Terminalia (plant)

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Terminalia
Terminalia catappa 1.jpg
Terminalia catappa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
L.[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Badamia Gaertn.
Catappa Gaertn.
Chicharronia A.Rich.
Chuncoa Pav. ex Juss.
Fatrea Juss.
Gimbernatea Ruiz & Pav.
Hudsonia A.Rob. ex Lunan
Kniphofia Scop.
Myrobalanifera Houtt.
Myrobalanus Gaertn.
Pentaptera Roxb.
Ramatuela Kunth
Ramatuella Kunth, orth. var.
Resinaria Comm. ex Lam.
Tanibouca Aubl.
Vicentia Allemão[1]

Terminalia is a genus of large trees of the flowering plant family Combretaceae, comprising around 100 species distributed in tropical regions of the world. This genus gets it name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots.

Trees of this genus are known especially as a source of secondary metabolites, e.g. cyclic triterpenes and their derivatives, flavonoids, tannins, and other aromatics. Some of these substances have antifungal, antibacterial, anti-cancer and hepatoprotective effects.[citation needed]

Selected species[edit]

Terminalia argentea flowers
Terminalia catappa flowers with a Hoverfly- a close up

Formerly placed here[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Terminalia L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  2. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Terminalia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 

External links[edit]