Tetrachloroethylene (data page)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This page provides supplementary chemical data on tetrachloroethylene.

Material Safety Data Sheet[edit]

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommended that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source such as SIRI, and follow its directions. MSDS is available from Fisher Scientific.

Structure and properties[edit]

Structure and properties
Index of refraction,[1] nD 1.5055 at 20°C
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant,[2] εr 2.5 ε0 at 21 °C
Bond strength  ?
Bond length  ?
Bond angle  ?
Magnetic susceptibility  ?
Surface tension[3] 31.74 dyn/cm at 20°C(C2Cl4 against air)
44.4 dyn/cm at 25°C (C2Cl4 against water)
Viscosity[4] 1.1384 mPa·sec at 0.43°C
0.8759 mPa·sec at 22.3°C
0.6539 mPa·sec at 52.68°C
0.4043 mPa·sec at 117.09°C

Thermodynamic properties[edit]

Phase behavior
Triple point 250.81 K (–22.34 °C), ? Pa
Critical point 620 K (347 °C), 4760 kPa
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
10.88 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion
, ΔfusSo
43.38 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
34.68 kJ/mol at 121°C
Std entropy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapSo
102.8 J/(mol·K) at 25°C
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
 ? J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of state transition, ΔtrsHo 0.820 kJ/mol (crystal II → crystal I)
–148°C to –63°C
Entropy of state transition, ΔtrsSo 5.26 J/(mol K) (crystal II → crystal I)
–148°C to –63°C
Heat capacity, cp  ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
–54.4 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
240.6 J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHo –830 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 146 J/(mol K) at 25°C
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–12.43 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
343.4 J/(mol K) at 25°C
Heat capacity, cp 95.51 J/(mol K) at 25°C

Vapor pressure of liquid[edit]

P in mm Hg 1 10 40 100 400 760
T in °C –20.6(s) 13.8 40.1 61.3 100.0 120.8

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 47th ed. Note that "(s)" annotation indicates equilibrium temperature of vapor pressure of solid. Otherwise indication is equilibrium temperature of vapor of liquid.

log10 of Tetrachloroethylene vapor pressure. Uses formula: \scriptstyle \log_e P_{mmHg} =\scriptstyle \log_e (\frac {760} {101.325}) - 6.665868\log_e(T+273.15) - \frac {6530.97} {T+273.15} + 60.47398 + 3.522382 \times 10^{-6} (T+273.15)^2 obtained from CHERIC[5]

Distillation data[edit]

See also

Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
of Tetrachloroethylene/Methanol
[6]
P = 760 mm Hg
BP
Temp.
°C
 % by mole methanol
liquid vapor
117.2 0.1 7.4
113.2 0.3 21.0
107.7 0.3 33.5
102.7 0.3 44.5
97.6 0.8 53.0
93.0 1.1 58.8
87.0 1.7 66.0
80.5 2.4 72.4
70.2 6.6 80.0
65.3 21.5 83.7
64.4 53.3 84.8
63.9 77.6 85.9
63.5 88.3 88.3
63.6 93.7 91.3
63.8 95.0 92.7
64.2 97.9 95.8
   
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
of Tetrachloroethylene/1,2-Dichloroethane
[6]
P = 760 mm Hg
BP
Temp.
°C
 % by mole dichloroethane
liquid vapor
117.8 2.0 11.5
114.0 5.0 21.7
110.9 9.2 31.5
108.0 12.0 38.8
106.0 15.0 43.7
103.3 20.0 51.2
100.5 26.4 59.2
98.5 31.1 62.9
95.2 40.0 69.6
93.7 45.0 72.5
92.2 50.0 75.5
89.9 59.4 80.4
88.2 67.9 84.2
86.8 75.0 87.5
85.5 83.8 91.6
84.2 93.8 97.0
   
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
of Tetrachloroethylene/Isopropanol
[6]
P = 100 kPa
BP
Temp.
°C
 % by mole C2Cl4
liquid vapor
81.7 0.0 0.0
81.6 0.8 1.2
81.5 1.6 2.3
81.4 3.0 4.1
81.3 5.4 6.7
81.2 8.4 9.4
81.1 12.0 12.1
81.1 16.4 14.5
81.3 21.9 17.1
81.5 27.8 19.0
81.8 33.9 20.3
82.2 39.4 21.5
82.6 44.0 22.6
83.0 50.6 23.1
83.4 55.2 24.2
83.8 60.0 24.7
84.4 65.0 25.3
85.0 69.1 26.2
85.6 75.5 27.7
86.8 79.8 29.6
90.1 87.9 35.3
95.1 92.3 42.7
98.0 94.1 48.2
101.6 95.5 54.0
105.9 97.0 62.6
110.2 98.1 72.1
114.7 99.2 85.0
117.6 99.6 92.1
121.0 100.0 100.0

Spectral data[edit]

UV-Vis
λmax  ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε  ?
IR
Major absorption bands  ? cm−1
NMR
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. pp 1289-1376
  2. ^ "Dielectric Constants Chart". ChemicalLand21. Retrieved 9 June 2007. 
  3. ^ "Tetrachloroethylene". National Toxicology Program. Retrieved 9 June 2007. 
  4. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. pp 1669-1674
  5. ^ "Pure Component Properties" (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 9 June 2007. 
  6. ^ a b c "Binary Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data" (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 9 June 2007. 

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

Disclaimer applies.