38.
- "Arjun Tree". Eco India.
- "GERIATRICS AND SIDDHA MEDICINE".
- "Terminalia arjuna prevents any heart disease".
- M.P. Shiva, NWFP, & EC-FAO Partnership Programme. "Non-wood forest products In 15 countries of Tropical Asia". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
- "Arjuna". Todd Caldecott. Retrieved 2012-11-26.
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- Dwivedi S. (2007). "Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn. A useful drug for cardiovascular disorders". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 114: 114–129. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2007.08.003.